The health of any business, including a manufacturing organisation, is determined by its cash flow.
It is not uncommon for the expenses of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to exceed their income in the initial years. At times, they may have to price their products/services low to attract new buyers. The purchase of new equipment and quality raw materials can also increase the expenses for businesses.
Temporarily holding the operations is not a solution to cash flow problems because, with this recourse, the enterprise will not only suffer a revenue loss but also bear the burden of its fixed costs. These include amortisation, depreciation of assets, insurance premiums, property rent, taxes and utility bills.
A business that has planned to grow in its industry can keep fuelling its production processes and also invest in new manufacturing technologies by using an unsecured business loan for manufacturer.
As the name suggests, an unsecured SME loan does not require the borrowing entity to pledge any collateral. With a secure digital process, it is also easy to request for this funding.
How to apply for manufacturer/machinery loan
A FinTech company is one of the most favourable sources of an unsecured business loan for manufacturer. FinTech lenders often are non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) that use digital techniques to receive applications and disburse loan amounts in minimum time.
The advent of these organisations has made the credit industry more competitive. The start-ups that cannot afford to borrow from established banks due to high collateral requirements and other eligibility constraints find it easier to get an MSME loan from a FinTech firm.
All kinds of manufacturing concerns in India, including companies registered as a sole prop, partnership, LLP and Pvt Ltd can apply for these collateral-free loans.
Typically, a digital loan application available on the FinTech’s official website can be filled in less than 10 minutes from any secure Internet connection. To substantiate their credentials, the borrowers also need to upload the digital copies of ID proofs, PAN cards and the documents validating their business earnings. Such documents may be a balance sheet, recent profit and loss statement, the copies of processed income tax and GST returns and the papers comprising information on the ownership of the business.
Within minutes of the application submission, the FinTech sends its decision on the MSME/SME loan applied for, and if this is an approval, the approved loan amount is transferred to the bank account of the borrower in 2-3 business days.
Types of Business Loans for Manufacturers
An unsecured business loan for manufacturer could be a loan to buy machinery or working capital loan. The latter brings funds to finance day-to-day operations and for maintaining the current assets of the company at a higher level than the current liabilities.
An organisation can also borrow any amount – from a few lakhs to over a crore – to start a factory at a new location or to add more product lines to the business. In addition to these, FinTech companies can be approached for a loan to buy raw materials used in the production processes.
It is good to mention the exact purpose of the loan while filling the application because that helps to choose a customised loan product at the right rate of interest.
Understanding the Fee for Loan
While looking for loans online and making comparisons among the available options, prospective borrowers often check only the interest rates. Lured by a low interest rate, they also end up signing up for loans that later prove more expensive.
Some lenders do not mention the total fee of their loans clearly on websites and in brochures. It is talked about only in the Terms and Conditions in tiny letters, which is why it gets overlooked by borrowers. In applying for a raw materials/machinery loan, therefore, a manufacturer must also ask upfront about the loan processing fee, loan insurance premium if any, the involved legal cost, documentation fee and any other charge that would eventually drive up the repayment instalments of the loan.
Although the interest rate quoted by a FinTech company appears higher than the heavily advertised ‘low interest rates’, it makes for a better option. This is because in addition to their interest, FinTechs have a low processing fee of no more than 2% of the borrowed amount, and they do not levy additional charges such as insurance and documentation fee. A FinTech company can afford to do away with such amounts because most of its processes from application to loan disbursal are conducted online.
Ease of Repayment
Bank loans and funds lent by other conventional sources are usually paid in equated monthly instalments (EMIs). However, at times business borrowers including manufacturers can afford to pay back their borrowed sum sooner than the predetermined schedule. The flexible repayment options for an unsecured loan provided by a FinTech company make them suitable sources of such funding.
Conclusively, though making the final choice on a loan source is the prerogative of the borrower, the multiple benefits of unsecured loans put them in a more favourable position than secured loans. Why indeed would anyone want to bring in additional documentation and hypothecate their business assets when credit on easier terms is available from an alternative lender?
In the business of manufacturing, and particularly in the production of perishable items such as eatables that are usually undertaken by SMEs, time is money. Buying of machinery and required raw materials cannot be delayed even if the general cash flow is reduced at any point in time. The gap in cash reserves can be filled by an instant, unsecured loan.
At Capital Float, we have designed an array of unsecured loan products to suit the needs of manufacturers and other businesses. If you have felt the need to inject more funds into your operations, feel free to contact us for the financing that will serve your interests.
Our customer service reps will also answer any of your queries pertaining to your loan application.
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Interviewed by Kritika Prashant
Typically, choosing to finance the SMEs looking for working capital loans, is not easy. First, the SMEs have smaller ticket size. Then they expect quick service and have high operational costs associated with it. ProductNation interviewed Shashank Rijyasringa and Gaurav Hinduja who started Capital Float in early 2013, a digital finance company that serves the loan requirements of SMEs in India.
