SMEs play a crucial role in the economic development of India. They contribute to 45% of the industrial output, 40% of the exports and 42% of the employment in the country. Although these enterprises are highly significant to the economy, they are regularly challenged by policies, laws and processes In recognition of this, the Union Budget 2017 gave start-ups and SMEs a lot to cheer about.
Increasing Financial Viability with a Lower Tax Burden
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley announced a reduction in corporate tax from 30% to 25% for SMEs with an annual turnover of less than ₹50 crores. Moreover, the presumptive tax rate for SMEs with an annual turnover of up to ₹2 crores has been lowered from 8% to 6%. Both these measures would increase the bottom-line of SMEs. These enterprises work on low profits, and their survival is often threatened by even minor fluctuations in the business. The enhanced financial viability would increase the survival rate of SMEs.
At the same time, Budget 2017 has tried to align with the broader objective of increased digitalization. The proposed reduction in presumptive tax is applicable only for a firm’s gross receipts that are received via digital transactions. Also, no cash transaction above ₹3 lakhs would be permitted going forward. Both these measures have been designed to increase transparency and widen the tax base through digitalization.
Much Needed Breaks
Start-ups need maximum support during their initial years. From the next fiscal year, start-ups would have to pay taxes for only three out of seven years, up from last year’s exemption limit of five years, if they recorded profits. This is a great opportunity for start-ups and the economy. While a huge percentage of start-ups fail, these enterprises are responsible for introducing the most innovative products and services. The tax break announced by the Finance Minister would give start-ups a better fighting chance of survival and encourage more innovative ideas to be executed well.
Loans, Financing & Funding
The Finance Minister doubled the lending target to ₹2.44 lakh crores for the next fiscal year, making more credit available to small businesses to finance their working capital needs. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had already announced, on December 31, an increase in government credit guarantees for SMEs from ₹1 crore to ₹2 crores.
The FIPB (Foreign Investment Promotion Board) is to be abolished in the upcoming fiscal year. This would significantly liberalize policy related to FDI (Foreign Direct Investment). This is expected to boost retail and ecommerce in the country. Mr. Jaitley mentioned that further FDI relaxations were under consideration.
Most traditional banks are unwilling to give loans to SMEs due to the fear of defaults. Tax concession on provisions for non-performing assets (NPAs) and capital infusion of ₹10,000 crores for state-owned lenders would make loans more accessible to SMEs.
To encourage more investments into start-ups, the condition of continuous holding of 51% voting rights has been relaxed for carrying forward of losses by start-ups, provided the founder remains invested in the business.
Building on Digital India
While saying the almost 125 lakh people had adopted the BHIM digital payment app, the Finance Minister announced two new schemes – cashback for merchants and referral bonus for individuals.
Aadhaar Pay, the merchant version of the Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS), is to be launched shortly. This app would enable consumers to make payments without using cards, e-wallets or even mobile phones, since the merchant’s device would be linked to an Aadhaar biometric reader. More than a billion people in India already have Aadhaar cards, and this system would make most financial transactions simple, fast and traceable. It would be a boon for raising loans, enabling fintech lenders to link repayment to payments received by the SME.
The government would be targeting ₹2500 crore digital transactions in FY18 through BHIM, Aadhaar Pay, IMPS and debit cards. The Finance Minister indicated that banks would have to introduce 10 lakh new point-of-sale (PoS) terminals by March and 20 lakh Aadhaar-based PoS terminals by September, allowing more digital transactions, which would enhance financial inclusion and transparency.
For the upcoming fiscal year, the Finance Minister announced a step-up in the total allocation for infrastructure development to an all-time high of ₹3.96 lakh crores, including increased allocations for railways, road and shipping. Infrastructural development eases a huge bottleneck faced by SMEs in transporting their goods to other regions in a timely and cost-effective manner. Better infrastructure would give confidence to SMEs to expand their markets farther and reduce wastage and spoilage during transportation.
Moreover, the roll out of GST (Goods and Services Tax), which the Finance Minister indicated was tracking as planned, would further increase the ease of doing business in other states.
An allocation of ₹10,000 crores towards the Bharat Net project was announced. This would increase access to high-speed broadband across India, facilitating communication and allowing SMEs to reach out to clients located in various corners of the country in a cost-efficient way. The geographic scale achieved will help SMEs to break physical boundaries and leverage bigger opportunities for growth.
The latest Union Budget comes as a respite for start-ups and SMEs. The strengthening of these businesses would play a critical role in India’s transition to becoming an economic superpower.
More Related Posts
“It takes money to make money.” We often hear this adage in the business world, and it does hold true. Even so, maintaining adequate cash reserves to meet the fixed and variable costs can be a real challenge, especially for start-ups and small businesses.
