The Union Budget for FY18-19 was much anticipated, owing to reasons more than one. The first full-fledged financial plan after the introduction of GST and the last one by the Narendra Modi-led government, the most significant event of the Indian financial year is over. With the national polls looming in, the Union Budget rolled out by finance minister Arun Jaitely was favourable towards agriculture, rural development, social infrastructure and digital transformation. However, international mobile phone companies, bond investors, equity servicing institutions and the defence sector are at the not-so-advantageous end of the spectrum. In general, this year’s Union Budget has been a shift from the typical stance of the government that all segments need equal attention.
An industry segment that sees clear growth opportunities is retail. Amidst public opinion that the budget had not mentioned the retail segment, the various provisions have subtle repercussions that will help widen the scope of consumption. Consequently, this will have a long-term impact on retailers, where they can reap benefits from consumers with a higher expendable income.
Here are the key provisions of the Union Budget for FY 18-19 that have relevant implications for retailers.
- Reduction in Corporate Tax
With regards to taxation, the budget has declared a reduction in corporate tax to 25% for companies with an annual turnover of up to Rs 250 crore. This accounts for almost 99% of the companies in India and would have an impact of Rs 7000 crore on government finances. As only 250 companies have a turnover above the threshold value, this is a significant reduction in terms of the business turnover cutoff of Rs 50 crore that had been announced in last year’s budget for the same tax bracket.
This move has resulted in a decrease in the tax burden for small and medium businesses, who can now use these additional funds to purchase inventory or machinery, expand their premises, hire new employees or for marketing activities. In case it does not cover your entire expenses, retailers can also avail easy business finance from digitally-enabled FinTech lenders who provide customized credit products like Merchant Cash Advance.
- Increased Investments in Digital India
Lack of investment in digital infrastructure by the government has always been a pain point that has deterred the productivity and development of startups and small businesses. This is especially true for the e-commerce sector, as rural India is the driving force behind its growth. This year alone, e-tailers recorded a three-fold increase in the number of shoppers in small towns compared to metro cities.
Under the massive Rs 3,073 crore Digital India Program, over 5 lakh Wi-Fi hotspots will be set up to provide broadband access to 20 crore rural citizens in over 2,50,000 villages. This opens up an avenue for individuals in rural India to harness the Internet for trade, banking, logistics and even to avail formal finance from digital lenders. E-commerce retailers can use this opportunity to its fullest, as 55% of the 185 million active consumers are predicted to be from rural India by 2020.
- Changes in Personal Taxation
A welcome move for the salaried middle class, this budget proposed a standard deduction of Rs 40,000 for transport allowance and medical reimbursement. While this may seem irrelevant to retailers, the impact of this allowance does indeed affect them. As personal income increases, so does the disposable component. Consumer behavioral studies ascertain that the disposable income is equitable to spends on retail. Thus, the re-introduction of medical and travel benefits is a favourable budget impact on retailers.
- Refinancing for MSMEs
The micro, small and medium enterprise (MSME) sector plays a major role as India progresses towards becoming one of the biggest economies in the world. Despite contributing a staggering 15% to the country’s GDP with a high market share of 40% towards employment, these businesses have an unmet credit demand of $ 400 billion.
Acknowledging the fact, the budget declared an allocation of Rs 3794 crore to the MSME sector for credit support, capital and interest subsidy on innovation. With this reform in play, the refinancing policy and eligibility criteria under Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) program will be reviewed to encourage easier financing of MSMEs by NBFCs. This impact of the budget on retailers opens plenty of avenues avail formal source of finance in a timely manner.
A unique Aadhaar-like identity for each enterprise will also be implemented for streamlining business identity. This measure can further enable Fintech lenders like Capital Float to process eKYC of enterprises swiftly and offer working capital finance in a matter of seconds.
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There are several tools in the market that people could use to communicate, such as Email, Skype, Whatsapp, Messenger, HipChat, Slack, etc. How do you pick the right communication tool for your organization? And does it even matter which one you choose? One tool which is considered as the latest and greatest among tech startups is Slack: a chat tool designed for companies. We decided to give Slack a shot, and started using it late last year at Capital Float.
There isn’t one clear solution to choosing a chat engine for office communication, but we recommend companies give their communication channels some serious thought. Slack has features which make it distinctive from other popular tools like Skype and Whatsapp – we won’t go into that here, but do read up for more context. We’ve definitely witnessed a positive impact from using Slack.
