We want to be in 100 cities in the next 12 to 18 months: Gaurav Hinduja & Sashank Rishyasringa – Business Standard
Written by Alnoor Peermohamed
Bengaluru-based startup Capital Float, which lends to small and medium enterprises (SMEs), plans to grow its presence from 40 cities to a 100 cities in the next 12 to 18 months. While sellers on e-commerce platforms make up a large chunk of whom the company lends to, it says it will focus more on tier 2 and tier 3 businesses, which might be solely offline but have the potential to grow massively. Gaurav Hinduja and Sashank Rishyasringa, founders of Capital Float talk to Alnoor Peermohamed in the company’s plans. Edited excerpts:
The e-commerce segment is fairly new and there’s bound to be volatility. How do you think that might impact your business?
Hinduja: E-commerce merchants are the core to what we do and it’s an important vertical, but we’ve also diversified outside.
We do loans to a lot traditional SMEs — brick and mortar, manufacturing and service type of organisations because that segment is 30-40 million, whereas e-commerce is 100-200 thousand. I think almost all sellers sell on all marketplaces. And when we underwrite the business, we look at a combination of things. Sales across marketplaces, and how does that look across his offline sales as well, because a lot of sell offline. We look at a holistic view of the business before we actually decide to give the person a loan.
Data on sellers is harder to come by in the offline world. How are you tackling that?
Rishyasringa: You’ll be surprised as to how much data is available on any business in India and that’s very much a big part of the IP we’ve built since the early days. I think what we’ve been able to do is build a lot of pipes for data sources such as Aadhaar, NSDL, and a whole host of other government and legal databases.
The borrower is also able to give us access to a lot of data that we can then use in deciding what terms and what kind of loan to give them. For example, social media is a very interesting input that we consider in our underwriting model.
On the online piece, yes there is some additional data which helps with the speed of lending. So today we give real time approvals to e-commerce sellers in 10 to 15 minutes.
What is your primary source of raising capital?
Hinduja: Like most financial institutions we obviously raise equity right, and we have raised a little over Rs 100 crore from some of the best VCs, but also we have raised debt.
What are your sort of default rates? How are you working to keep them low?
Hinduja: Ironically, a lot of the bank’s defaulters are not coming from the SME sector. They’re actually coming from large borrowers. A lot of what we do is the underwriting, through different data, and we do that to keep our credit costs, which are defaults, et cetera, really low.
Today they are very low, I’d say 80-90 per cent better than any NBFC that lends to SMEs out there. That said, it is still early days. This is a lending business at the end of the day, there are going to be defaults.
What do you think will happen when guys like Alibaba increase their focus in India? Where do you fit in?
Rishyasringa: B2B e-commerce has the potential to be far larger than B2C e-commerce in India. And we think what Alibaba has been able to achieve in China and in India with its SME base for exporters and importers is tremendous.
We are partners with Alibaba. You can infer from that, that we’re already active in the space and its part of our strategy.
How is this partnership going to work?
Hinduja: They’re going to look at us to help get more SMEs to become active Alibaba users. But at the same time a lot of their SME merchant base will require financing, whether it’s for domestic transactions, or cross border transactions. They will look at a financer that really has the speed and the agility to meet the SMEs requirements in that sense.
What are your growth plans?
Hinduja: We want to be in 100 cities in the next 12 to 18 months and obviously a lot of that growth is going to come from tier 2 and tier 3 towns. Because banks really don’t have a presence there.
While people and SMEs in the top 8-10 cities can still access a bank branch, bank branch penetration in those tier 2 tier 3 towns is almost negligible. I think that’s where we’ll see a lot of growth and through the make in India and e-commerce stuff you’ll see a lot of business growth in those cities as well.
What sort of regulatory hurdles do you see yourselves having to cross?
Rishyasringa: Actually in the financial services space I think we’ve got a very proactive regulator and what you’re seeing in these payment banks, small finance banks, e-KYC, I think these are all steps in the right direction and we obviously hope that we continue to see these steps.
News piece sourced from Business Standard. Read the full piece here.
