Understanding Working Capital

Every small and medium sized enterprise requires a certain amount of working capital to ensure smooth business operations. Working capital is nothing but the equity or funds available to owners to meet their short-term financial commitments and expenditures. Calculated by subtracting the value of current liabilities from the current assets of a business, the available capital stands testimony to the financial health and efficiency of an enterprise, particularly in the short-term perspective.

There are various types of working capital such as fixed working capital, temporary working capital, gross and net working capital, etc. to name a few. Since it is the fundamental building block for any enterprise, working capital is a basic requirement that can never be compromised upon. This is why Working Capital Loans are regular finance products offered by any banking entity, and is the most demanded of loans by small, medium and large enterprises.

Benefits of Working Capital Loans

Working capital loans are short term financing options that are used to cover accounts payables, wages and investments on short term assets. SMEs whose business are reliant on seasonality or manufacturers who depend on traders can opt for these loans until their business picks up or they receive payments. Since working capital loans can be used as the SME deems fit and can be availed for shorter terms, they are extremely beneficial to resolve any immediate financial crunch. Moreover, since these loans are disbursed quickly with fewer documentation requirements, owners can be relatively stress-free regarding daily/monthly expenses of wages, purchases, infrastructure bills, etc. till they can keep their businesses afloat.

Types of Working Capital Loans

Though all businesses are eligible to get working capital loans, finance providers will require business owners to meet certain prerequisites or conditions, depending on the scale of their operations. Traditionally, a security deposit or guarantee is required of them, and the working capital loan offered by lending institutions will significantly depend on the enterprise’s credit repayment history, among other things. However, several NBFCs now provide unsecured loans after an analysis of the business’ books. New-age lenders are now comfortable with extending collateral-free working capital loans to SMEs and even micro businesses.

Some of the most common working capital loans available for businesses are:

1. Short Term Loans
These loans are disbursed at a fixed rate of interest for a fixed payment period, which is usually up to 12 months.

2. Bank Overdraft and Loan Facility
The availability and terms of this type of loan are wholly dependent on an enterprise’s relationship with the lender. For this type of loans, the rates of interest are usually one or two percent above the prime interest rate levied by the lender.

3. Account Receivable Loans
Being the most popular of working capital loans, account receivable loans are most sought out by SMEs. This type of finance is the best choice for businesses requiring equity to meet expenditures such as fulfilling a sales contract, investing in an asset, etc.

Features of a Working Capital Loan

There are several banks and NBFCs in India licensed to offer working capital loans to businesses.  Smart SMEs would thoroughly research parameters like loan tenures, rates of interest, repayment terms, security requirements, etc. before opting for a lender, as this choice will have a lasting impact on the way you conduct business and on larger credit needs in the future.

Loan Eligibility – The number of years the business has been in operation, your CIBIL score and annual business turnover are some factors that will affect the loan eligibility, amount, tenure and rate of interest charged on your working capital loan.

Availing the Loan
– Below are some points that an SME should know before entering into discussions with an NBFC for working capital loans.

1. Most working capital loans are offered for a 12-month tenure.
2. Depending on the loan amount, the scale of business and the kind of lender, an interest rate of 12-16% per annum will be charged on the loan amount.
3. Traditionally, lenders would require collateral from SMEs in return for providing a loan. Even today, some lenders need a guarantee to know that the business they are investing capital into is up and running and if the loan amount will be returned.
4. However, several NBFCs now offer collateral-free loans to help SMEs manage their short-term expenditures without compromising on business goals. But the terms and conditions of the NBFC will dictate the type of loan an SME can avail.
5. Remember, bankers and lenders use the working capital ratio as a quick way to determine a company’s financial health.

Documents & Other Prerequisites – An SME needs to furnish certain documents to confirm the intent of repayment or as a measure of security as per the NBFC’s bylaws. Another prerequisite that business houses may require is to be registered under The Company Act 2013 of India as either of the following:

1. sole proprietorship
2. partnership
3. private limited firm
4. public limited firm

KYC documents, ITR financial statements, VAT returns, etc. are some documents that you will be required to show or upload while applying for a loan.