Here are a few things a great chat tool like Slack can help you do:
1) Get things done faster
Chat enables real-time communication, and hence collaboration. Discussions can happen in real-time, rather than asynchronously over email threads. Scheduling meeting times becomes much simpler. Email communication reduces, freeing up productive time. Slack fits better into workflows: the mobile app enables people to respond on the go and great keyboard shortcuts on desktop app enable rapid usage. This leads to quicker action being taken resulting in faster decision-making.
2) Organize your information
Conversations on Slack become an archive of internal information. You can create a different “channel” for each group or topical discussion. Channels help keep discussions focused. Slack’s search feature makes it easy to find data across the medium, either by channel or by person. Files shared are compiled into a list. You can ‘star’ things for later and you can pin messages in conversations.
3) Enable people to focus on the right things at the right time
Having a separate company chat tool enables people to keep work and personal communication separate. Work related messages won’t get lost, and people will be less tempted to start replying to personal communication. On the flip side, people can choose when it’s important to tune in or out. Notifications can be customized by channel on Slack and also by time of day. People can schedule notifications to turn off in the evenings, but be notified on an urgent basis if needed. Essentially, people can focus on what they’re doing while at work, but also be engaged and plugged-in when they are with family and friends.
4) Have more control over user access
It is important to keep control of who can access company data – even conversations. You can create private channels which limited users can see, and also control what specific users can access (e.g. a consultant could be made a restricted user). With Slack, you can enable Google App login or other single sign-on (SSO) mechanisms, which has a couple of benefits. Firstly, people can add themselves without creating new accounts, and no one has to ‘add’ contacts. Secondly, it ensures your chat user list is synced to your user management. When someone leaves your company you just have to remove them in one place to ensure they no longer have access to company info.
5) Innovate, connect dots in your business, and have fun
Being a cutting-edge tech company, Slack constantly innovates and also enables innovation. Slack has integrated with many applications, enabling you to play around with a myriad of other tools your business may use. Do you use Zendesk? You could create a channel which gets notifications when a ticket is created. How about Google Hangouts? You could spin up a new Hangout link for a channel. Slack also provides API access which can allow you to create workflows even with your internal systems. Slack’s funky interface and other cool in-built features can prove useful (e.g. a bot that can remind you of stuff) or simply give you inspiration.
While we’re excited about Slack, we realize it isn’t a perfect solution. A few things to keep in mind: Slack may not quite work as well for companies with primarily external-facing communication, since it’s built for intra company conversations. Even if Slack does work for your organization, there are still kinks in the machinery with pertinent features missing from the module. Video/ voice calling can be initiated from Slack (e.g. you can create links for Google Hangouts), but this feature isn’t built into the system. And while Slack has a high uptime and reliable message delivery, for companies in India, Slack isn’t quite optimized for our existing infrastructure. When used over a flaky network, Slack can perform inconsistently while Whatsapp functions adequately.
If you do decide to go down the path of trying something like Slack out for your company (which you should!), be prepared to work initially on getting people to use it. Here are a few tactical ideas to help you get your colleagues on board: have a few champions for the product. Go for grassroots growth, not taking a top-down approach. Create shameless plugs via email with simple instructions. Create channels which people really need to be a part of, otherwise they’re missing out. Be patient, and be positive! You’ll soon see desired results!
Sakshi leads the investor facing product at Capital Float. Before that, she did product at KPCB backed Turo, a p2p car rental marketplace in SF. Her experience is in a mix of tech, design thinking, and strategy. She enjoys building delightful solutions to problems in traditional industries. At Stanford, she built her core foundation in CS, design, and economics. Beyond building products, she tries to sing and simultaneously play the piano, runs in Cubbon Park, and rolls out fresh pasta.
Sakshi is the Senior Product Manager at Capital Float.
Oct 24, 2018
The new Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a unified tax structure that was implemented by the Government of India on 1 July 2017. The new regime has ushered a significant change in taxation levels and rules associated with it. On an average, we see the tax slab increasing from 15% to 18% for most of the services. While this may translate to higher cost of services to the end consumer, GST also presents a whole lot of opportunities, pushing ease of business.
Services Sector in India: An Overview
India is a strong services-led economy with the sector generating a significant chunk of employment opportunities and contributing to the GDP. It contributed around 66.1% of India’s Gross Value Added (GVA) growth in 2015-16, is the biggest magnet for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and an important net foreign exchange earner. Some of the core areas of service are IT and ITES, banking and financial services, outsourcing, research and development, transportation, telecommunications, real estate and professional services.