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The pharmaceutical and healthcare industry is a significant sector for the Indian economy. In terms of the volume of generic medicines produced, India is the third largest producer in the world and its rank in terms of the industry’s value stands at fourteen. The healthcare segment is expected to reach a valuation of $150 billion by the end of 2017. Like every other industry of the economy, the impact of GST is bound to be felt on the pharma industry as well.
To begin with, as different indirect taxes will be subsumed in a single tax, it will simplify the taxation system. Going further, the GST will affect the pricing, working capital, contracts with vendors, the ERP systems and internal processes in the sector.
To understand the GST impact on pharma companies, we need to be aware of the entire range of the pharmaceutical supply chain. At one end are pharma product manufacturers, contract and API manufacturers and the organisations that market the products in different parts of India. At the other end is a chain of Carrying and Forwarding Agents (C&F), distributors/wholesalers and retailers.
Two key parameters have changed in the pharma industry on account of GST. One is the manufacturing price, because many raw materials for medicines have been shifted from the 5% VAT bracket to the 12% GST bracket. Secondly, many medicinal salts and compounds have been wholly moved from 5% VAT to 12% GST rate on pharma industry. Furthermore, a number of health supplements that were earlier in the 12.5% to 15% tax bracket are now in the 18% to 28% GST bracket. The net effect of all these changes will be a significant hike in the price of medicines.
For a deeper view of the GST impact on pharma industry, we also need to consider the margins at which the complete supply chain works. In this sector, the clearing and forwarding agent has a 4% to 6% margin on the maximum retail price (MRP) of medicines, the distributor works at 7% to 8% margin on the same and the retailer has a margin of 20% on a medicine’s MRP. With the imposition of GST, the pharma companies will need to pay extra for the manufacturing cost, because the cost of raw materials has increased. Eventually, the product’s MRP will be revised to absorb the total effect.
Meanwhile, the government has also taken some steps to control and cap the price of some critical medicines, salts & compounds. This will result in a loss of 2% to 3% for the pharmaceutical manufacturing and marketing companies, who now have to bear higher costs.
From the viewpoint of wholesalers and retailers, the earning margins may not drop immediately, and supplies will be stabilised soon. The bigger concern will be the inventory held by them, on which the new GST rates will apply, although these goods were bought at the older VAT rates. In this case, the distributors and retailers will lose about 3% to 4% on their entire inventory.
Will the GST impact on healthcare industry also influence medical tourism?
By October 2015, the medical tourism sector of India was estimated to have a value of US $3 billion. It was projected to grow to $7-$8 billion by 2020. A number of studies have shown that the cost of healthcare services in India combined with the travelling and accommodation costs is around 30% to 40% lesser than similar medical procedures in first world countries such as the US, Canada, Australia and most Western European countries. The boom in India’s medical tourism has helped to generate more returns for the healthcare industry.
The overall impact of GST on healthcare and medical tourism industry will be a mix of positives and negatives. The diagnostic services have not been burdened by the tax. There is also no tax on medical devices like hearing aids. However, a 5% GST rate has been applied on vaccines, cardiac stents, diagnostic test kits and dialysis equipment. The rate of GST for X-ray tubes, radiotherapy apparatus and surgical instruments will be 12% and for high-end medical equipment, an 18% tax rate will be applied. While patients located in India may end up paying a higher cost for some products and services, the medical tourism industry is expected to grow, as the comparative costs in a few other countries still give an advantage to India.
Yoga, meditation centres and organic living practices in India also attract tourists from other parts of the world. The country is a home to a myriad of alternative practices like Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha and Acupuncture, which are popular among medical tourists. These give an edge to India over Asian countries like UAE, Oman, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. However, the GST rate on Ayurvedic products has been raised to 12%. It attracted a levy of only about 5% in the pre-GST regime. This may impact the price of natural medicine products if the manufacturers decide to pass on the burden to customers. Visits to yoga classes will also be expensive, as it is yet another segment that has become taxable under GST.
