New entrepreneurs with pioneering business ideas primarily need finance to keep their operations running. Banks have encouraged the growth of small-scale industries in India since independence by granting loans to promising ventures. However, the demand for funds did not quite keep up with the supply, and this resulted in the emergence of non-banking finance companies (NBFCs). The NBFCs supported the trend of industrialisation by granting business finance to those who could not procure it from banks.
The digital technology revolution in the second decade of the 21st century has given rise to a new breed of NBFC companies – the FinTech (financial technology) lenders. Employing a new models of lending, a FinTech company uses data analytics and social media tools to evaluate the creditworthiness of borrowers.
If you have begun a new venture and are seeking a loan for business expansion, you may have wondered who will be a more suitable lender – a bank or a digital NBFC. While there is more of interdependence than competition between these two sectors, you as the borrower have the privilege to choose what suits your interests the best. The loan that are you are eligible for will also be based on your business credit history and the availability of documents in support of the application.
Mentioned below are the points that will matter in the decision-making process:
Flexibility of sending application: At present, banks in India do not work on Sundays, second and fourth Saturdays and on gazetted holidays. Because you need to visit a bank branch in person while applying for business finance, it implies that there will be days when you cannot expect the process to advance towards the disbursal of your loan. Conversely, digital NBFCs by their very nature of operational medium can be accessed for business finance any day, any time. Therefore, Even if you are completely occupied with work on week days, you can apply for the business loan on a Saturday or Sunday and can still avail the loan within a time period as short as 3 days.
Loan processing time: Usually, it takes a few weeks before you actually get the required credit through a bank loan. Most of the banks in the public sector have to follow stringent rules in verifying the credibility of business organisations before they release funds into their accounts.
If you have an urgent need for money and cannot afford to wait for long, an NBFC loan from a FinTech player will be a better option. The entire line of processes from the submission of application to the disbursal of funds is digital and is therefore far quicker.
Collateral requirement: For years, banks have been lending to both individuals and businesses based on collateral that has to be pledged for security. This could be a residential or commercial property, gold holdings or any other asset that can be liquidated in case the borrower is unable to pay off the loan in the stipulated period. Even if a public sector bank looks at the regular income earnings of the borrower, it still requires collateral for additional assurance of getting back the amount lent with interest.
On the other hand, the NBFCs in digital lending industry do not ask for such guarantees through assets. They offer their loans solely on the creditworthiness of the business, which is evaluated by its dealings in the past and expertise in the field. If you are reluctant to offer collateral or simply do not have anything substantial to pledge, a FinTech company will still be willing to grant business loans in India.
Years in business: When was your business established? How old is your venture? For how many years has your business been up and running? Traditional lending institutions like banks ordinarily ask such questions when you apply for a loan through them. Generally, banks in public and private sector lend to organisations that have been operational for 3 to 5 years. Even conventional NBFCs require about the same duration before they can approve an application for a business loan. Such conditions however cannot be fulfilled by many start-ups.
The digital NBFCs have come to the rescue of enterprising individuals by granting loan for business even if their establishment has just completed a minimum operational period A one-year-old organisation with a convincing success story can persuade a FinTech company for business finance.
Nature of operations: Digital technology and social media have given rise to enterprises that were unheard of even in the late 20th century. Online platforms today sell everything from groceries and clothes to jewellery and appliances. Tickets for airlines, rail, buses and even tables in restaurants & hotel rooms are booked with a few taps on your smartphone. There are hundreds of other great business ideas that need to be uncovered. Banks and other traditional lending agencies have not yet started offering credit in full-faith to ventures of an unconventional nature.
The good news is that digital NBFCs are willing to support this generation of businesses. The FinTech industry has been increasingly lending to e-commerce companies, digital marketing organisations and other projects that use technology innovatively. Thus, all of this encourages progress and allows talented entrepreneurs to contribute to the Make in India initiative.
Prepayment penalties: Nobody wants to be debt-ridden. When you take a personal or business loan, you also wish to pay it back as soon as possible. However, the lending policies of traditional sources of finance in India have been such that borrowers are penalised if they repay early. The banks earn through interest paid each month, and to maximise this, they grant loans for longer tenures. If you have windfall gains in business and want to pay off your debt early, you may be charged at least 5% of the loan amount as penalty. That may be quite disappointing for an astute businessperson.
The new-age NBFCs have eliminated this trouble. There are no preclosure penalties when you get business loan from a digitally operating FinTech lender. What is more, their flexible repayment options give you the liberty to pay without straining your business operations or affecting your personal funds.