Shashank having worked with McKinsey and Bain, has a background in creating, and packaging financial instruments. Gaurav on the other hand had grown and sold his family business before they met at Stanford as classmates.
“We were looking to address financial inclusion. We observed how the fin-tech space was being disrupted in US and China, and saw the huge opportunity in India. With 48 million SMEs, second just to China, with 50 million, India needed lenders who would tailor their offering to the needs of the customers. The rate of interest by the banks was much higher than expected. Also, the loan disbursement ate up a lot of time. So this need was largely catered to by the informal sector”, says Gaurav.
Registered as an NBFC with RBI, they started with an instrument for invoice financing (building loan product against invoice of blue-chip companies). The duo gradually evolved their products to provide working capital loans for SMEs. They developed underwriting models which address the specific scenarios of the SMEs.
“There are 2 broad categories of sellers coming up on eCommerce portals. First are those who sell on platforms like Zovi and Myntra, where the sellers are also the manufacturers. Other category includes retailers who sell on sites like Snapdeal and Paytm. They generate a huge demand for loans available at short notice periods with minimum hassle. That is where we found our sweet spot”, shares Shashank.
Here are some experpts from the interview:
How did you overcome the problems of traditional lending?
SR: “Firstly, our experience came in handy. My in-depth knowldge of micro-financing, packaging and selling loan instrument meant we could build the right services. Gaurav with his experience of running a business out of India, knew how to deliver the services we wanted to build.
Secondly, we met with our customers to understand what their problems really were. To a small business owner, every hour spent off the floor is an hour wasted. We came up with innovative methods like allowing same day approvals and providing loan facility over phone and laptop. These businesses needed greater accessibility and straight-forward procedures. They wanted someone who could understand the value of their time.
Third, and definitely the most crucial point was that we adopted trial and error method. Like any startup, we didn’t know exactly how things would work. We were building our instruments in-house. So we had to fail fast and experiment quickly. With agile methodology, today, we can deliver new loan products in 2 weeks. A bank would take about an year to do the same.”
How is the policy environment evolving in India, with respect to your industry?
GH: “The Mudra banks for refinancing are a welcome move. With 950 million Aadhar numbers issued, allowing eKYC, is it much easier to issue loans. The Digital India initiative to create better internet connectivity will help us reach a much larger customer base.”
They are leveraging the Indian stack to refine their instruments and are growing with it.
How difficult is it to get payback of loans?
SR: “SMEs are the most financially aware and responsible segment, since they always manage their finances tightly. Also, our screening process mitigates high risk customers, allowing us to cater to the needs in minimum possible time frame. So that’s not much of an hassle.”
What would be the 3 lessons you have learned from your journey?
GH: “1. Perseverance – One needs to believe that the idea would work, when no one else knows if it will. It is important to stick to that optimism and keep trying to find the exact fit.
- Strong fundamentals – From the first day, the business needs to know where its money will come from. The cash flow should not be dependent on where one is, in the funding cycle.
- Rounded team – Build a great team if you want to build a great product. A strong team stands by you to make it possible.”
What would you say to the entrepreneurs starting up fresh out of college?
SR: “There is no right time to startup. Whenever you get passionate about a problem and see a large market for it, go for it. Here are my 3 tips:
- Address a big problem. If you go after a problem which is not so big, it may not be worth all the effort. India provides huge opportunities with really major problems that need to be addressed.
- Maintain discipline. Whatever you do, think big and build for the long term.
- Understand your responsibility. As you grow your team, you need to realise that families of your employees are getting dependent on you. It is essential that you take your decisions wisely.”
What are the mistakes you wish you did not make?
GH: “We were too slow in the start. We should have been aggressive, and believed in ourselves more. We thought people might not accept a technological solution. We have realized however, that technology has to lead the change in society. Invest in constantly being disruptive and you will definitely make a difference.”
News piece sourced from ProductNation. Read the full piece here.
Oct 24, 2018
The Union Budget for FY18-19 was much anticipated, owing to reasons more than one. The first full-fledged financial plan after the introduction of GST and the last one by the Narendra Modi-led government, the most significant event of the Indian financial year is over. With the national polls looming in, the Union Budget rolled out by finance minister Arun Jaitely was favourable towards agriculture, rural development, social infrastructure and digital transformation. However, international mobile phone companies, bond investors, equity servicing institutions and the defence sector are at the not-so-advantageous end of the spectrum. In general, this year’s Union Budget has been a shift from the typical stance of the government that all segments need equal attention.
An industry segment that sees clear growth opportunities is retail. Amidst public opinion that the budget had not mentioned the retail segment, the various provisions have subtle repercussions that will help widen the scope of consumption. Consequently, this will have a long-term impact on retailers, where they can reap benefits from consumers with a higher expendable income.