Choosing a Lender – Since the future of a business, its longevity and its ability to operate efficiently could rest on the working capital loan and the relationship with the lender, it is advisable to choose a reputable lender. Look for lenders who offer simple online documentation, customized business loans and quick disbursal before proceeding with one. It is always safe to choose a well-known lender with a modern outlook and flexible conditions to ensure a seamless experience.

It is clear that a company’s balance sheet indicates the amount of working capital available. This capital, equity or funds meet the necessary day-to-day expenses of every organization and are crucial to an enterprise’s success. Though big businesses are more likely to keep aside abundant working capital to meet their expenditures, startups and SMEs can avail working capital loans to ensure that there are no gaps in meeting expenditures to keep their enterprises running smoothly.

Capital Float is a reputable digital lender with a deep understanding of the unique requirements of a business. Our loan packages are designed to fulfil every short term expense that you will come across.

More Related Posts

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GST Rates Revised for 27 Goods and 12 Services

GST Rate Revisions as on 6 October 2017

Good/Service Present GST Rate Revised GST Rate
Duty credit scrips 5%  Nil
Mangoes sliced dried  12%  5%
Khakra and plain chapati / roti
Namkeens other than those put up in unit container and, –
(a)bearing a registered brand name; or
(b) bearing a brand name on which an actionable claim or enforceable right in a court of law is available [other than those where any actionable claim or enforceable right in respect of such brand name has been foregone voluntarily
Ayurvedic, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy medicines, other than those bearing a brand name
Paper waste or scrap
Real Zari
Food preparations put up in unit containers and intended for free distribution to  economically  weaker sections of the society under a  programme duly approved by the Central Government or any State Government, subject to specified conditions  18%  5%
Plastic waste, parings or scrap
Rubber  waste, parings or scrap
Cullet or other waste or Scrap of Glass
Biomass briquettes
Hard Rubber waste or scrap 28% 5%
Sewing thread of manmade filaments, whether or not put up for retail sale  18%  12%
All synthetic filament yarn, such as nylon, polyester, acrylic, etc.
All artificial filament yarn, such as viscose rayon, cuprammonium
Sewing thread of manmade staple fibres
Yarn of manmade staple fibres
Poster Colour  28%  18%
Modelling paste for children amusement
All goods falling under heading 6802 [other than those of marble and granite or those which attract 12% GST]
Fittings for loose-leaf binders or files, letter clips, letter corners, paper clips, indexing tags and similar office articles, of base metal; staples in strips (for example, for offices, upholstery, packaging), of base metal
Plain Shaft Bearing
Parts suitable for use solely or principally with fixed Speed Diesel Engines of power not exceeding 15HP
Parts suitable for use solely or principally with power driven pumps primarily designed for handling water, namely, centrifugal pumps (horizontal and vertical), deep tube-well turbine pumps, submersible pumps, axial flow and mixed flow vertical pumps
E-Waste 28%/18% 5%
Imposing GST only on the net quantity of superior kerosene oil [SKO] retained for the manufacture of Linear Alkyl Benzene [LAB] 18% 18% (Clarification to be issued)

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Oct 24, 2018

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No Such Thing as Too Many Cooks

As an organization, we are out to ‘Break Limits’. We have arrived at the august club of ‘fastest growing financial services organizations’ in the shortest possible time, but that hasn’t been down to all work and no play. We have taken a ‘human first’ approach —we have a fun, personal side that we often tap into to unleash energies that are waiting to find expression.

At heart, an organisation is usually a reflection of its employees. People from different parts of the country, from different verticals and industries, come on board to join forces as a team, out to achieve common goals. What’s the secret sauce that binds them in this mission?

Capital Float Cookout

 

Capital Cookout - Chennai

India is a myriad mix of colours, culture, terrain, weather and of course food! It is not surprising that Indians are by nature great foodies and passionate food critics. Quality, taste and creativity are found in abundance, and bonding over food is in our DNA. Perhaps this was the reason why our people resources team decided to spice up life by organising a free-for-all cookout. Going by the results, they were well on target!