Most of the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) initiate operations with a low level of funds while simultaneously facing competition from established players and dealing with the challenges of seasonal cycles. Consequently, they may not be able to generate the estimated sales volumes.
Even if a venture is performing as per expectations, it may need to make additional investments to hire qualified experts, adopt new technologies and maintain larger stocks of materials/inventory for sustained progress. With experience, SMEs know that a cash cushion is necessary for both survival and growth. An Unsecured Business loan for Traders best offers this advantage.
There are multiple sources of an SME loan for small enterprises, and sincere business borrowers approach a financial institution only when they are confident about and can prove their venture’s ability to pay back in time. Nevertheless, a high number of applications get rejected because these borrowers are unable to pledge financial assets as collateral against a loan.
Not everyone owns huge property. New entrepreneurs often start their operations from rented premises and may not have any significant assets to hypothecate. A secured business loan for traders can also be denied if the lending institution does not deem a particular asset to be valuable enough for the funding.
What comes as a relief for business owners is the fact that an unsecured SME/MSME loan is a prominent option for finance, and it comes at significantly more customized terms.
As the digital revolution continues to transform the lending industry, the possibilities of quick funding have only increased for small businesses, and there is an array of SME loan products available to them. A digitally operating FinTech company offers term loans that can be used to buy new premises (shop/showroom/office) or expand the business to new locations. Entrepreneurs can also apply for a working capital loan to continually fuel operations in the low phases of the business cycle.
Moreover, FinTechs offer loan to buy stocks. This facility is particularly helpful for customer-facing ventures such as retail and restaurants.
What is common to all these FinTech credit products is that they are unsecured loans – they can be taken on short notice and without pledging any asset as collateral.
How to apply for a business loan for traders ?
A majority of new-age business managers now understand the lending models of FinTech companies. Those who are still unaware of the concept can always do a quick online search to comprehend it. In brief, a FinTech lending company typically is a non-banking financial company (NBFC) that uses digital technology to make financial solutions quicker to access.
A business loan for traders is highly sought by small enterprises. Any Pvt Ltd (private limited company), LLP (limited liability partnership firm) or Sole Prop (sole proprietary company) can approach FinTech lenders for unsecured business loans.
While the exact eligibility criterion differs as per the kind of SME loan applied for, the principal requirement is the operational business history of at least one year. Pursuant to the rules of the money market, this stipulation is necessary to show that the business owners are genuine and have been running the company for some time.
To qualify for the requested amount, a business with active operations should also show its commitment towards tax compliance. It should also have a precise idea of its loan requirements. This not only helps the borrowing organisation to increase its chances of getting an approval for the credit, but it also makes it convenient to choose the right type and term of the loan.
Anyone applying for a business loan for traders should understand the cost of the loan upfront. When a FinTech is approached for such an investment, this cost includes the interest rate and a nominal processing fee that is usually less than 2% of the borrowed amount.
The application process is entirely digital, and that makes it shorter than the overwhelming procedures of visiting a traditional lender, printing multiple copies of documents and then staying in suspense for weeks to get the required amount.
Applying for a loan from a digital platform takes less than 10 minutes, and the application formats are available on the secure website of the FinTech lender. The application form usually comprises of some basic questions to evaluate the eligibility of the business for a loan. These questions include years in operation, average annual/monthly revenue, tax payments and past credit history, if any. Digital uploads of the relevant documents support the information.
There is no waiting game when a business applies for a loan from a FinTech lending company. As soon as the application is submitted, its evaluation by customised algorithms begins, and it may then be sent for a quick manual review.
FinTechs notify the borrowers of the decision on the application on the same day. If the decision results in an approval, they disburse the total approved amount in the next 2-3 working days. The amount is credited directly to the business bank account, and the SME can withdraw the necessary sums to fund the operations/stock purchases as required.
How to pay back the borrowed amount ?
Most loans are paid through equated monthly instalments (EMIs), and the same method can be used to repay a FinTech SME loan. To make this process more convenient for their borrowers, some companies give them the flexibility to vary the instalment amount when required. As soon as the business records reflect better revenues than the estimations, it can pay off the loan in full and save the trouble of managing EMIs for the complete schedule. The prepayment penalty charged by a FinTech is still less than that of banks and traditional NBFCs.
Is your business facing a cash crunch? Do you want to move to the next level of growth or invest funds to start operations at a new location? Capital Float is a friendly FinTech lender that is trusted by businesses in multiple industries. From term loans and working capital loans to funds for specific domains such as medical practice and online selling, we provide an array of credit products tailored to the needs of business owners and self-employed professionals.
