Written by BW CIOWorld
Capital Float is a digital platform that provides capital finance to SMEs in India. They offer short-term loans that can be used to purchase inventory, service new orders or optimize cash cycles. Vaibhav Singh, Associate Vice-President, Business Development, Capital Float, in a chat with BW CIOWorld shares some insights on e-commerce in India.
The e-commerce boom has birthed young entrepreneurs with limited transactional history that directly impacts their accessibility to credit. Capital Float has identified this opportunity and has launched new debt products to serve this rapidly growing segment. Most banks continue to implement underwriting models on online sellers which were originally designed to underwrite debt of offline sellers, argues Vaibhav.
“At Capital Float, we have built our underwriting model bottom-up based on evolving data and metrics to identify creditworthiness of online sellers. The approach is tailored to be more relevant to online businesses and offers more accurate results, says Vaibhav. Explosive growth in the e-commerce segment has overwhelmed traditional banking institutions and companies like us are able to share the burden of offering credit to unserved SMEs in the market.
E-Commerce platforms are attempting to standardize processes while increasing scope and scalability of existing sellers. This effort is likely to cause a churn in the seller e-community creating a metaphoric sieve through which sellers will be filtered. Consequently, the best performers will experience geometric growth, increasing competition between sellers in the space.
Building individual brand identity would be a challenge
The nature of the business fosters competition on the basis of pricing. In the attempt to offer best prices, sellers would be challenged to build their individual brand identity. Accessibility to credit through traditional channels will continue to remain a hurdle for e-commerce sellers in the foreseeable future, as conventional sources of credit begin to adapt to the dynamic capital environment. The fiery growth in the e-commerce segment can only be sustained if companies like us are able to share the burden of offering credit to unserved SMEs and ecommerce sellers in the market.
There will be a slow change in the mindset especially in a hitherto human-intensive space like lending. People have to become comfortable with trusting machines to do everything a man can do; stepping in only where expressly human traits of experience and intuition are needed, even if this means that at volumes approaching statistical significance, we let a few true-positives slip through in the interest of overall productivity. It’s about slowly giving up control and trusting technology to pick up the slack.
Algorithms and big data will drive eCommerce growth
Capital Float has used technology innovatively to ensure that seller in the ecommerce domain have access to collateral free working capital loans and enable business growth in a simple and efficient manner. Leveraging analytics, algorithms, big data and other disruptive technology trends to make lending decisions quickly based on verifiable data thereby ensuring efficient and fast turn-around time is the future. Technology has also enabled Capital Float to expand business faster and reach out and support the SME and seller community across India. The acceptance of new forms of technology would only fast forward the growth of facilities needed to continue the growth of ecommerce.
– See more at: http://bwcio.com/accelerating-the-growth-of-ecommerce-in-india/#sthash.zDdwY1Q3.dpuf
News piece sourced from BW CIO World. Read the full piece here
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The 2017 Union Budget underlined the significant role that Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play in the development of the country, in terms of industrial output, exports and generating employment. While SMEs contribute to the growth of the country, they face challenges in raising finances due to their size and their inability to provide adequate collateral.
Many SMEs have operational problems due to improper management and as a result, the lenders are wary about extending SME finance. To cover their risk, they charge higher rates of interest, insist on proper collateral, take extra efforts during due diligence, and even try to appoint their representative on the company board. Given the extra effort required when it comes to SME lending, traditional SME finance companies take a long time to disburse the loans.
Institutional route to SME finance
SME need loans to finance their working capital requirements. SME finance for working capital requirements traditionally starts with the establishment of cash credit, overdraft and working capital limits with the banks. SME finance is also required for purchasing assets and for expanding and scaling the business. For this purpose, term loans are secured from banks and SME finance companies for purchasing assets and for meeting other incidental expenses. Apart from these sources of finance, SMEs can also secure funds from the following traditional sources:
- Export credit to finance the pre-shipment and post-shipment export-related activities.
- Letters of Credit (LCs) and bank guarantees to facilitate trade and meet the performance and financial obligations.
- Bill discounting where bills of exchange which are covered by LCs or bank guarantees are discounted by banks, NBFCs or SME finance companies.
- Leasing where the banks, NBFCs or SME finance companies buy the asset on behalf of the SME and then lease it back to the SME.
- Factoring and securitisation where illiquid assets are used to secure advances from banks, NBFCs or SME finance companies.
- Venture capital investments from individual investors or companies.
Government impetus to SME lending
Recognising the issues faced by small businesses and their criticality to India’s development, the Government has initiated several measures to ease the credit availability for this segment.
- The finance minister has set the lending target for SME finance at Rs 2.44 lakh crore for 2017. In other words the directive ensures that banks and financial institutions will disburse loans to SMEs collectively worth Rs 2.44 lakh crore through this year.
- The Government’s Credit Guarantee Scheme (CGS) under the Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME), which secures the loans given by banks to SMEs, now has an increased outlay of Rs 2 crore from the earlier Rs 1 crore.
