A Complete Guide to Private School Loans for School Owners

As the number of schools continues to grow in India, the existing institutions must keep improving their standards to ensure that they have the facilities sought by students and their parents.

The methodologies of teaching today are significantly different from what they used to be two decades ago. In addition to well-ventilated classrooms, laboratories, library, spacious playgrounds and sports gear, the infrastructure of schools today also needs a host of audio-visual equipment and computer devices to provide quality education. At times, it is necessary to apply for school loans to finance the purchase of such school infrastructure components.

How to get loan for school

Loans for private schools can come from several sources including banks, non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) and private money lenders. From the construction of a new school building and renovation of old ones to the purchase of furniture, lab equipment and other devices, school loans are issued for a variety of purposes.

The flexible lending policies of digitally enabled NBFCs, also known as FinTech companies, have made it easier for schools to get quick loans at easy terms. Furthermore, these organisations do not need any collateral from their borrowers: this makes a high number of institutions eligible to apply for school loans.

Eligibility Factors

In India, a FinTech company’s loan for educational institutions is usually available to private schools that:

  • Have regular and fully functional classes from Lower Kindergarten to Class VIII/X/XII
  • Collect a total fee of more than Rs 75 lakh per annum
  • Have their school building on a self-owned property
  • Have promoters or trust to run the school

Schools that fulfil the criteria can borrow any sum up to Rs 50 lakhs for a term ranging between one and three years.

How to apply for FinTech school loans

In addition to being collateral-free, the easy application process of FinTech loans draws a majority of borrowers to this source of funds. You may need a loan for construction of school building, to buy audio-visual devices used in teaching or to bring other improvements to your institution. You can digitally request for the funding at any time from anywhere.

The application takes less than 15 minutes to be filled and needs to be substantiated by only soft copies of documents that verify your eligibility for the loan. These typically comprise:

  • Financial statements for the last two years
  • Bank statement for the last 12 months
  • KYC of at least two promoters
  • The fee structure for students
  • Remuneration structure for staff

Once the application is reviewed by the lending organisation and is approved for the loan, the requested amount is disbursed in less than a week.

Since you will fill the application and provide your details digitally, you have to ensure that the lender’s website domain begins with https: so that the information gets encrypted. Also, check the interest rate and loan processing fee to know your EMIs for repayments.

As a leading FinTech company in India, Capital Float issues loans for private schools in India at the simplest terms and disburses funds in only 2-3 business days for approved applications. We have no additional fee other than the interest rate and a loan processing charge of only up to 2%. To know more about our school loans, feel free to connect with us on 1860 419 0999.

Apply for Unsecured school loan

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Capital Float looks to expand to over 100 cities – Livemint

Capital Float plans expansion in over 100 cities as it bids to offer loans for small brick-and-mortar store owners for a bigger share of the growing financial lending market

Capital Float, which is currently focused on offering loans to small and medium merchants in Tier 1 and metro cities, is now looking to concentrate more on tier 2 and tier 3 cities.

Mumbai: SME lending platform Capital Float, run by Zen Lefin Pvt. Ltd, is looking to expand its reach to over 100 cities and venture into newer categories like loan for small brick-and-mortar store owners, as it eyes a bigger share of the growing financial lending market in the country.

“We are expecting a 10 times growth by the end of March 2017, adding 15,000-20,000 customers (borrowers) cumulatively across all the loan products segment,” said co-founder and managing director Sashank Rishyasringa.

The company has offered loans to 3,000 borrowers until now.

Founded in 2013 by Rishyasringa and Gaurav Hinduja, Capital Float has disbursed loans amounting to over Rs.400 crore.

A technology-led non-banking financial company (NBFC) underwrites unsecured loans online to start-ups, business-to-business (B2B) providers, manufacturers and e-commerce merchants through its own books.

It currently gets 33% of the business from online vendors.

With the aim of extending its focus to small mom-and-pop or kirana shops along with micro small and medium enterprises (SMEs), the company has already made a mobile application that approves loans in less than eight minutes.

Loans to kirana shops could be in the range of Rs.50,000-100,000.

India currently has minimal lending options for small businesses. These businesses are largely ineligible to receive any financing from banks or NBFCs.

Traditional banks ask for collateral, financial statements and bank statements and do not offer small ticket size loans.

Capital Float is trying to solve the problem by lending money to small businesses that might not have collateral, significant revenues or years of experience.

The company offers an alternative for these small traditional business houses that have largely banked on chit funds and local money lenders to borrow money from.

Identifying a need to extend credit to such under-served, Rata Tata, Vijay Kelkar (former finance secretary and chairman of the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy) and Nandan Nilekani (co-founder of Infosys Ltd and the architect of Aadhaar) will soon start a microfinance institution named Avanti Finance, Mint reported on Monday.