[maxbutton id=”6″ url=”https://safe.capitalfloat.com/cf/default/register?utm_source=blog&utm_medium=web” text=”Apply for Unsecured Trader loan” ]
To know all about the loan that you seek and the amount that you can borrow, feel free to call us at 1860 419 0999.
Oct 24, 2018
The authors Aman Bhargava and Akshay Sharma are Senior Vice President and Manager at Capital Float, respectively. Capital Float specialises in digital lending to MSMEs in India.
In this age of digital disruption where technology has made an impact across a number of service sectors — e.g. transportation (Uber), accommodation (Airbnb), retail (Amazon) etc.– finance is clearly no exception. Post the financial crisis, incumbent large financial institutions have been weathering a storm of increased capital requirements (i.e. reduced ability to lend) and increased regulatory costs whilst dealing with an erosion of public confidence.
Digital lending, a subset of digital finance, has been growing rapidly in several large economies in tandem with lending platforms (e.g. Lending Club in the US, Funding Circle in the UK, and Lufax in China). As terms such as peer to peer (P2P) and marketplace lending have come to dominate headlines, digital lending has begun to revolutionise the traditional lending business through the use of technology in order to reduce costs, underwritten with surrogate data points, and speeded up processes.
Lending — ripe for disruption
Lending itself consists of three key areas:
- (i) Origination (or customer acquisition)
- (ii) Underwriting (or credit assessment)
- (iii) Execution (including documentation, contract and flow of monies)
Conventional lending, especially in emerging economies, is an archaic process that is ripe for disruption in each of the above areas.
Traditionally, customer acquisition occurs via brokers or middlemen, underwriting is heavily collateral-based and execution is a tedious process requiring a lot of paperwork that usually stretches up to six weeks in duration. Furthermore, there is a fear of rejection, which in several cultures prevents a number of creditworthy borrowers from applying.
While the opportunity to disrupt traditional financial services is immense, it is important to understand the key drivers in this field. Like most sectors, it is imperative that governments put in place an ecosystem that can help and enable players to create these disruptions.
The three most important enablers for digital lending are:
1. Telecommunications and connectivity
The telecommunication sector has been pivotal in spurring the digital revolution globally. Creating networks that enable consumers to connect from computers, laptops and mobiles are the most basic requirements to kickstart a digital revolution.
From financial services to retailers, everybody depends on networks to provide a compelling online and mobile experience. Telecom operators must offer an integrated, multi-channel or omni-channel user experience: on the desktop, on mobile devices and in stores. The reach of such networks is essential for digital finance to succeed and penetrate new markets.
2. Technology and data
Technology, as one would expect, is at the heart of the digital revolution. Investments in technology by organisations have only been increasing over time.
Advances in digital technology have allowed services to reach a number of people, who had limited or no access earlier. If these advances have to continue, then increased capital investment in equipment and software is an absolute must. Encouraging companies to invest more in R&D, say, via tax incentives is crucial to penetrating the consumer base.
3. Regulations and policies
Post the financial crisis, increased regulations have forced large banks to reconsider their traditional methods, especially in light of additional balance sheet charges. This has opened up new markets globally.
Regulators in the West, particularly the UK followed by the US, have been proactive in allowing these markets to grow and challenge the traditional players. As the rest of the world cautiously opens up to this new space, digital finance players have thrived under flexible and friendly regulations.
It is imperative to encourage an atmosphere in which innovation in financial services and products offered to consumers is prevalent. While the need to be cautious post the 2008 crisis is justified, regulators should be careful not to stamp out truly innovative and disruptive ideas.
Digital finance — banking for the ‘unbanked’
A recent report by The Guardian, states that almost 500 million people across Southeast Asia still often turn to informal moneylenders to meet their everyday needs. Decisions requiring credit, such as expanding a business, buying a house or paying medical bills, are taken out of the hands of the so-called “unbanked”. Uninsured and with no savings, they are also less resilient to health problems, unemployment or a natural disaster.
Digital finance holds the key for financial inclusion, as nearly 50 per cent of the population in developing countries own mobile phones. The impact of digital lending in emerging economies goes beyond the traditional financial services offered. It also helps create additional jobs and acts as an economic stimulator.
A number of firms in Africa and Asia are using digital finance to tackle development challenges. Technological innovations, like mobile money, have acted as catalysts in providing a variety of financial services. Consumers at the bottom of the pyramid in several countries today are using mobile money to make payments for a wide range of services.
Apart from traditional services — such as credit, savings and financial education — consumers also enjoy access to money-transfer services, micro-loans and insurance.
How can we make this happen?
MSMEs (Micro Small and Medium Enterprises) also stand to gain substantially from digital lending. Apart from access to finances, electronic payment systems allow them to secure a diverse range of financial products and an opportunity to build a financial history. The importance of digital finance in building both credit history and transactional data of individuals and firms for lenders cannot be underestimated.
