Achieving growth is a dream for every business, more so if it is a small or medium enterprise. Who doesn’t like expanding their production and also the revenue of their business? While business expansion is necessary, one thing which is primarily required for business growth is finance (with acumen being the second important ingredient). How does one secure business finance?
Banks and financial institutions provide the solution – business loans.
Business loans are the perfect solutions to financing which enables business growth. Banks and financial institutions lend the much-required business finance in India to business enterprises. This finance comes in two variants – secured loans and unsecured loans. Do you know what they are and how they are different?
Secured business loans
Secured business loans are also called asset-backed loans. These loans are granted on the value of an asset which is pledged as collateral for the loan. These loans are risk-free from the lender’s perspective as in the case of default by the borrower, the asset which is pledged is possessed by the bank to fulfill the loan liability.
Unsecured business loans
Unsecured loans, on the contrary, do not require any collateral or security. The loan is granted on the repayment capacity of the business which is indicated by the enterprise’s creditworthiness. These loans are granted as short-term loans which also have short repayment tenure.
Difference between the two
Both secured and unsecured business loans are fundamentally different and their differences are as follows:
|Secured Loans||Unsecured Loans|
|They require a security against the value of the loan||These loans are granted without the requirement of any collateral|
|The interest rate is low||Interest rate is high|
|The amount of loan depends on the value of the asset pledged for the loan||The amount of loan depends on the repayment capacity and creditworthiness of the enterprise|
Do unsecured loans help in business growth?
Unsecured loans are very easily available and do not require any collateral. They thus have various advantages which make them an ideal solution for quick financing. But do such loans also enable business growth? Let’s find out:
No asset backing required
Secured loans are limiting in the sense that they require business assets to be pledged as collateral. Unsecured loans are easily available and they do not require any business assets to be secured. As such these loans are not restricting. If your business is small and does not have many assets, it becomes a problem to avail a secured loan. This hinders the growth of business. Unsecured loans, on the other hand, can be availed without any assets.
The quantum of loan is not limited
Suppose you require a loan worth Rs.50 lakhs but the value of assets which are to be pledged is limited to Rs.40 lakhs. Would you be able to acquire the desired loan? Secured loans allow loans limited to the value of the asset pledged. Even in this case, the total value of asset is not allowed as loan as a margin is retained by the lender. So, if you have an asset worth Rs.20 lakhs and want a loan of Rs.20 lakhs, you would be able to avail only 80% to 90% of the value of your asset (Rs.20 lakhs in this case) as loan (i.e. Rs.16 lakhs or Rs.18 lakhs). In case of unsecured loans, the loan is granted on the business potential and creditworthiness and not limited by the value of any asset. Thus, businesses can avail an unsecured loan as per their requirement for aiding growth.
Unsecured loans are easily available as the funds are sanctioned within days of the loan application being done. As such, these loans provide the necessary funding to businesses in a short span of time which can be used to increase business profitability and boost business growth. These loans come in handy when the business is poised to grow following a surge in demand. As the loan is easily available, high demand can be met by increasing production. High demand yields better revenue for the business and enables it to grow.
Ideal for young businesses
Businesses which are still in their nascent stage require funding to expand and grow. This funding can be easily secured through an unsecured loan as it does not require any collateral, which is hard to source for budding businesses. Thus, the growth of these young enterprises is dependent on unsecured business loans.
Unsecured business loans, therefore, play an important part in the growth of businesses. Though long term secured loans are essential for long-term finance, short-term unsecured loans help businesses meet their more immediate requirements, which has a direct bearing on their growth.
NBFCs offer unsecured business loans which are also called as business installment loans or term finance. This loan offers the following benefits to businesses:
1. A loan of Rs.1 lakh to Rs.1 crore can be availed by businesses for any of their requirements.
2. There are no hidden or additional charges under the loan. Applicants are required to pay only a small processing fee of 2% of the loan amount borrowed. Apart from this there are no foreclosure or part-prepayment charges incurred on the loan.
3. Certain NBFCs use customized credit criteria while underwriting customers. The credit offering is tailored as per the applicant’s requirement.
