With the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) from 01 July 2017, business units across the country are beginning to feel its impact. Since the GST has subsumed all other taxes, such as service tax, VAT, Octroi, excise duty etc. collected by the central and state governments in India, the reforms are extensive. Their impact too is comprehensive and is expected to continue well into the future.
Like all other industries in India, GST impact on logistics and supply chain will also bring some major changes in the way these domains operate, as well as their bookkeeping activities. Logistics is a small but major part of supply chain management that concerns the administration of goods distribution in an efficient manner. We will therefore initially look at the effect of GST on logistics and then see how it impacts the broader domain of supply chain management.
The logistics industry includes the road transport sector (comprising unorganised and small enterprises, trucking companies and other fleets), the storage and warehousing domain and the third-party logistics. The operational efficiency of this industry had been falling due to the complexity of networks, growing coordination costs across supply chains, inadequate infrastructure and the levying of entry fee in different states. In addition to these, the multitude of business taxes was making logistics management an unwieldy and expensive process.
Most firms had to establish hubs and transit points in several states to avoid the state value added tax (VAT) because the goods directly supplied to dealers were taxed as per the VAT rate, but the transfer from the warehouse was treated as a stock transfer and did not attract VAT. However, this only caused more problems in accounting and lack of clarity for companies, while also resulting in opportunities for tax evasion.
GST for logistics companies
With GST now having replaced the multiple state taxes, there is no longer the long-prevalent need to install a hub across all states. Companies can remodel their supply chains and consolidate their hub operations to benefit from large-scale operations. It will also help them to use efficient practices like bulk breaking and cross-docking through a centralised location.
Under GST, the tax on warehouse and services involving manual labour has increased to 18% from the previous tax rate of 15%. With this change, a third-party logistics company will have greater incentive to provide services where the degree of value addition is high and where input tax credit can be claimed. This, in turn, will help in the consolidation of storage and warehouse sector.
With the convenience of entry across states by measures like the e-way bill, transportation delays will be reduced, although it will also call for streamlined IT systems and readily usable documentation at the entry points. For the third-party logistics companies, the costs of designing a logistics network will be less, and asset-light firms will be able to adapt quickly and reap more advantages in comparison to asset-heavy firms.
Impact of GST on supply chain
Before we look at the GST impact on supply chain, it must be understood that supply chain management is vital for the running of business organisations producing and distributing merchandise. Each business has standards for inventory turnaround, and these must be diligently adhered to in order to ensure optimum profit for the organisation. A loss of inventory at any point will result in a loss of value.
Post the implementation of GST, the benefits accrued by entities in supply chain management mechanism include:
Customisation of supply chain – Under GST, manufacturers can shift towards tailored supply chain models as per customer requirements. The removal of stock transfer benefits can help in increasing the share of direct dispatches for medium and large-sized dealerships.
Superior inventory management – After the elimination of multiple state-level taxes in lieu of a uniform GST rate, the stock points have been optimised and channel inventories reduced. There will be fewer transit stays after GST, which will help in advancing lead times while also reducing inventory levels at stocking points. With more potential for consolidation, warehouse management can also become more efficient.
Tangential decrease in incoming logistics costs – An impact of GST on supply chain will also be seen in the form of tangential benefits for direct out-of-state procurements and logistics costs. This can help manufacturers to expand their vendor base outside state boundaries and alter the sourcing models profitably.
Cash flow management for export businesses – Due to GST, tax exclusion benefits will continue with minimum effect on the bottom line, and a streamlined tax system will help in promoting more exports.
Modified after-sales distribution models- Implementation of GST can significantly affect the spares market due to an increased need for storage and retail penetration. Forward-looking businesses can develop their distribution footprint to retreat from consignment stocking, and enable customised supply chain models while also offering high-quality service at lower costs.
Overall, the logistics and supply chain management industry has been touted as one of the primary beneficiaries of GST structure. To begin with, there will be more compliance and adjustment costs because the frequency of filing returns has increased for businesses. Further, to claim the input tax credit, compliance will be expected from every single party across the value chain. This may hurt the profitability of the industry in the short run, but in the long run, operational efficiency is bound to enhance.
At Capital Float, we take all steps to ensure that small and medium enterprises do not face any hurdles in procuring loans for their business expansion or to implement the changes that need to be implemented as a result of GST. We are also helping our clients – which include logistics and supply chain firms – to comprehend the clauses of GST and use it to maximum advantage in their operations. Read our dedicated GST blog series to know more about the implications of GST on various sectors.
