Adequate funding is a pre-requisite for any business. Whether a project is at its initial stage or in the development phase, it needs ample financial backing to keep up its growth momentum. However, finding adequate funding can be a challenging process despite the market now offering a wide range of alternatives to traditional sources of finance.
In their search for funding options, start-ups and small businesses often stand at crossroads where they must choose between secured and unsecured loans. On the surface, both look “equally attractive” with their respective advantages. Borrowers are frequently perplexed as to which should be their final choice.
It is therefore important to delve more deeply into these two broad categories of loans and compare their costs with the benefits they bring. Businesses must also be aware of their own financial situation to understand clearly which loan option they will be eligible for.
Let us first understand the basic concepts of secured and unsecured business loans in India.
A secured loan is always backed by assets. While applying for such a loan, the business must own something of measurable financial value, which can be offered as collateral to the lending institution. This could be an immovable property (a plot of land with or without construction), gold, a valuable investment portfolio, or any other asset that can be liquidated. Businesses can also extend their machinery, raw material or inventory stock as collateral.
The collateral has to be pledged to the lending institution. This implies that the lender will hold the title/deed to the collateral until the loan is fully paid off. However, the borrower retains the ownership of the asset and will continue to enjoy benefits accruing from it.
If the borrower fails to pay off the loan in the stipulated time, the lending institution has the right to take over the possession of the collateral and sell it to recover the outstanding debt amount. Typically, with secured loans, the end use of funds borrowed is pre-determined.
Advantages of secured loans
Borrowers are often lured to secured loans in the hope that they will be able to procure a larger loan amount than what unsecured loans can offer. The longer period available to pay back the borrowed sum is also a perceived advantage.
Another apparent benefit of these loans is the lower interest rate charged on them. This is based on the rationale of lesser risk involved, thanks to the collateral that can be sold off by the lender in case of payment defaults.
THE CAUTION – What must also be remembered is that some secured loans can have very high interest rates. There are financial agencies that charge the highest legal interest rate for business loans despite taking collateral from the borrower. Reading the fine print carefully is always recommended. In some cases, a low interest rate can also be a promotional or limited period offer that may be withdrawn after a few months.
In addition to non-banking financial companies (NBFCs), nationalised and private banks also offer secured loans to businesses, but the banking penetration in India is still low. This prevents several small and medium enterprises (SMEs) from obtaining a secured loan at a reasonable interest rate.
Another common disadvantage of secured loans is that the process of getting approval is longer and calls for more paperwork than an unsecured loan.
This brings us to the second business loan category.
An unsecured loan is not backed by any collateral. It allows the borrower to get funds without having to offer any asset as guarantee to the lending institution. Generally, unsecured business loans come with a fixed term and fixed rate of interest.
Unsecured loans are offered based on the credit worthiness of the borrower. For an enterprise, the eligibility can be gauged in terms of years in business, its annual turnover and the primary location (city) from which it operates.
The tenure of these loans is often shorter than the long-term loans granted by banks. Most nationalised and private banks approve loans for SMEs with a payback tenure of not less than one year. NBFCs can offer immediate loans for shorter periods. At Capital Float, unsecured small business loans are offered for a tenure of one to 12 months. This gives the borrower the advantage of securing quick funds for sudden needs. Once the project begins to reap returns, the business can pay off the loan and thus avoid paying interest for prolonged terms.
Advantages of unsecured loans
When a business requires only a small amount, an unsecured loan is a better alternative than a secured one, especially if the business does not want to expose its financial assets to the risk of repossession. Also, those companies that do not possess sufficiently valued assets for the amount they require can find easy access to working capital finance with unsecured business loans.
Such loans also act as a good source of funds for companies that are already trading. Since the loan is unsecured, the lenders decide upon its amount by simply assessing the trading position of the business. Background checks are performed on credit history, cash flow position, cash reserves and balance sheet.
Unsecured business loans are quicker to obtain than secured loans. We provide funds to our clients within 3 days once they submit the necessary documents and clear the eligibility criteria. As against this, private banks take more than two weeks in forwarding the grant, while public sector unit banks can take 4-6 weeks for the same.
If your business needs immediate financial support and you are hesitant to offer any collateral to the lender, unsecured business credit will work for your best interests. By choosing Capital Float as your trusted finance partner, you are assured of a quick digital process to submit your application. The entire loan disbursal process is completed in three simple steps, given below:
- Upload the minimum required documents on our website
- Receive approval in minutes if your paperwork makes the business eligible for loan
- Get the funds within next 72 hours
Do not let the long-drawn processes of conventional funding delay the pace of your venture’s development. In the digital age, unsecured corporate loans can conveniently help you accelerate your business growth.