4. The loan is sanctioned within 3 days of successful application thus providing the funds at the earliest.
5. No collateral security is required for the loan.
6. Application for the loan can be done quickly through the online medium which reduces unnecessary hassles.
Unsecured loans sometimes prove to be that important source of funding without which businesses couldn’t have grown and achieved enhanced profitability. If you are also looking for a business loan for your business growth avail an unsecured loan today!
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Intimidated by the long-drawn process of getting a loan approved from conventional sources such as banks and traditional NBFCs, schools in India often discard the idea of borrowing funds for improvements on their campus. They try to make the most of their limited available funds, even if it means some degree of compromise on the quality of upgrades they had planned for the school.
Such an approach does not bring any benefits in the long term. In some cases, it may even backfire. For instance, if a school purchases low-quality furniture due to inadequate funds, which causes discomfort to students/staff using it for 6-7 hours every day, it may not only tarnish the school’s reputation but also cause serious health problems for the users.
What comes as a relief is that school loans are available on easy terms from FinTech companies that are essentially NBFCs but have a streamlined digital lending model for quick disbursal of funds. From a loan for buying school furniture to any other loan for school development, they can provide funds within a week of application receipt. The application needs to be substantiated by only the soft copies of a few documents verifying the credibility of the school.
So what are the benefits of leveraging a quick school loan from such a source? Does it lead to more profitability for the educational institution?
Here’s how the benefits of these loans unfold:
Enable improvements in infrastructure and purchase of new teaching equipment
FinTechs can provide a loan for school construction which helps the borrowing institution to divide students of the same class into different sections. With this, teachers can give more attention to each student, and the quality of teaching improves. The building structure can also be expanded when a school decides to admit more students or has to advance its existing classes to higher grades.
Schools can also take a loan for smart class facilities that are sought in every private school today and have become significant for a generation growing in the digital age. Other areas where a school loan can be used include furbishing of labs and computer rooms, purchase of games supplies and investment in vehicles for transportation services.
Invigorate interest in admissions
The most direct impact of bringing improvements in school facilities is a rise in the number of students who want to be a part of the institution. While senior students can understand the benefits of moving to an optimally planned school on their own, the parents of younger children who join an academy from kindergarten will also try to place their children in such a school. Provision of excellent facilities and keeping pace with new techniques that transform the learning environment is a natural incentive for more admissions in a school.
The good repute of a school can instantly attract students who move to the city due to their parents’ job transfers and have to find an educational institution in minimum time to avoid loss of studies in an ongoing academic session.
Collection of more fees
More admissions imply higher fee collection, and constant increase in this amount eventually leads to increased profitability for schools. A school loan taken to add new facilities and create better learning experiences has multiple benefits for schools that aim to be the leaders in delivering quality education services. Evidently, the increase in their earnings also helps them to repay the borrowed fund.
Whether you need a small loan for school furniture or up to Rs. 50 lakh to finance any development process in your school, Capital Float ensures that you get it most conveniently. Visit https://www.capitalfloat.com/school-finance to apply for your fund today.
Oct 24, 2018
Businesses need additional finances either for growth in terms of scale or for expansion into newer product categories, or for geographical expansion. Sometimes, additional finances are also required for day-to-day operations. Going the traditional route via banks and financial institutions may not always work, especially for small business that are still in the process of building up their brand and market presence. The merchant can also withdraw from his/ her working capital loan. But, if the working capital limits are reached, and if the bank is unwilling to extend more working capital, then the merchant has to look for funds from other sources.
Fortunately, a whole new option of loans based on card swipes at POS terminals offers a great alternative to traditional finance. “Merchant cash advance” is a form of finance where sales from card machines can be used to raise loans. Merchants who allow their customers to pay with a credit or debit card can avail of such credit advance. Merchant cash advance loans are repaid by the POS partner on behalf of the borrower as a percentage of every sale registered on the POS machine.
When merchants accept credit/debit cards as a form of payment, the cards are swiped on a point-of-sale (PoS) terminal. Once the card and the sale amount is verified, the transaction is completed by entering a PIN number. Such sales are actually credit sales as banks credit the sale amount on the next day, or as decided with the merchant, after they deduct transaction charges.
There are several reasons why merchant cash advance is a great alternative to banks and other traditional lenders. Apart from the lengthy process and paperwork, the terms of traditional credit are much tougher for small businesses that have just set out on their entrepreneurial journey or are about to move into an expansion phase. Here is a quick look at why merchant cash advance loans are a better option for SMEs:
No collateral required
Merchant Cash Advance is a completely unsecured loan. The borrower isn’t required to pledge their property or assets to avail themselves of the loan.