- The 2017 Union Budget infused Rs 10,000 crore of capital into state-owned lending institutions to promote SME lending.
- SMEs can continue to avail of loans under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, where SME finance is disbursed to small businesses as working capital loans or short-term loans. The amount ranges from Rs 50,000 to Rs 10 Lakh and no collateral is required as they are covered/secured by the CGS scheme.
Alternative SME finance channels
Rapid strides in technology are changing the banking and financial industry and several new channels of credit are emerging as viable alternatives for cash-strapped SMEs.
New age FinTech companies are using advanced technology to introduce new SME lending products that have quick and easy approval processes. Companies like Capital Float have made it easier to secure SME finance. Such new age SME finance companies have introduced online portals and mobile apps that can be used by SMEs to apply for and manage loans. They have simplified and shortened the loan approval process by using big data and analytics to evaluate loan applications.
New age SME finance companies like Capital Float have also introduced innovative financial products for customised SME lending. These new SME lending solutions include:
Collateral-free financing solutions: These are unsecured loans given by the SME finance companies to SMEs who cannot or do not want to provide any security. FinTech SME finance companies like Capital Float use technology to swiftly assess the credit-worthiness of the loan applicants and speed up disbursal so that a business owner can receive the loan amount in their account within 72 hours. Capital Float also has easy and flexible repayment terms which make the loan easier for SMEs to manage.
Merchant cash advances or credit card receivables: These unsecured loans or advances can be availed of by SMEs who use Point-of-Sale (PoS) terminals. The amount advanced is dependent on the monthly credit card sales generated on the point-of-sale machine.
Online seller finance: This is a working capital loan given to e-commerce vendors for managing their day-to-day operations and leveraging business opportunities.
Supply chain finance: In this kind of financing, the SME finance company liquidates the borrower’s invoices by paying up to 80% of the invoice value to the borrower.
Capital Float is one of the leading SME finance companies that uses FinTech to create SME-friendly credit options. It provides short term unsecured loans to SMEs, and a basket of customised financial products that cater to the needs of small entrepreneurs. These include online seller finance, supply chain finance, merchant cash advance, and Pay Later, which is a revolving credit facility.
Oct 24, 2018
Two of the main reasons why businesses face challenges are inadequate cash reserves and business finance. Whether the business is struggling or growing, effective cash flow management is absolutely essential and the key to business survival.
There is always a lag between the time a company pays its suppliers and employees and the time it collects payments from customers, which causes issues for the business to remain operational. Once businesses have used a lot of their finances, they may experience a cash crunch that prevents them from paying suppliers, buying materials and even paying salaries, which hinders business growth and success, since most companies usually lose the trust of suppliers and employees in such situations.
SMEs Need Smart Cash Flow Management
Cashflow is basically the movement of funds in and out of your business. Cashflow is called positive when the amount of cash entering into the business from sales, accounts receivables, etc., is more than the amount of the cash leaving your business through monthly expenses, accounts payable, employee salaries, etc. In the reverse situation, the cashflow would be considered negative.
To attain a smart cash-flow management, businesses need to think beyond just their profit or loss and focus on a positive cash flow, which is key for generating profits. Companies need to have enough cash reserves available all the time to pay their employees and suppliers so that production isn’t affected. Capital Float is a FinTech lending company fulfilling the business loan requirements of SMEs in India. We offer flexible, short-term loans that you can use to purchase inventory, service new orders or optimize cash cycles. Our online application procedure simplifies the application process and lowers the time required for approval. The loan amount is disbursed within 72 hours.
As mentioned previously in this blog, achieving positive cash flows is fundamentally important to the health of the business. Here are some ways in which you can effectively manage your cash flows, leading to higher profits and business growth.
7 Practical Ways to Ensure Effective Cash Flow Management
1.Collect Receivables: There are times when every business has to extend credit to customers, particularly when they are in the growing stage. When you speed up the receipt and processing of receivables, you will experience quick input of cash, further reducing credit cycles that inevitable lead to debt.
2.Opt for Short-Term Unsecured Loans: Short-term business loans, from FinTech lenders like Capital Float, are the best solution to overcome cash flow problems and meet immediate cash requirements. Unlike traditional lending institutions, which require extensive documentation to process a loan, these lenders use technology to make financing decisions. Applicants can avail a loan amount from Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 3 crores. If you decide to pay off the remaining balance of the loan earlier than decided, you won’t not be charged any prepayment penalty either.
3.Adopt Easy Modes of Payment: Try to get paid faster by using mobile payment solutions. Many companies, upon selling their products, provide services through which they receive payment on delivery via banking apps on smartphones or tablets with the use of a credit or debit card. In fact, businesses today are actively turning towards card payment devices, where these Point-of-Sale machines, other than offering cashless transactions, become the instruments for availing working capital finance through services like Capital’s Float Merchant Cash Advance.