Held in Delhi and Chennai, the Capital Float Cookout was a food fiesta sprinkled with healthy doses of competition, cooperation, fun and, of course, food. Our Delhi office saw a “fireless cooking competition”, which involved 15 minutes of introduction, 45 minutes of cooking and 15 minutes of evaluation. It takes a lot of creativity and courage to cook up dishes that haven’t seen “fire”. The session in Chennai was colourful with a lot of variety. The Chennai office fielded five teams of seven members each and cooked up a storm of three to four dishes per team. The top three earned compliments, culinary fans and Amazon gift vouchers.

In all of this, a culture was created and seeded—a culture of camaraderie, fun, togetherness, friendship and cooperation.

Spirit of Fun and Togetherness

Capital Cookout - Delhi

 

Winners were not the only ones to stand out in these cookouts. What stood out was the fiercely competitive zest of the people trying to help their own competitors. What stood out was the happy backslapping among the teams and the sharing of food that was made for what was supposedly a “competition”.

Language barriers, functions, departments and designations all melted in the cooking pot, creating a cohesive team. And when a bunch of individuals come together as a team, there’s seldom any competition within. In the process, the team’s human side stands out—a sense of humour here; a deft salad chef there; an unexpected leader, musician and dancer. Interesting stories about each person emerge and amalgamate to create our unique culture – a culture of togetherness.

Moving forward, we will be organising the ‘cookout’ in various other office locations, beginning with Mumbai in a couple of weeks. This activity is surely going to stay, appeasing the palates of our team members and stirring a broth of excitement across the organization.

Oct 24, 2018

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Cashflow Management Tutorial for School Owners

Cashflow is the lifeblood of any organisation, including schools. Unlike most small and medium enterprises that have unstable revenue because of variations in customer purchases and seasonal cycles, schools are usually assured of a running income from the fees paid by the students each quarter. However, cashflow management is as serious a task for educational institutions as it is for any other business.

With the fee they receive, schools have to pay their teaching and administrative staff, maintain the campus, periodically purchase lab equipment, sports supplies, furniture and other items, and keep some reserves for unforeseen expenses. When money falls short of requirements, they may have to apply for loans from a school finance company. In addition to banks, FinTech organisations have stepped forward as significant providers of school finance in India.

Whether a school manages its operations with its earnings or takes the support of school finance, it is essential to handle the fund prudently. The following tips for cashflow management in schools can help the owners avoid severe financial constraints:

Anticipate future requirements: Will some students be leaving the school to change their board (CBSE, State Board, ISC, IGCSE) from the next academic year? Will you be hiring any new staff members? Does the school need to replace any furniture or teaching equipment? It is good to have a basic idea of such needs as they have an impact on your earnings and expenses. If you feel that the outflow of cash could be more than the inflow and reserve funds, it may be necessary to apply for school finance.

Make arrangements with vendors: If you have developed long-term relationships with the vendors who regularly supply lab materials, sports gear, canteen groceries and other provisions to your school, you can make occasional arrangements on payment terms. As an example, if your regular pay cycle from the receipt of invoice is 30 days, it can be extended to 45 days in a period when you are spending funds on additional works in the school.

Work to maximise cash inflows: With constant improvements in your education services, you can attract new students, which will have a positive impact on your earnings. Schools that have classes till Standard VIII but have a reasonably high strength of students can work with an education board to upgrade to Standard X or XII. To facilitate the construction of a new building and for additional campus amenities, you can apply for school finance by sending a quick digital application to a FinTech company. The revenue generated from fees paid by students in new upper classes will help you to pay off the borrowed amount and interest in small EMIs.

Stay connected to lenders: If despite your best efforts on cashflow management, money falls short of requirements, remember that funding for schools in India is available on easy terms from a FinTech school finance company. You can get a collateral-free loan, and you need to submit only the soft copies of eligibility proving documents when you choose a FinTech company as your lender.

Apply for Unsecured school loan

Capital Float is a friendly FinTech organisation providing school finance to recognised educational institutions that have functional classes till Grade VIII or above and collect a yearly fee of minimum Rs 75 lakh.

Oct 24, 2018