Overall, the GST impact on healthcare and pharma industry is not fully established. The obvious benefit will be by way of reduced complexities and the consolidation of multiple taxes into a single rate. The negative impacts will be felt in the form of increased prices for customers and reduced margins for businesses in the supply chain. The GST Council is still deliberating over some reforms to alleviate the burden on the people affected.
Capital Float has been taking note of the changing conditions post the implementation of Goods and Services Tax on 01 July 2017. With the aim of promoting entrepreneurship in India, we maintain our convenient lending services to businesses in all the industries including the pharmaceutical and healthcare sector. We support the Make in India initiative and only happy to answer any query that you may have on the finance product that suits your business, loan interest rates and terms.
Oct 24, 2018
The Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) sector is of key importance to the Indian economy given that it employs the second largest workforce in the country after the agricultural sector.
Statistics offer a clearer picture. Accounting for 45% of industrial output and 40% of exports, the SME sector can be a significant driver of economic growth. SMEs also produces more than 8000 quality products for the Indian and international markets.
In recognition of their significant contribution, SMEs are receiving a welcome push from industrial associations and government bodies. Yet their biggest challenge continues to be business loan requirements. Lack of timely financial help wreaks havoc on the growth of small businesses. Funding, if not received at the right time is of no use. Often, SMEs are turned away by traditional banks for a number of reasons. Further, the inflexible and complex loan application and approval processes of conventional lenders are discouraging for most small enterprises.
Fortunately, change is in the offing. Thanks to the growing presence of FinTech lenders, small and medium enterprises have reason to cheer. Business loan requirements for two different companies can never be the same. Keeping this mind, online lenders like Capital Float have stepped in to offer a wide variety of customized loans for business in India.
Here is a quick look at the bouquet of flexible credit products that Capital Float provides to SMEs.
A quickly disbursed working capital loan, Term Finance is a great product for B2B service providers, manufacturers, traders and distributors alike. It helps fast-track business growth and boost profit margins. Term Finance is a convenient means to acquire fast business funding needed to meet your short-term requirements and ensure a positive monthly cash flow.
Online Seller Finance:
With the online selling space growing exponentially, there is an omnipresent demand for high liquidity. Our Online Seller Finance has made loans for businesses in India, especially e-commerce merchants, easily available. B2C and B2B marketplaces can get ahead of competition, expand to new markets and diversify into new product categories with the help of this customized credit solution. Attuned to your business ambitions, this collateral-free business funding ensures you have liquidity in the swiftest manner possible.
An innovative financial product, Pay Later is ideal for SMEs with increasing orders in the pipeline and need to make supplier payments regularly. It greatly benefits those that can avail large cash discounts from suppliers. Pay Later works well for an enterprise with a base of blue chip suppliers, too. Carrying a predefined credit capacity customized for every applicant, Our Pay Later credit facility helps a variety of SMEs in times of cash crunch.
Merchant Cash Advance:
A simple and user-friendly business funding solution, Merchant Cash Advance ensures you have access to liquidity as and when required. Most suitable for restaurateurs and retail store owners, your unique business loan requirements are met in the most affordable manner. Active use of card payment devices offers an easy experience to customers. Point-of-sale machines aren’t just means of cashless transactions; they can become instruments for availing working capital finance. Merchants who earn revenue from debit and credit card swipes can avail of business funding through this tailor-made financial product. We offer working capital finance up to 200% on the merchant’s sales from monthly card swipes. Capital Float has partnered with multiple point-of-sale (POS) card machine vendors such as MRL Posnet, Pine Labs, Bijlipay Mswipe, ICICI Merchant Services, etc. Partnering with these vendors helps merchants access their customized working capital solutions.
Supply Chain Finance:
Enterprises often need to work with multiple suppliers. Using bills as financial instruments then becomes a given. Delays in payment are likely to impact the growth of a business. Fully comprehending the importance of correct timing, Capital Float’s Supply Chain Finance has been designed to come to the aid of small and medium business owners. This unique loan product takes care of cash crunch situations through accounts receivable financing, which instantly liquidates the SMEs bills into cash. A revolutionary way to put more money into your business by collateralizing your business’ outstanding bills, Supply Chain Finance enables SMEs to procure an advance of up to 80% of their bill value.
