Secured Vs Unsecured Business Loans: The Difference and How it Matters for SMEs

To sustain their business growth, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) sometimes need additional working capital, and the most direct way of getting it is to apply for a loan.

With business loans coming from banks, non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) and private money lenders, SMEs have multiple sources to get funding for their operations and expansion. However, these credit options have their pros and cons and should be understood to choose the most helpful alternative.

Secured vs Unsecured Business Loan

Most companies are familiar with the idea of a secured business loan that requires them to offer the lender some collateral as a security against the funding provided. The credit here is issued when the borrower hypothecates a financial asset to the lender. The hypothecation ends only when the entire principal, together with interest and any other associated charges, is fully paid off.

Banks and most other conventional sources of finance are more willing to offer secured loans because from the lender’s point of view, these carry less risk than unsecured funding.

The main advantage for a borrower taking a secured business loan is that the interest on such credit is lower since a guarantee of their asset backs the loan.

Conversely, the challenge is that lenders, particularly banks, accept only selective assets as collateral. They need to ascertain that such an asset can be liquidated in minimum time in case the lender defaults on payment. Due to this condition, many SMEs find it difficult to get secured loans. They may not have assets that are considered as relevant or sufficiently valuable by the lender.

An unsecured business loan, on the other hand, is granted without any collateral. A non-banking finance company with a digital lending model offers such loans based on the creditworthiness of borrowers. If a business has a successful operational history of at least one year, and there are no blots on its previous credit history, it is eligible to get its unsecured business loan from a digitally operating NBFC, also known as a FinTech company.

For an enterprise that has no collateral for business loans, it is natural to opt for an unsecured loan even though the interest charged on this is slightly higher than on secured loans. However, some FinTech companies have created additional benefits with their policies that make unsecured business loan better than secured loans on multiple fronts.

While looking at secured vs unsecured business loan, these are some of the advantages that make the latter more valuable for start-ups and SMEs:

  • An unsecured business loan is available for short terms – borrowers can take a working capital loan for a tenure of less than one year and thus avoid the burden of debt on long term.
  • A FinTech lending company usually has a fully digital application process for its unsecured loans – it takes less than 10 minutes to complete the application and the documents to verify the information therein can also be uploaded online.
  • The time taken to receive funds from a FinTech in the business bank account is less than a week – the application is usually reviewed on the same day when it is submitted, and, if approved, the sum is disbursed in the next 2-3 business days.
  • A loan processing fee of up to 2% and the interest rate are usually the only charges on a FinTech company’s unsecured business loan – the borrowers do not have to pay any documentation fee, loan insurance premium, legal fee and other hidden charges.
  • The repayment options are more flexible for unsecured loans issued by FinTechs – the borrowers can pay off the loan sooner than the predetermined schedule, and maybe charged a nominal pre-closure charge for making the payment.

For an SME that does not have financial assets to hypothecate and needs faster access to cash, will find unsecured business loan better than secured funding.

Here is a summarised view of the features for Secured Vs Unsecured Business Loan:

Secured Business loans from Institutional lenders Unsecured business loans from FinTech companies
Collateral required Backed by a financial asset for collateral No collateral / Security
Advertised interest rate (annual) Between 12% and 24% Between 18% and 24%
Loan processing fee >= 2% <= 2%
Extra charges May have extra charges for documentation, loan insurance and other statutory requirements No extra or hidden charges
Time to get funds into account 1 to 6 weeks 72 hours
Loan application process Digital and paper-based, document-intensive loan application Fully digitalised loan application and document submission
Repayment of loan Only through EMIs Flexible repayment options

Capital Float is a leading FinTech company that asks for no collateral for business loans. We have customised our loans for a variety of business purposes and working capital needs. Our short-term unsecured business loans are issued purely on the creditworthiness of the borrowers and the potential of an organisation to pay back in time. We evaluate every loan application within minutes of its submission to provide the decision on the same day.

[maxbutton id=”5″ url=”https://safe.capitalfloat.com/cf/default/register?utm_source=blog&utm_medium=web” text=”Apply for unsecured business loan” ]

 

If you have an attractive business opportunity to capitalise upon, do not put off your plans. Talk to a representative in our customer service team at 1860 419 0999 and avail yourself of the benefits of a loan without collateral.

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Small business owners often have to go an extra mile to ensure the consistent growth and success of their ventures. They must work hard in dealing with their customers and suppliers. They also need to come up with innovative ways to market their products and services. In their efforts to polish the customer-facing, technical and marketing aspects, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) often overlook the attention that their creditworthiness requires, which is vital to their chances of getting business loans.

If all goes well for the business and it is able to get a constant stream of customers, its position in the industry will be strengthened. This, in turn, opens doors for business finance from banks, conventional non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) and the new age NBFCs in the form of FinTech lenders. However, a few clever methods help in improving the prospects for business funding.

If you are an entrepreneur with a promising business idea that is backed by adequate possibilities for success, you must take it forward. To improve your chances of getting a loan for business expansion, here are the three points that you can pay heed to:

1- Make timely payments on your bills and clear outstanding credit 

Financial discipline is the key to success when you are managing a commercially motivated organisation. In business, you may have to make regular payments to your suppliers and vendors. These ought to be made on time.

With frequent delays on the payment of your outstanding invoices, you may hurt your prospects for being qualified for business loans. A late payment on bills can damage your financial records, particularly if it gets reported to business credit scores rating agencies such as CIBIL.

If you had missed a couple of payments, but later managed to catch up with the regular cycle, the delayed payments may have had some adverse impact on your credit ratings. However, the damage is not permanent. As credit scores are a reflection of activities over a period, it can take some time for the new data to set in and replace the older information. The credit score will gradually improve to reflect your eligibility for business finance.

The focus should be on making payments on bills before they are due. This is not only a good habit that will help your business get higher credit ratings, but will also improve your relationships with the suppliers and vendors. If you have severe financial constraints, you can use strategies such as invoice financing. (Link to relevant product page can be placed here)

In addition to the bills raised by entities dealing with your company, payments on credit cards and existing loans should also be made on time. Most importantly, keep all the receipts against payment safely in your records.

2- Use credit prudently

The FinTech revolution has given access to fast business loans and has made it convenient for SMEs to expand their presence in the market. If you can demonstrate the ability to use your loan for business wisely, it will only improve your business credit rating and will help you borrow bigger amounts in future.

Funds must be used for the purpose that was stated to procure them. If you have taken a loan for business activities – such as paying a vendor, buying raw material or inventory, refurbishing a storefront – it must be used accordingly. Do not use business finance for personal expenses. The mixing of personal funds with those for business can happen unknowingly at times, especially for start-ups and sole proprietorships, but the two should be separated as soon as possible. This helps in improving the credit history records considerably.

Another point to understand here is – if your business has credit accounts in good standing, but you barely use them, do not be tempted to close such accounts. They may come to the rescue of your business plans in future. What is more, the closure of any account trims down the total amount of credit that may be available for your company, and conversely, increases the ratio of credit utilisation stats – this change of numbers will negatively impact the credit score.

When the debt load is haphazardly scattered in multiple accounts, you should work on reordering it so that there are smaller balances on different accounts. Once you are able to make regular payments on them, it will gain you credit for paying off more than one outstanding balance.

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Avoid the risks that can affect your business credit scores. Some activities such as dealing with other companies of dubious nature not only harm your brand image, but also deter your business finance providers. Keep away from inherently risky operations that can cause financial stress in future.

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