If the case for borrowing from a FinTech company looks convincing and positive, you can be the next business to get a loan from Capital Float. With a set of thoughtfully segregated loan products, we will be happy to support your business in its journey towards higher levels of growth. To know more about how the online NBFC business loans in India can help you, visit our website www.capitalfloat.com.
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Going the entrepreneurial route is a tough decision to take. Several people contemplate it, but only a few take that leap. Starting a business may be very challenging, but what is even tougher is running a business.
Most small businesses are faced with liquidity crunches. They are required to make payments for raw materials, overheads and staff before their receivables become due. Such businesses have not earned the confidence to ask their suppliers for a lengthy credit period. On the other hand, their customers are able to demand 30, 60 or 90 days before the invoice becomes due.
In such a scenario, small businesses find themselves at the mercy of large banks to raise short-term loans. Here are some challenges that SMEs face while applying for a short term business loan.
Estimating the Money Required: If a business underestimates the amount of money required, it would find itself unable to implement projects, execute orders, retain employees and/or realize its expansion plans. On the other hand, if a business secures a loan amount that is significantly higher than its requirements, it would be taking on an interest burden that is not justified by its bottom-line. Taking the right amount of loan can help the SME adequately address the working capital need without having a surplus or lack of funds.
Applying to Traditional Banks: Most entrepreneurs do not have the funds to invest in their businesses and keep it running for a couple of years. Borrowing from friends and family can also be tricky or simply not an option. In such scenarios, small businesses often turn to traditional financial institutions to raise short-term loans. However, these loans have a very time consuming and complex application process. There is plenty of paperwork involved. The business has to present financials in a predetermined format with supporting documents and detailed projections.
Loan Approval: The process of loan approval can be long and complicated. Banks may take several months to even reject a loan application. Mostly, loans are provided only against collateral, which the business owner may not have. Even then, lenders would conduct a thorough analysis of the financial standing of the small business. The lenders would verify all the information provided by the applicant and this takes a long time, during which the liquidity problem of the business continues to worsen. Therefore, such loans may not even be a viable option for short-term, working capital requirements.
Repayment of Loans: Most short-term business loans from traditional financial institutions have a fixed repayment schedule that is in no way linked to the cycle of receivables of the small business. Moreover, they do not allow prepayment of loans. Thus, these businesses would need to continue to bear the interest rate burden, even if it has the funds to repay the loan.
Against the backdrop of these inherent problems with securing short-term finance, technology has helped offer relief from severe liquidity crunches. FinTech companies like Capital Float rely on cutting-edge technology to offer innovative products that are aligned to the requirements and nature of small businesses. Here are some points to keep in mind while applying for a short term business loan.
Easy Application Process: The application can be sent online via a form that takes around 10 minutes to be filled. The borrower can digitally upload all the required documents.
Fast Loan Approval: The use of powerful algorithms allows Capital Float to approve or reject an application within minutes. Thus, a small business does not need to wait for several months to receive a response. Once an application has been approved, the short-term business loan is disbursed within 72 hours.
No Collateral, No Guarantor: Loans offered by Capital Float do not require small businesses to put up any collateral. Unlike traditional lenders, there is no requirement of a guarantor to validate the loan request.
Loans Designed to Suit Their Purpose: Probably the best news is that the finance products offered by Capital Float take into account the specific requirements and nature of small businesses. For instance, the Term Finance product has been designed specifically for manufacturers, traders and distributors, while the Online Seller Finance product is perfect for businesses that operate on online marketplaces. The Taxi Finance product is meant for companies that are part of the booming radio taxi business in India. Merchant Cash Advance is a loan against card receivables and Supply Chain Finance is finance against invoices from blue-chip companies.
Repayment of Loans: The repayment of loans offered by Capital Float either be in correlation to the receivables of the business or may be in the form of flexible weekly instalments. Moreover, there are no pre-closure charges, like those applied by banks and other lending institutions.
Small-term business loans are a highly effective way to finance business cash needs. However, one needs to calculate the amount carefully and then identify the right financing institute and the right product. A small business needs to opt for customized products that suit their individual requirements and offer flexible repayment options. The innovative short-term finance options available today allow small businesses to continue their daily operations without disruption and gives these enterprises confidence to grow without apprehension.
Oct 24, 2018
The availability of working capital is probably the most critical aspect of running a business smoothly and successfully. Also known as the current capital, working capital basically refers to the cash available with an organization for managing its daily operations and is calculated by simply deducting the current liabilities of a business from its current assets.