India is witness to the recent boom in the radio taxi business. Finding an Ola taxi or an Uber cab is convenient and something one can do round the clock. Inspired by these success stories a number of people from diverse walks of life are looking at taking up work as drivers for tech-based taxi services. While it offers an easy means to earn a good income and hold a steady job, the taxi business needs basic investment in the tools of the trade— a car wired into a tech-based platform.
Taxi Finance, Capital Float’s innovative financial product, offers taxi drivers the freedom to earn more. With this loan, a taxi driver can now own a car, operate independently, and enjoy the benefit of flexible working hours. Capital Float has partnered with several reputed taxi aggregators to enable cab drivers to ply their cars on their platforms and substantially increase their revenue. The aggregator repays the loan installments by deducting the amount from the driver’s earnings on a weekly basis.
Taxi Finance offers a simple, affordable way to earn on the driver’s terms, providing easy business funding that is in stark contrast to business loans in India offered by traditional banking institutions.
Unique business loan requirements underline the need for tailor-made financial products. We have financial solutions that cater to any SME’s working capital need. Minimal documentation and zero-collateral are among the unique selling points of these business funding solutions. Additionally, easy eligibility criteria combined with no pre-closure or hidden charges make these funding options SME-friendly. With instant approvals and quick disbursal of business loans, it makes sense to choose from one of our many innovatively designed financial products.
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Oct 24, 2018
An organisation planning to apply for a business loan must be thoroughly aware of the general application process and the documents that need to be provided to the lender. Security is a top concern for any business today, and no enterprise will want to give copies of their ID and financial papers to questionable entities.
Even when they choose to borrow from familiar banks, the hassles of printing and photocopying documents, submitting them to a branch personally or through a reliable employee and then awaiting approval of their SME loan can be tedious. It discourages many MSMEs from approaching traditional financial institutions for funds. “How to get fastest business loan” while also following a secure procedure is a priority for SME and MSME borrowers.
Fortunately, the expectation of getting a quick business loan can now be fulfilled by FinTech lenders. These digitally active NBFCs have an abridged and systematic online application process, and funds on approved applications are provided in less than a week. Furthermore, they offer loans without requiring the borrowers to pledge any security.
FinTechs do need some documents to sanction any loan. However, businesses only need to submit the soft copies with their digital application. The primary documents required for an unsecured working capital loan or any other SME/MSME loan include:
KYC Documents of Business Owner(s) – PAN Card, passport copy or a copy of any other Photo ID that is recognised by the Government of India
Income Tax Returns (ITR) – The processed ITR document copies for the last two years
Goods and Service Tax (GST) Returns – Processed returns for the past year
Bank Statements – For the previous six months
For some particular loans taken to finance the operations of schools, medical clinics, restaurants, franchises, logistics companies and e-commerce sites, the FinTech lender may need documents specific to these verticals.
As an example, a Pvt Ltd company or LLP that seeks merchant cash finance based on the payments made through cards should also submit its card settlement statements for three months preceding the loan application. On the other hand, sole proprietors (Prop) running their own shops, salons or small restaurants can directly submit their KYC documents, IT returns, bank statements and papers that corroborate the identity of their business.
What then, about the security factor here? That indeed is important – a business loan application should only be sent from a secure website that encrypts all information loaded on its servers. FinTech companies with website domain having a lock symbol and https:// prefix are authentic lenders in the credit market.
If your business has been successfully running for almost three years, and you have been complying with the tax laws of India, your chances of fulfilling other eligibility requirements for an unsecured business loan by Capital Float are high. Just gather the soft copies of documents relevant to your enterprise, and by spending less than 15 minutes on the digital application, you can send a request for the loan. You will also be notified of the approval on the same day, and the funds reach your bank account in the next 72 hours.
To know more about our loan granting process, feel free to call at 1860 419 0999.
Oct 24, 2018