Here are the key provisions of the Union Budget for FY 18-19 that have relevant implications for retailers.
- Reduction in Corporate Tax
With regards to taxation, the budget has declared a reduction in corporate tax to 25% for companies with an annual turnover of up to Rs 250 crore. This accounts for almost 99% of the companies in India and would have an impact of Rs 7000 crore on government finances. As only 250 companies have a turnover above the threshold value, this is a significant reduction in terms of the business turnover cutoff of Rs 50 crore that had been announced in last year’s budget for the same tax bracket.
This move has resulted in a decrease in the tax burden for small and medium businesses, who can now use these additional funds to purchase inventory or machinery, expand their premises, hire new employees or for marketing activities. In case it does not cover your entire expenses, retailers can also avail easy business finance from digitally-enabled FinTech lenders who provide customized credit products like Merchant Cash Advance.
- Increased Investments in Digital India
Lack of investment in digital infrastructure by the government has always been a pain point that has deterred the productivity and development of startups and small businesses. This is especially true for the e-commerce sector, as rural India is the driving force behind its growth. This year alone, e-tailers recorded a three-fold increase in the number of shoppers in small towns compared to metro cities.
Under the massive Rs 3,073 crore Digital India Program, over 5 lakh Wi-Fi hotspots will be set up to provide broadband access to 20 crore rural citizens in over 2,50,000 villages. This opens up an avenue for individuals in rural India to harness the Internet for trade, banking, logistics and even to avail formal finance from digital lenders. E-commerce retailers can use this opportunity to its fullest, as 55% of the 185 million active consumers are predicted to be from rural India by 2020.
- Changes in Personal Taxation
A welcome move for the salaried middle class, this budget proposed a standard deduction of Rs 40,000 for transport allowance and medical reimbursement. While this may seem irrelevant to retailers, the impact of this allowance does indeed affect them. As personal income increases, so does the disposable component. Consumer behavioral studies ascertain that the disposable income is equitable to spends on retail. Thus, the re-introduction of medical and travel benefits is a favourable budget impact on retailers.
- Refinancing for MSMEs
The micro, small and medium enterprise (MSME) sector plays a major role as India progresses towards becoming one of the biggest economies in the world. Despite contributing a staggering 15% to the country’s GDP with a high market share of 40% towards employment, these businesses have an unmet credit demand of $ 400 billion.
Acknowledging the fact, the budget declared an allocation of Rs 3794 crore to the MSME sector for credit support, capital and interest subsidy on innovation. With this reform in play, the refinancing policy and eligibility criteria under Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) program will be reviewed to encourage easier financing of MSMEs by NBFCs. This impact of the budget on retailers opens plenty of avenues avail formal source of finance in a timely manner.
A unique Aadhaar-like identity for each enterprise will also be implemented for streamlining business identity. This measure can further enable Fintech lenders like Capital Float to process eKYC of enterprises swiftly and offer working capital finance in a matter of seconds.
Oct 24, 2018
Capital Float, the largest digital lender in India, has partnered with Payworld to provide kirana store owners with convenient financing options, enabling them to expand business operations. Small retailers are often underserved by traditional financial institutions because of their limited credit history. These retailers can now avail hassle-free working capital from Capital Float, which will help them manage inventory and cash flows with added scalability.
There are more than 12 million small retailers in India. Many of these businessmen put decision-making on hold because of traditional credit barriers. Through this partnership, Capital Float will provide small retailers with collateral-free loans, which will help to exponentially increase their capacity to do business on the Payworld platform. Once the loan is approved, the retailer can request for funds using the Capital Float mobile app and the funds are disbursed within 10 minutes.
“Due to the lack of established lending norms and consequent delay in financing activity, existing and new players in the retail space have lesser access to credit, which affects their growth and expansion plans”, said Gaurav Hinduja, Co-Founder, Capital Float. “With Payworld, we have simplified the lending process so that neighbourhood kirana stores are able to fulfil their financial needs and better service their customers,” he added.
With India becoming digital, Payworld helps customers in remote locations with limited access to electronic payment methods, perform daily transactions like booking bus tickets or paying mobile bills via Payworld’s network of retail points, which includes kirana stores. A proprietary algorithm developed by Capital Float uses non-traditional, surrogate data sources, including each retailer’s performance on the Payworld platform, to build a personalized credit profile and provide customized finance options to the retailer. In the long term, this will also develop an official credit profile for these retailers, thereby increasing their chances of availing credit products from traditional financiers.
“In keeping with our business philosophy of ‘Making Life Simple’, we have partnered with Capital Float to provide the retailers in our network the support they require to boost their business. This is critical in building retailer loyalty to our platform, giving them the confidence to increase the number of transactions, positively impacting revenues for them and us” said Praveen Dhabhai, COO , Payworld.
Click here to read the full press release on The Economic Times
Oct 24, 2018