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The hotel industry is one of the fastest growing domains in India, and, together with the travel segment, it was valued at $136.2 billion by the end of 2016. The implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST) will help the hotel and travel industry largely by bringing down costs for customers, consolidating the multiple taxes into a single tax value and decreasing transaction costs for concerned business owners. However, certain challenges accompany these outcomes as well.
A look at the conditions pre- and post-GST
Similar to other industries in India, there were multiple taxes applicable to hotel industry. These were chiefly in the form of value added tax (VAT), luxury tax and service tax. For a hotel, if a room’s tariff exceeded Rs 1000, the service tax liability was 15%. With an abatement of 40% allowed on the tariff value, the actual rate of service tax was brought down to 9%. The VAT that ranged between 12% and 14.5%, as well as the luxury tax, was applied over and above this.
The GST impact on hotels and travel industry
Under the GST regime, the hospitality domain gets the advantage of standardised and uniform tax rates. The utilisation of input tax credit (ITC) has also become simpler and better. Complimentary food (such as offer of breakfast with room) that was separately taxed under VAT will be taxed as a bundled service under the GST system.
As a positive effect of GST for hotels, the end cost to be paid by the final consumers will decrease, which will help to attract more tourists and push up the growth of businesses in this industry. Conversely, it will also increase the revenue collection of the government.
The tax rates under GST for hotel industry have been set as:
|Room Tariff Per Day||GST Rate|
|Less than Rs 1000||NIL|
|Rs 1000 – 2499||12%|
|Rs 2500 – 7499||18%|
|More than Rs 7500||28%|
Most hotels in India follow a dynamic pricing policy, where they decide upon the tariffs manually as per the number of tourists expected in a certain season. The tariff, therefore, keeps changing according to the demand and supply forces. Since the GST rates vary for different tariff levels, hotels have to ensure that their billing software also changes the tax rate as per the room tariff throughout the distribution channels comprising travel agencies and online aggregators. Making such changes in the billing systems could take some time.
Positive aspects of GST
The Goods and Services Tax has brought some relief for the hospitality industry through:
Ease of administration
With the implementation of GST, the multiple state and central taxes levied on the tariffs of hotels have been done away with. This has helped to trim down the burden of different procedures of tax application and has resulted in better streamlining of the entire process.
Less confusion for customers
Tourists staying in hotels and availing some special services were largely confused by the multiplicity of taxes in their bills. For most of them, it was difficult to understand the difference between VAT, service tax and luxury tax. Under the GST system, they will see only one consolidated tax on their invoice, which will give them a clearer picture of what they are paying in tariffs and what is the tax charged on them.
Enhanced quality of service
Many tourists and hotel guests have had the cumbersome experience of waiting in the hotel lobby while their bill was being prepared. It often took longer to add the different tax components and prepare the final version of the bill to be paid by the customer. With GST, the managers have just one tax to calculate and that makes the checking-out process from hotels quicker and simpler.
Ease of using input tax credit
Entities in the hotel and travel industry can now easily claim and get input tax credit. They are entitled to get full ITC (input tax credit) on the inputs that they add. Due to the division of revenue between the centre and state governments, the multiple taxes paid before GST regime on inputs – like cleaning supplies, uncooked edibles for meals – could not be smoothly adjusted against the output. The calculation of ITC will be easier in the GST system.
Negative aspects of GST
The GST for travel industry and hotels also comes with its share of adverse impacts. With a taxation rate of 28%, the hotels charging tariffs over Rs 7500 are worst hit, as their final prices for customers will increase significantly.
Looking at the bigger picture, GST can hit the inflow of foreign tourists to India. Other Asian countries such as Japan and Singapore impose tax rates as low as 8% and 7% on their hotel and travel industry. This can become a big factor in making them more preferred tourist locations as compared to India.
Capital Float looks at GST for hotels and tourism as a mixture of simpler, smoother rules and seemingly higher costs & compliance. The trade associations of hotels and restaurants have been protesting for a lower tax rate of 5%, but it starts at 18% for a majority of them. The value of tourism industry in India is projected to grow by up to $280.5 billion in the next 10 years. How well the positive aspects of GST outweigh its negative effects is yet to be seen. Meanwhile, despite the challenges, the credit support for the development of new hotels and restaurants by an NBFC like Capital Float will continue to be consistent.