Some of the positive impacts of GST on service providers are:
Clear distinction between goods and services: The old regime does not clearly distinguish between goods and services, leading to many instances of double taxation. For example, software is often treated as a good and as a service. The new regime clearly distinguishes goods from services, and also defines principal supply, composite supply, and mixed supply separately. For example, when an individual books a Rajdhani train ticket which includes meals, it involves a composite supply wherein the ticket and the meals cannot be sold separately. Since the transportation of the passenger is the principal supply, the rate of tax will only be charged on the ticket. Alternatively, for items that can be sold separately, but are sold together, like a hamper of snacks and aerated drinks, the rate of tax applicable on the higher product will be levied on the composite supply. There are also separate definitions for supply of software, works contracts, and leasing transactions to bring in more clarity and transparency on their taxation rules.
Streamlining of taxation for intra-state service providers: Due to the state level taxes being subsumed, it will become easier for service providers that operate within the state to know their tax obligations better. Such companies can move away from multiple tax calculations. For example, a CD with software incurs Excise, Service Tax, and VAT under the old regime; this is simplified to one unified rate under GST, making tax calculations and administration easier for intra-state service providers.
Input credit facility: VAT payment under the old regime was not eligible for setting off against output liabilities. The input credit facility is now made available to service providers as well, wherein tax paid on any inputs can be claimed and adjusted against tax paid on output. This will result in direct cost savings for service providers and may even offset the expected rise in end pricing. For example, an AC fitter who paid tax on the raw material for AC fittings (pipe, tape, solder etc.) will be able to claim that tax, and end up spending less on the cost of fitting the AC. This cost advantage can spill over to the customer as well.
Regularised return filing: The old service tax system required two half-yearly returns for services businesses. Under GST, this has been replaced by a number of returns provisions, depending on the type of taxpayer and the type of business:
|Return||Type of tax payer||Timeline of filing return|
|GSTR 1||For outward supplies of sale (for registered taxable person)||By 10th of the next month|
|GSTR 2||For inward supplies received by a taxpayer (for registered taxable person)||By 15th of the next month|
|GSTR 3||Monthly return for registered taxable person (except for Compounding Taxpayer)||By 20th of the next month|
|GSTR 4||Quarterly return for Compounding Taxpayer/Composition Supplier||By 18th of the next month|
|GSTR 5||Periodic return by Non-Resident Foreign Taxpayer||By 20th of the next month|
|GSTR 6||Return for Input Service Distributor (ISD)||By 13th of the month succeeding the quarter|
|GSTR 7||Return for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS)||By 10th of the next month|
|GSTR 8||Annual Return for e-commerce operator||By 10th of the next month|
While a shorter timeline for filing returns might seem overwhelming, regularisation in return filing will result in better streamlining of taxes. Since all these returns are required to be submitted online through a common portal provided by GSTN, the process is simplified and will help the government weed out regular defaulters. This in turn will result in a major boost in the contribution of the Service sector to the GDP.
Service providers, however, are concerned about the following aspects:
- State-wise registration will be required: In the old regime, a service provider could operate with a single place of registration, since services were taxed only by the Central government. For example, if an IT services provider was present across states, they could carry out tax and delivery transactions from the main location. However, now a service provider that is offering services across states must register each place of business separately in each state. This is because the new GST regime entails taxation of services at “location of service recipient”, which will differ for different states. This means service providers will need to register afresh in new states and then carry out tax transactions separately in each state. For example, an IT company like TCS that has a widespread presence across states will need to decentralise service delivery.
- Decentralised reporting will add to costs: Under GST, the “location of service recipient” is the key criterion for how a service will be taxed. Tax considerations will be related to the place the service is being delivered, and even a pan-India service provider with several “locations of service” will need to maintain state-wise records of input credit, audits, service consumption, etc. For example, earlier a service provider like TCS would enter into a single contract with the client, based on its main location, and then would discharge service tax based on the single-service tax registration model. GST will decentralise service delivery models, ensuring various TCS units adopt their own tax reporting and tax management. While this need for decentralised tax tracking and processing is an immediate cost to service providers, it presents a very real opportunity to streamline reporting and compliance measures for the future.
GST offers clear benefits to the services sector, and while some of these measures entail additional cost and effort in the short term, businesses can look forward to simpler operations with the new taxation laws.
All in all, services industries must gear up for better ways to manage business. Now is the time for them to equip themselves with the right people, processes and technologies, and emerge as service providers of the future.