Quick, easy loan disbursal
Merchant cash advance loans are usually disbursed easily and quickly as the onus to repay the amount is with the bank that provides the PoS terminal. Thus, merchant cash advance companies have to only ensure the regularity of the sales and the commitment of the merchant to be in business for the duration of the loan.
The borrower can apply for the loan by using a mobile device or a desktop, as long as the device is connected to the internet. The documents required can be scanned and uploaded at the time of the application. The borrower isn’t required to visit our office. This hassle-free application process provides for a comfortable experience to the borrower.
As the onus to pay the instalment is with the provider of the PoS terminal, which is usually a bank, the merchant cash advance companies are reasonably assured of receiving repayments regularly, provided the merchant’s business has no issues. When the PoS terminal providers credit the merchant’s account with the proceeds of their credit card sales, they transfer a fixed percentage of these proceeds to merchant cash advance companies that have provided the merchant cash advance.
Flexibility of Repayment
The repayment of merchant cash advance loans can be pegged to the sales volumes. As a result, merchant can direct their PoS providers to pay less during low seasons. In the case of merchant cash advance loans, the merchants may also have the flexibility to structure their repayments to suit their ability to pay. Instead of making monthly repayments of the loan, they can opt to repay in weekly or fortnightly instalments as well.
Advance as a multiple of card sales
Merchant cash advance loans are ideal for merchants who have consistent credit/debit card sales. Merchant cash advance companies will first evaluate the credit worthiness of the merchant by verifying their past sales and business performance. Once merchant cash advance companies are satisfied, they will decide the basis of the loan advance and how much they can lend to the merchant. For example, Capital Float uses the monthly card settlement amount as the basis for deciding the loan amount. We lend up to 200% of the monthly sales made by the borrower from card swipes.
No pre-closure charges
Capital Float doesn’t charge the borrower any pre-closure charges if the borrower chooses to close the loan ahead of the agreed upon tenure. Additionally, we maintain complete transparency in fees and charges. The borrower is required to pay up to 2% of the loan amount as processing fees, while applying for the loan.
The usage of PoS terminals has significantly increased after the recent demonetization drive. The Government of India is pushing Indian banks to install PoS terminals so that the nation can progress towards becoming a cashless economy. With cashless transactions set to rise with card swipes and PoS machines, merchant cash advance loans will soon become a popular way of raising short-term funds to finance working capital requirements.
Capital Float is one of the few financial companies in India to offer merchant cash advance loans. We have already tied up with POS terminal vendors like Pine Labs, ICICI Merchant Services, Mswipe, MRL Posnet, Bijlipay, and more. We provide a merchant cash advance up to Rs. 1 crore for a convenient tenure of six months to one year.
Oct 24, 2018
India is all set to implement the Goods and Services Tax, or the GST, from July 1, 2017. The intent is to standardise the indirect taxation system in the country, related to the supplies and consumption of goods and services. The new regime is one of the biggest indirect tax reforms pan-India, and one that will directly affect both business owners and consumers to a marked degree. It is thus important to know the whats and hows of the GST rollout.
What is GST?
GST is a new system for indirect taxation. Under this, a new four-tier tax structure has been finalised. Goods and services will be taxed under the slabs of 5%, 12%, 18% or 28%. The highest slab is for luxury items and items such as tobacco. The Union Cabinet has passed four bills for four different categories of tax regimes under the GST, as follows:
Central GST Bill: Applies to the supply of goods and services by the Central government within the boundaries of a state.
Integrated GST Bill: Applies to the supply of goods and services between different states, carried out by the Central Government.
Union Territory GST Bill: Applies to the supply of goods and services in the Union Territories.
The Compensation Bill: An allied bill that will govern the provision of compensation for revenue losses brought on by GST implementation, over a period of five years from implementation.
These four bills together are set to change the tax norms in the country.
Advantages of GST
The GST will prove advantageous at both seller and consumer levels. According to our Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, GST has the potential to boost economic growth by as much as two percentage points. From a business perspective, a number of pros are evident.