Close public-private cooperation is a key factor for this type of innovation to be taken to scale and enable people to live a more secured, empowered and included life. If approached wisely, it is possible for emerging economies to leapfrog developed nations in the adoption of these digital channels, and at the same time accelerate financial inclusion.
Article sourced from E27. Read the original article here.
Oct 24, 2018
An increasing number of businesses in India, even the smaller ones, are beginning to accept payments for their products and services via credit cards. The acceptance of credit card payments is not only convenient but also a boon for these units, as the same can be used to get short-term funding or advances from funding agencies. A merchant cash advance, as the name suggests, is a cash advance to merchants against their future credit card payment receivables.
Merchant cash advance is a relatively new form of funding in India for small businesses that need fast access to cash and have an established credit card transaction history. Widely used in the US and Canada for several years now, this type of lending is a convenient and easy method of raising funds. It’s not really a loan, rather an advance payment against the future income of a business. Merchant cash advance loans are an ideal solution for small businesses and entrepreneurs who lack adequate organized funding and often resort to borrowing from friends, family or unorganized lenders. They are emerging as an optimum solution for meeting the funding requirements of businesses with a regular income received via credit cards.
SMEs and Funding Options
A majority of the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) today operate with cash cycles of 60 days or more, but options for getting working capital finance are severely limited. Although the SME segment plays a key role in India’s economic growth, these enterprises suffer on account of inadequate funding options and thus resort to high interest loans from the informal segment.
Recent years have, however, witnessed the development of innovative products by non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) and micro lenders to fill the funding gap in the SME segment. Merchant cash advance is one such product that aims to help small businesses garner the necessary working capital by way of advances against the future income of a business.
Merchant Cash Advance: A Simple and Convenient Product
A merchant cash capital provider would give you a lump-sum amount, which is paid off automatically when they take a percentage of your daily credit card receipts. Since the repayment is linked to credit card receipts, this funding option is suitable for businesses that have a significant portion of their income via the credit card receipts. These include restaurant owners, online shopping sites, merchants and service providers.
The rate at which repayments are made or the retrieval rate can vary from 5% to 20% of the credit card receipts of a business. This retrieval rate is decided on the basis of the amount of advance, the quantum of sales via credit cards and the repayment period. Another important feature of this type of funding is that repayment begins immediately after the receipt of the funds with the total duration of the advance ranging between 180 and 360 days.
The amount of advance that a small business can get is determined by its average credit card sales. A merchant advance provider generally reviews your income inflow over the past six months to determine the advance amount that you can get. The funds provider generally ties up with the credit card payment processors with a predetermined percentage of the merchant’s credit card sales being transferred to the lender directly. The time taken to repay this advance is dependent on the percentage of credit card sales being given to the finance provider. The higher the percentage, the shorter is the time it would take to repay the advance.
Why Opt for a Merchant Cash Advance?
There are several reasons that make a merchant cash advance a preferred funding option for small businesses with high credit card transactions. These include:
1. Easy to Apply: It is very easy to apply for a merchant cash advance. All you need to do is to fill an online application form and upload the required supporting documents like your tax returns, bank account statements and credit card processing statements.
2. Quick Processing: Fund providers like Capital Float that rely heavily on cutting-edge technology take a decision within a few hours and deliver the funds within a few days. This is highly beneficial for businesses that require quick cash to cover unexpected business expenses.
3. Perfect Credit Score Not the Criteria: A merchant cash advance is sanctioned solely on the basis of the credit card receipts of a business and their consistency, without assigning too much importance paid to the credit score of an individual or business.
4. Unsecured Loans: A merchant cash advance is an unsecured loan that can be obtained without mortgaging any asset. No collateral is required and the focus is the future income.
5. Flexible Repayment: Since the repayment amount is a specific percentage of your credit card sales during a month, you are not overburdened or under pressure to pay more even during a lean period for your business or when your business is going through a rough patch and the sales are not up to the mark.
6. High Limits: Advance fund providers generally offer a higher borrowing limit than banks since they take their decisions on the basis of your future income.
7. No Impact on Credit Report: Since merchant cash capital is actually a sales transaction, it does not get reflected in the credit record of the business or the business owner.
A word of caution before you decide to take a merchant cash advance for funding your working capital needs. The cost of this type of funding may be higher than the loans taken from banks because the repayment is dependent on the factor rate of your advance. This factor rate is multiplied by the amount of advance to derive the total amount to be repaid. You can reap the benefits of merchant cash advance loans to fund your working capital needs by negotiating a lower holdback percentage. Although this will increase the repayment duration, it will help you minimize the cost.
Oct 24, 2018