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Oct 24, 2018
While dining at a restaurant, customers either settle the bill through cash or by using a credit or debit card. Similarly, online shopping also offers the advantage of choice of paying by cash or card. In both cases, apart from offering quality service and/or products, the customer experience is further enhanced when a merchant offers the convenience of choice. Keeping customer satisfaction in mind, the use of card payment devices has become a norm for modern-day businesses. After all, a business’ success largely depends on how happy its customers are. A well-run business attracts more customers and eventually ensures long-term gains. These include better profit margins, wider customer base, higher brand value, etc.
One of the key factors that makes all this possible for a business, regardless of its size, is working capital. A travel agency runs very differently from, let’s say, a flourishing B2B business. However, the need for access to quick finance is something they have in common. Given that swiping of credit or debit cards is fast becoming commonplace, businesses are waking up to the fact that they can utilize point-of-sale card machines to their advantage. In other words, they can use the cash flowing into their merchant account from card swipes to avail of merchant credit advance.
Merchant cash advance companies ensure a quicker and easy access to money. Turning to a conventional lender for working capital needs is not always possible for a small business, nor in most cases is it simple. This swings the spotlight on merchant cash advance loans. A tailor-made financial product, Capital Float’s merchant cash advance option has benefited several Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).
Our association with several point-of-sale card machine vendors like Mswipe, ICICI Merchant Services, Pine Labs, Bijlipay and MRL Posnet enables a wide range of merchants to obtain customized working capital solutions from us in the form of a merchant cash advance loan.
Approaching merchant cash advance companies like Capital Float makes sound sense for SMEs in search of quick access to funds. Here are 5 important reasons why SMEs should opt for merchant cash advance loans over other types.
1- Broader loan range: Capital Float’s merchant cash advance loan offers SMEs the flexibility of choosing the exact amount of capital they need. Addressing credit requirements ranging from as low as Rs. 1 lakh to as high as Rs. 3 crores, this is a customized financing option based on the monthly card settlement of a business. A merchant credit advance loan is an ideal solution for those who have consistent card inflows as well as short-term investment requirements.
2- Flexible loan tenure: Apart from offering the advantage of cashless transactions, point-of-sale machines can help speed up access to working capital. Capital Float’s merchant cash advance loan, based on card swipes comes with the benefit of flexible loan tenure. SMEs can opt for a 6-month or 12-month repayment term, making it easier to pay back the loan at their convenience.
Besides, payment to the merchant cash advance company varies directly with the merchant’s sales volumes. This means SMEs have the option of paying less during a low season. Additionally, with this innovative alternative, they need not pay monthly EMIs which are the norm in traditional small business loans; they can pay weekly or fortnightly installments too.
3-Get up to 200% of your monthly card settlement: Merchant credit advance loans work like a charm for retail businesses as well as restaurateurs. Given the high extent of card swipes in today’s digitized and connected world, one can receive financing up to 200% of monthly sales from card payment machines. Higher card swipes can mean a higher loan amount.
4- Apply anytime, anywhere: Typically, loan applications are a laborious process requiring several trips to the bank. But alternative financing options like merchant credit advance are anything but that. In fact, merchant cash advance companies offer a quick and hassle-free online application process, with forms that can be filled and uploaded anytime, from anywhere. The entire process of filling out an application form and submitting the required documents takes just 10 minutes. It is time to bid adieu to lengthy procedures and paperwork required for a conventional loan.
What’s more, at Capital Float we understand the value of quick access to credit. Meeting an unexpected business expense or leveraging a lucrative business opportunity can be a challenge for well-managed businesses. Utilizing innovative technology for speeding up loan approvals, Capital Float disburses merchant cash advance loans within 72 hours.
5. Simple pre-requisites: Merchant credit advance is something SMEs can easily apply and avail of. The prerequisites are simple and include the following qualifiers:
- Operational history of one year
- Minimum turnover of Rs 20,00,000
- Card acceptance vintage of six months
- Minimum monthly card volume of Rs 1,00,000
- Minimum of six settlements per month
Personalized and transparent
Capital Float fully comprehends the fact that loan products need to be customized according to the needs of a business. Therefore, going for a financing option like merchant cash advance loan makes sound sense. SMEs receive exactly what they are looking for in terms of working capital; and the merchant credit advance is convenient in terms of repayment.
Capital Float believes in conducting business in a transparent manner; we do not levy any kind of hidden charge whatsoever. There is no pre-closure penalty either — another advantage in the merchant cash advance loan. The borrower is only obligated to pay a processing fee of up to 2% of the loan.
Capital Float aims to remove financial barriers that stand between SMEs and growth by providing easy access to capital. Our merchant cash advance loans are a simple and secure means to bridge the credit gap that small businesses routinely face.
Oct 24, 2018