Oct 24, 2018
Plastic money has revolutionised the commercial world in the last two decades, both for consumers as well as business owners. With the recent demonetization, more customers are compelled to use cards to purchase goods and avail services. An increasing number of merchants are installing point-of-sale card machines to ensure that sales are unaffected. After all, a card swipe is undoubtedly quicker and more convenient than cash.
Now, the receipts of those card swipes can help you raise capital to expand your business operations. Whether you’re a retailer, restaurateur, or a small-to-medium business owner whose revenue comes primarily from credit and debit card sales, Capital Float’s ‘Merchant Cash Advance’ is a quick, hassle-free financing option to fund all your working capital needs.
With Merchant Cash Advance, you can receive up to 200% of your monthly sales from card payment machines. The repayment process is entirely hassle-free on your part. Your POS partner repays a percentage of your daily card sales on your behalf as instalment for the loan. The balance amount is paid to you on a daily basis. So, instead of being burdened by hefty fixed repayments every month, you pay an agreed-upon percentage of your daily credit/debit card sales, until the advance is paid in full.
- Loan amount of up to Rs. 1 cr
Traditional banks aren’t as generous when it comes to how much you can borrow. Add to that the piles of documentation and proofs of credit score that you need to submit, which only elongate the process. At Capital Float, on the other hand, you’re eligible for an advance of up to Rs. 1 cr, depending upon your monthly card settlement and ability to repay between a tenure of 6 months to a year.
- Loan tenure of 6 months to 1 year
Every line of business has different challenges and requirements. We understand the importance of providing flexible credit offerings that are tailored to your business need. You can avail Merchant Cash Advance for a period varying between six months to one year. If you have a short-term working capital need, a six-month long loan might be ideal. Similarly, if your need involves securing a larger loan and if you would like to spread out the repayment schedule, you could take the loan for a period of one year.
- Get up to 200% finance on your monthly card machine sales
With Merchant Cash Advance, you can receive up to 200% working capital finance on monthly sales from card machines. As more customers use debit and credit cards to shop, your sales from point-of-sale machines is likely to increase significantly. These sales records can help you avail quick finance that you could channel into running your business. Our sophisticated loan product opens a new avenue of formal financing for you, as you seek credit channels to leverage business opportunities.
- Cash-flow friendly daily repayments
Usually, small business loans have a fixed repayment plan, wherein, you pay the same amount every month based upon the agreed-upon interest rate. At Capital Float, you pay back as per your daily credit/debit sales. Take, for example, if the agreed upon repayment is 15% of your credit card receipts, we will deduct 15% in proportion to how much business you’ve done through the day, until the repayment is done in full.
- Get funding in 3 days
It’s a highly competitive business world, and in case a potential opportunity knocks on your door, the last thing you want to do is wait for the funds to reach you. One of the many USPs of Merchant Cash Advance is its potential for fast approval and disbursal. Through our data-driven competencies, we render a decision within hours and deliver funds to you within 72 hours, so that you waste no time in covering an unexpected business expense or capitalising on a lucrative business opportunity.
- Zero collateral
Traditional banks cover their risk by taking collateral form the borrower while giving a loan. Given the completely unsecured nature of Merchant Cash Advance, you don’t have to put any personal or business assets on the line. All we require is your banking documents for last 12 months, KYC documents, VAT returns for last six months and card settlement statements for 3 months prior to loan application.
- Simple and secure online process
Like many small business loans of this type, you can apply for an advance from wherever you are, as long as you have a computer or cell phone with an internet connection. The procedure is extremely simple, and takes a mere ten minutes of your time. All you need to do is fill out an application form, upload the necessary documentation. The process is designed to be convenient for you. We maintain strict security protocols, safeguarding your data at all times.
Eligibility and Documents
To qualify for a loan at Merchant Cash Advance, you must comply with the following parameters:
- Your business must have minimum operational history of 1 year
- Minimum turnover of ₹20,00,000
- Minimum card acceptance vintage of 6 months
- Minimum monthly card volume of ₹1,00,000
- Minimum of six settlements per month
- Your banking documents for last 12 months
- VAT returns for last six months prior to loan application
- Card settlement statements for 3 months prior to loan application. All acquirer banks, except American Express, are eligible.
- The company’s as well as the promoter’s KYC documents
Fees and Charges
At Capital Float, we conduct business in the most transparent manner. This means, you’re only obligated to pay a processing fee of up to 2% for the loan. There are no hidden or pre-closure penalties during or after your application procedure.
Oct 24, 2018