Assets that can be easily converted into cash within a year or a business cycle are termed as current assets and include cash, accounts receivables, inventories and short-term prepaid expenses. Similarly, current liabilities are the ones that a business needs to pay off within a year or one business cycle and includes accounts payable, accrued liabilities, accrued income taxes and dividends payable.
If current assets are greater than current liabilities, the business has a positive working capital situation or extra cash to meet unexpected expenses. Conversely, if the current liabilities are more than the current assets, the business is said to have negative working capital and needs to take working capital business loans.
Adequate cash availability also allows a business to take care of newer opportunities that require quick infusion of funds. However, not all businesses have access to adequate funds to carry out their operations smoothly and often need working capital loans.
Working Capital: Need and Importance
Every business needs to maintain some working capital to continue its operations smoothly. The amount of liquid funds available with a business is a measure of its ability to meet its short-term obligations. It is also a reflection of a company’s operational efficiency. Here are some reasons why working capital is essential:
Smooth Running of Business: Funds are needed for the smooth working of day-to-day operations and spending on the purchase of raw materials, overhead expenses and payment of wages and salaries. Working capital enables an uninterrupted flow of production or provision of services.
Goodwill: Sufficient cash with a business means it is capable of making prompt and timely payments, which in turn enhances its goodwill.
Easy Loans: Banks and financial institutions prefer to lend to organizations with adequate working capital.
Ability to Deal with Unexpected Expenses: Adequate availability of funds prepares a business to meet any unexpected expenses or situations.
Working capital is often used to judge the financial health of a business. A positive working capital situation indicates that a business is capable of paying off all its short-term debts, operating expenses and salaries with some extra amount remaining for reinvestment. In contrast, negative working capital is a cause for concern. It hints that the business may not be able to pay off its creditors.
Need for Working Capital Finance
Many businesses do not have sufficient cash in hand or liquid assets like money in the current account to meet their daily operational expenses. This is where working capital finance comes to their rescue. Small retailers or merchants typically require capital to fund seasonal inventory buildup. Also, businesses that do not have stable revenues through the year may still need to maintain a specific amount of inventory to fulfill any sudden increase in demand for their products. Such units often require a working capital loan to pay wages or meet other expenses during lean periods or when they are servicing an order, and the receivables would become due only after order fulfilment.
A working capital business loan is a short-term finance option that is generally repaid in the period when sales are high and the company has surplus cash. A major benefit of such credit is that its terms is short, which allows a business to maintain full control of its operations. Such loans need to be sanctioned quickly, without a lengthy approval process. Working capital funding can be secured or unsecured, depending on the financial product or lender.
Determining Your Working Capital Needs
The proper assessment of working capital needs is an important part of efficient financial planning. It allows a business to plan well and arrange the necessary funds on time to ensure smooth functioning of daily operations. The amount of current or working capital required by a business may vary. It is dependent on the operating cycle, or the amount needed to pay suppliers, the amount of inventory held and the time taken to collect cash from customers. Also, this may change with changes in demand for its products and services.
The working capital requirements of a business can be calculated by subtracting the accounts payable from the sum of the inventories and accounts receivables. Businesses need to fill the working capital gap by using internally generated profits or external borrowings or a combination of the two.
In case of new units or startups, working capital refers to the amount of money to be borrowed to keep operations going until the business starts generating adequate revenues to cover its operational expenses. Calculating the amount required to carry on business in the initial few months when there are no or very little revenues challenging and often leads to businesses borrowing too much or too little. A business should look towards raising working capital loans that have a prepayment option, or the option to repay the loan before the term is over.
Raising Working Capital Business Loans
Financial institutions use two ratios – the current ratio and the quick ratio – to measure the financial health or liquidity of a business. The current ratio is obtained by dividing the value of current assets by the value of current liabilities. A ratio above one means the current assets are more than liabilities, which is viewed positively. The quick ratio measures the proportion of short term liquidity (current assets minus inventory) to the current liabilities of a business. It gives a good idea of the company’s ability to meet short-term expenses quickly.
Working capital business loans are granted after assessing a company’s liquidity and working capital needs.
Oct 24, 2018
The authors Aman Bhargava and Akshay Sharma are Senior Vice President and Manager at Capital Float, respectively. Capital Float specialises in digital lending to MSMEs in India.
In this age of digital disruption where technology has made an impact across a number of service sectors — e.g. transportation (Uber), accommodation (Airbnb), retail (Amazon) etc.– finance is clearly no exception. Post the financial crisis, incumbent large financial institutions have been weathering a storm of increased capital requirements (i.e. reduced ability to lend) and increased regulatory costs whilst dealing with an erosion of public confidence.