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Oct 24, 2018
Achieving growth is a dream for every business, more so if it is a small or medium enterprise. Who doesn’t like expanding their production and also the revenue of their business? While business expansion is necessary, one thing which is primarily required for business growth is finance (with acumen being the second important ingredient). How does one secure business finance?
Banks and financial institutions provide the solution – business loans.
Business loans are the perfect solutions to financing which enables business growth. Banks and financial institutions lend the much-required business finance in India to business enterprises. This finance comes in two variants – secured loans and unsecured loans. Do you know what they are and how they are different?
Secured business loans
Secured business loans are also called asset-backed loans. These loans are granted on the value of an asset which is pledged as collateral for the loan. These loans are risk-free from the lender’s perspective as in the case of default by the borrower, the asset which is pledged is possessed by the bank to fulfill the loan liability.
Unsecured business loans
Unsecured loans, on the contrary, do not require any collateral or security. The loan is granted on the repayment capacity of the business which is indicated by the enterprise’s creditworthiness. These loans are granted as short-term loans which also have short repayment tenure.
Difference between the two
Both secured and unsecured business loans are fundamentally different and their differences are as follows:
|Secured Loans||Unsecured Loans|
|They require a security against the value of the loan||These loans are granted without the requirement of any collateral|
|The interest rate is low||Interest rate is high|
|The amount of loan depends on the value of the asset pledged for the loan||The amount of loan depends on the repayment capacity and creditworthiness of the enterprise|
Do unsecured loans help in business growth?
Unsecured loans are very easily available and do not require any collateral. They thus have various advantages which make them an ideal solution for quick financing. But do such loans also enable business growth? Let’s find out:
No asset backing required
Secured loans are limiting in the sense that they require business assets to be pledged as collateral. Unsecured loans are easily available and they do not require any business assets to be secured. As such these loans are not restricting. If your business is small and does not have many assets, it becomes a problem to avail a secured loan. This hinders the growth of business. Unsecured loans, on the other hand, can be availed without any assets.
The quantum of loan is not limited
Suppose you require a loan worth Rs.50 lakhs but the value of assets which are to be pledged is limited to Rs.40 lakhs. Would you be able to acquire the desired loan? Secured loans allow loans limited to the value of the asset pledged. Even in this case, the total value of asset is not allowed as loan as a margin is retained by the lender. So, if you have an asset worth Rs.20 lakhs and want a loan of Rs.20 lakhs, you would be able to avail only 80% to 90% of the value of your asset (Rs.20 lakhs in this case) as loan (i.e. Rs.16 lakhs or Rs.18 lakhs). In case of unsecured loans, the loan is granted on the business potential and creditworthiness and not limited by the value of any asset. Thus, businesses can avail an unsecured loan as per their requirement for aiding growth.
Unsecured loans are easily available as the funds are sanctioned within days of the loan application being done. As such, these loans provide the necessary funding to businesses in a short span of time which can be used to increase business profitability and boost business growth. These loans come in handy when the business is poised to grow following a surge in demand. As the loan is easily available, high demand can be met by increasing production. High demand yields better revenue for the business and enables it to grow.
Ideal for young businesses
Businesses which are still in their nascent stage require funding to expand and grow. This funding can be easily secured through an unsecured loan as it does not require any collateral, which is hard to source for budding businesses. Thus, the growth of these young enterprises is dependent on unsecured business loans.
Unsecured business loans, therefore, play an important part in the growth of businesses. Though long term secured loans are essential for long-term finance, short-term unsecured loans help businesses meet their more immediate requirements, which has a direct bearing on their growth.
NBFCs offer unsecured business loans which are also called as business installment loans or term finance. This loan offers the following benefits to businesses:
1. A loan of Rs.1 lakh to Rs.1 crore can be availed by businesses for any of their requirements.
2. There are no hidden or additional charges under the loan. Applicants are required to pay only a small processing fee of 2% of the loan amount borrowed. Apart from this there are no foreclosure or part-prepayment charges incurred on the loan.
3. Certain NBFCs use customized credit criteria while underwriting customers. The credit offering is tailored as per the applicant’s requirement.
4. The loan is sanctioned within 3 days of successful application thus providing the funds at the earliest.
5. No collateral security is required for the loan.
6. Application for the loan can be done quickly through the online medium which reduces unnecessary hassles.
Unsecured loans sometimes prove to be that important source of funding without which businesses couldn’t have grown and achieved enhanced profitability. If you are also looking for a business loan for your business growth avail an unsecured loan today!
Oct 24, 2018