4.Pay Later Finance: This financial product helps you make regular payments to replenish inventory and keep your business moving. Many a time, businessmen are presented with growth opportunities, but due to a cash crunch, they are unable to capitalize on such opportunities. Even when they try to, the informal lenders charge exorbitant rates of interest, coupled with other unreasonable demands, making it hard to borrow money from them. Pay Later is a predefined credit facility, unique to each applicant, from which the applicant can make multiple drawdowns. The facility can be restored following repayments, making the facility ready for further use. Interest is charged on the drawdowns and not the entire facility.
5.Online Seller Finance: Capital Float has partnered with the largest e-commerce platforms in the country, including Amazon, PayTM, Snapdeal, Myntra, Shopclues, eBay, etc., to help business owners access fast and flexible working capital loans for business operations in India. One of the unique features is that the loan is offered on the basis of the borrower’s monthly sales and projected revenue We use cutting-edge tech-integration, Big Data and decision sciences to assess the borrower’s business.
6.Discounts on Early Payments: Your profit margin might be effected when you offer your customers discounts upon early payment. However, it will surely help in your business’ cash flow management. Incentivizing customers will encourage them to make payments earlier than the billing cycle, which will be advantageous for your business.
7.Increase the Company’s Sales: This is indeed the most traditional method of increasing cash flow, but it might not always work. Try to attract new customers and sell additional goods or services to your existing customers. You should remember that while new customer acquisition increases sales, selling more to existing customers is cheaper and leads you to increase your profit margin, generating more cash.
Oct 24, 2018
The Digital SME
If you’ve been reading the papers over the last year, you must have come across the words ‘digital’ and ‘SME’ on almost a daily basis. From the the ‘Digital India’ initiative by the government to cut red-tape, bureaucracy and dare I say even corruption, to the KPMG-Snapdeal report on how going digital (or selling online) has helped SMEs increase their turnover and profitability, there’s a lot of excitement in India about SMEs going digital.
Over the past few months I’ve been asking myself a couple of questions:
- Do SMEs really understand what “going digital” means?
- Do SMEs know what are the benefits of going digital?
Going Digital: What does this really mean?
Depending on which report you read, SMEs can sell products online for prices between ₹1500- ₹3000. So does this mean the SME has now gone digital? I think not. This just means the SME now sells its products online and therefore has a greater reach, which to be honest is a great achievement in itself, but the SME still has to adopt technology internally for it to go truly digital. A modern digital SME is powered by solutions that are spread across multiple functions: From Customer Acquisition to Risk Management to Operational Efficiency to Enabling/Empowering Workforce. Adopting new age technological solutions internally will allow an SME to achieve scale and more importantly operational efficiency at a lower cost. Some of the largest start-ups have managed to scale globally because they have successfully done this. Firms like Practo, AirBnB and Uber for example, have successfully incorporated technology in their internal processes which has allowed them to grow globally at a rapid pace.
The rapid growth of technology has given SMEs:
- Access to Enabling Infrastructure through increasing device penetration and an enhancement in internet connectivity.
- Availability of economically feasible enterprise solutions and services along with a thriving mobile applications (apps) ecosystem.
- Customers who have adopted technology and ecosystems that are allowing this adoption through key initiatives.
Going Digital: Key Benefits
4 areas are likely to be directly benefited if SMEs adopt technology:
A) Customer Acquisition
Technology can be leveraged to access clients in distant geographies and create a greater visibility among target segments. Personalisation in engagement and customer relationships, for both new and existing clients, can be managed in a more efficient manner. The immense data that is captured using technology will allow SMEs to develop customer intelligence which will then allow them to optimize sales and engage with various ecosystems to open new sales channels.
B) Operational Efficiency
Automation and streamlining of core processes will allow the SME to become more efficient, reduce wastage and utilize resources in an optimal manner. This will allow them to enhance the customer experience and optimize their supply chain management through better visibility and control over logistics. With efficient processes in place, SMEs will be able to choose suitable potential partnerships that will fit their internal processes and not cause any disruption,
C) Workforce Enablement
Technology can go a long way in identifying workforce shortfall and identifying key areas of skill development needed within the organisation. A number of digital tools are now available for employees to collaborate and for the SME to monitor employee productivity. Web based solutions for skill development and training for employees will help the SME ensure that employees are empowered with new tools and concepts on a regular basis
D) Risk Management
With use of technology comes the responsibility to protect the information the firm has gathered. Data Security becomes paramount for customer/employee data as well as the company’s financial information. Digital solutions for preventing such leaks would strengthen the organisation. Technology can also be used to safeguard and monitor physical assets through the use of surveillance, asset control and tracking solutions.
There has never been a better time for SMEs in India to “go digital” and leverage technology to incorporate financially feasible solutions.
|Akshay joined Capital Float after completing MBA from Judge Business School, University of Cambridge. Following 6 years with Deutsche Bank across various functions and geographies, he opened a French Italian bistro in India. At Deutsche Bank, Akshay worked across risk management, structuring derivative products, trading Indian government bonds and structuring and executing assets financing trades.
Akshay manages Capital Markets at Capital Float.
Oct 24, 2018