Greater compliance: The GST implementation will be reinforced by a backbone of robust IT systems and processes. All taxpayer services will be available online, making tax compliance and operations simple and transparent.
Uniform tax rates: This will ensure that tax structures and rates are common across the country, and will consequently make cross-locational business easier and quicker.
Reduce overlap: Often, a single product, for example, a shirt, being sold is taxed at various stages. With VAT, excise duty and other taxes payable at different stages, payments often roll up to large numbers, posing a cost to the company. The GST will facilitate the removal of different layers of tax levies and will replace them with a single, clear interface.
Cost advantage: Under the GST practice, many local Central and State taxes will be subsumed. At the Central level, the Central Excise Duty, Additional Excise Duty, Service Tax, Countervailing Duty and Special Additional Customs Duty will be subsumed. At the State level, we will see the following getting subsumed: State Value Added Tax or Sales Tax, Entertainment Tax, Octroi, Purchase Tax, and Luxury Tax, to name a few. These measures will reduce the cost of manufactured goods or services, thereby increasing the competitiveness of Indian goods in an increasingly global market.
The end consumer also stands to benefit from the following:
Better tax clarity and planning: Often, consumers are not aware of the taxes that they pay on the purchased goods or services, either due to the confusion caused by multiple indirect taxes or because the tax component is not revealed in the selling price. Such taxes may mask the real cost. GST will help streamline this by having only one tax applied from manufacturer to consumer, enabling tax transparency.
Lesser tax burdens: A single rollout across the nation is bound to bring in efficiency gains. At the same time, a transparent tax process with fewer hidden taxes will help reduce taxes for most commodities, leading to better affordability for the consumer.
The next steps for businesses: Applying for GST
Every business that is currently registered under any existing tax regime has to compulsorily migrate to GST. If your business is not registered under any tax regime, then you have to register for GST only if your aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds a threshold limit of 20 lakhs liability for payment of tax (10 lakhs for North Eastern states).
If your business is happening inter-state or through e-commerce as an intermediary supplier, then registration is mandatory, even if this threshold limit is not reached. However, note that any casual taxable person or non-resident person is liable to register for GST even if they are not crossing the threshold limit.
Registration/ enrollment for GST is to be completed online under the GST Common Portal https://www.gst.gov.in/ for both taxpayers and businesses. This will be the platform for future filing of returns and tax payments. The government has also appointed GST Suvidha Providers to help with the process. There is no offline process for GST enrolment.
The enrolment is free. In order to log in for the first time into the portal, you must have your username and password that you would have received from the State VAT or Centre Tax Department (these are linked to your PAN). For further logins, create your username and password and begin the enrollment process.
These are the steps to follow for registration:
- Fill in Form GST REG-01-Part A, and key in the PAN number, mobile number and email address. The PAN will be verified online while the mobile number and email ID will be verified through the one-time password (OTP).
- The applicant will then receive an application reference number along with an acknowledgement of application through FORM GST REG-02.
- The applicant must fill the Form GST REG-01-Part B with the applicant’s reference number. The applicant must attach required documents: PAN card, documentation of company such as partnership deed, memorandum of association or incorporation certificate, proof of business such as rent agreement or electricity bill, cancelled cheque of company bank account in the account holder’s name, and proof of key authorised signatories such as list of directors or list of partners with their ID and address proof.
- If any additional information is required, the applicant will receive Form GST REG-03 as notification and must fill in and submit Form GST REG-04 within seven days.
- On submitting all details correctly, the application will be approved and the applicant will receive their registration certificate, called Form GST REG-06. However, if the application is rejected, Form GST REG-05 is sent to the applicant and they will be required to resubmit an application through Form GST REG-07, only if they need to deduct TDS or collect TCS.
This completes the registration process. It is followed by the issuance of a Provisional Registration Certificate (if approved), and thereafter, a final Registration Certificate that is expected to be issued within six months of the documents being verified by the GST authorities. Remember that different business verticals/locations need to be registered separately, as the registration certificate is generated separately for each.
Currently, the portal states that more than 60 lakh taxpayers have enrolled on the GST Portal between November 08, 2016 and April 30, 2017. Please note that the enrolment process has closed from May 1, 2017, and will reopen at a later date. Visit our GST blog to know more about GST and keep track of latest
Oct 24, 2018