Digital lending, a subset of digital finance, has been growing rapidly in several large economies in tandem with lending platforms (e.g. Lending Club in the US, Funding Circle in the UK, and Lufax in China). As terms such as peer to peer (P2P) and marketplace lending have come to dominate headlines, digital lending has begun to revolutionise the traditional lending business through the use of technology in order to reduce costs, underwritten with surrogate data points, and speeded up processes.
Lending — ripe for disruption
Lending itself consists of three key areas:
- (i) Origination (or customer acquisition)
- (ii) Underwriting (or credit assessment)
- (iii) Execution (including documentation, contract and flow of monies)
Conventional lending, especially in emerging economies, is an archaic process that is ripe for disruption in each of the above areas.
Traditionally, customer acquisition occurs via brokers or middlemen, underwriting is heavily collateral-based and execution is a tedious process requiring a lot of paperwork that usually stretches up to six weeks in duration. Furthermore, there is a fear of rejection, which in several cultures prevents a number of creditworthy borrowers from applying.
While the opportunity to disrupt traditional financial services is immense, it is important to understand the key drivers in this field. Like most sectors, it is imperative that governments put in place an ecosystem that can help and enable players to create these disruptions.
The three most important enablers for digital lending are:
1. Telecommunications and connectivity
The telecommunication sector has been pivotal in spurring the digital revolution globally. Creating networks that enable consumers to connect from computers, laptops and mobiles are the most basic requirements to kickstart a digital revolution.
From financial services to retailers, everybody depends on networks to provide a compelling online and mobile experience. Telecom operators must offer an integrated, multi-channel or omni-channel user experience: on the desktop, on mobile devices and in stores. The reach of such networks is essential for digital finance to succeed and penetrate new markets.
2. Technology and data
Technology, as one would expect, is at the heart of the digital revolution. Investments in technology by organisations have only been increasing over time.
Advances in digital technology have allowed services to reach a number of people, who had limited or no access earlier. If these advances have to continue, then increased capital investment in equipment and software is an absolute must. Encouraging companies to invest more in R&D, say, via tax incentives is crucial to penetrating the consumer base.
3. Regulations and policies
Post the financial crisis, increased regulations have forced large banks to reconsider their traditional methods, especially in light of additional balance sheet charges. This has opened up new markets globally.
Regulators in the West, particularly the UK followed by the US, have been proactive in allowing these markets to grow and challenge the traditional players. As the rest of the world cautiously opens up to this new space, digital finance players have thrived under flexible and friendly regulations.
It is imperative to encourage an atmosphere in which innovation in financial services and products offered to consumers is prevalent. While the need to be cautious post the 2008 crisis is justified, regulators should be careful not to stamp out truly innovative and disruptive ideas.
Digital finance — banking for the ‘unbanked’
A recent report by The Guardian, states that almost 500 million people across Southeast Asia still often turn to informal moneylenders to meet their everyday needs. Decisions requiring credit, such as expanding a business, buying a house or paying medical bills, are taken out of the hands of the so-called “unbanked”. Uninsured and with no savings, they are also less resilient to health problems, unemployment or a natural disaster.
Digital finance holds the key for financial inclusion, as nearly 50 per cent of the population in developing countries own mobile phones. The impact of digital lending in emerging economies goes beyond the traditional financial services offered. It also helps create additional jobs and acts as an economic stimulator.
A number of firms in Africa and Asia are using digital finance to tackle development challenges. Technological innovations, like mobile money, have acted as catalysts in providing a variety of financial services. Consumers at the bottom of the pyramid in several countries today are using mobile money to make payments for a wide range of services.
Apart from traditional services — such as credit, savings and financial education — consumers also enjoy access to money-transfer services, micro-loans and insurance.
How can we make this happen?
MSMEs (Micro Small and Medium Enterprises) also stand to gain substantially from digital lending. Apart from access to finances, electronic payment systems allow them to secure a diverse range of financial products and an opportunity to build a financial history. The importance of digital finance in building both credit history and transactional data of individuals and firms for lenders cannot be underestimated.
Close public-private cooperation is a key factor for this type of innovation to be taken to scale and enable people to live a more secured, empowered and included life. If approached wisely, it is possible for emerging economies to leapfrog developed nations in the adoption of these digital channels, and at the same time accelerate financial inclusion.
Article sourced from E27. Read the original article here.
Oct 24, 2018