Capital Float, which is currently focused on offering loans to small and medium merchants in Tier 1 and metro cities, is now looking to concentrate more on tier 2 and tier 3 cities. “I expect a significant contribution of these cities (tier 2 and tier 3) to the company’s growth, which could be around 33% by next year,” Rishyasringa added.

The loan products currently include working capital finance to online sellers for 90-180 days, long-term finance to merchants for six months to three years, bill discounting and taxi financing (loans for cab drivers), among others.

Broadly, the company has partnered with e-commerce websites, payment gateways, cab services, amounting to 50 partnerships, including with Snapdeal, Shopclues, Paytm and Uber to offer loans to a large pool of small businesses and merchants who work with these partners.

The company is also eyeing profitability in the next 12 months on the back of a robust demand for loans by SMEs.

To enable faster disbursal of loans, the company launched its mobile application two to three months ago, which is privately available to businesses through partners.

While loan applications were initially accessible only through the website, Capital Float is now seeing that mobile application and mobile browsing has grown to contribute 50% of loan applications, said Rishyasringa.

The mobile application is built on four technology pillars of India Stack—Aadhaar-based authentication, an electronic process of know-your-customer (e-KYC), electronic signature (e-Sign) and unified payment interface (UPI).

India Stack is a set of publicly available application programming interface (API)—that enable companies to build applications and businesses based on these four pillars.

The fin-tech company receives a loan enquiry every three minutes, said Rishyasringa. An inquiry implies a prospective borrower initiating a loan application process.

While the company remains stringent in extending loans, by approving 20% of the applications, total loan disbursal amounts to an average of Rs.70 crore per month.

Additionally, the average loan amount extended to a merchant is Rs.10 lakh at an interest rate of 16-19%, for a tenure of between 60 days to 2-3 years. The company maintains and targets to continue to maintain a non-performing asset (NPA) proportion of less than 1% of its total loan amount.

NPA is the proportion of the amount of bad loans to the total amount of loan disbursed.

Backed by George Soros’s Aspada Investment Co., SAIF Partners and Sequoia Capital, the company has raised $42 million, including $25 million in series B round of funding in May.

Other players in this segment that Capital Float competes with are Capital First Ltd, NeoGrowth Credit Pvt. Ltd and SMEcorner.in (Amadeus Advisors Pvt. Ltd). In July, NeoGrowth raised $35 million from IIFL Asset Management, Accion Frontier Inclusion Fund managed by (Quona Capital) and Aspada Investments, along with other investors, reported PTI.

The original article is written by Arushi Chopra. Click here to read the original article.

Oct 24, 2018

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How to Determine Your Working Capital Needs

The availability of working capital is probably the most critical aspect of running a business smoothly and successfully. Also known as the current capital, working capital basically refers to the cash available with an organization for managing its daily operations and is calculated by simply deducting the current liabilities of a business from its current assets.

Assets that can be easily converted into cash within a year or a business cycle are termed as current assets and include cash, accounts receivables, inventories and short-term prepaid expenses. Similarly, current liabilities are the ones that a business needs to pay off within a year or one business cycle and includes accounts payable, accrued liabilities, accrued income taxes and dividends payable.

If current assets are greater than current liabilities, the business has a positive working capital situation or extra cash to meet unexpected expenses. Conversely, if the current liabilities are more than the current assets, the business is said to have negative working capital and needs to take working capital business loans.

Adequate cash availability also allows a business to take care of newer opportunities that require quick infusion of funds. However, not all businesses have access to adequate funds to carry out their operations smoothly and often need working capital loans.

Working Capital: Need and Importance

Every business needs to maintain some working capital to continue its operations smoothly. The amount of liquid funds available with a business is a measure of its ability to meet its short-term obligations. It is also a reflection of a company’s operational efficiency. Here are some reasons why working capital is essential:

Smooth Running of Business: Funds are needed for the smooth working of day-to-day operations and spending on the purchase of raw materials, overhead expenses and payment of wages and salaries. Working capital enables an uninterrupted flow of production or provision of services.

Goodwill: Sufficient cash with a business means it is capable of making prompt and timely payments, which in turn enhances its goodwill.

Easy Loans: Banks and financial institutions prefer to lend to organizations with adequate working capital.

Ability to Deal with Unexpected Expenses: Adequate availability of funds prepares a business to meet any unexpected expenses or situations.

Working capital is often used to judge the financial health of a business. A positive working capital situation indicates that a business is capable of paying off all its short-term debts, operating expenses and salaries with some extra amount remaining for reinvestment. In contrast, negative working capital is a cause for concern. It hints that the business may not be able to pay off its creditors.

Need for Working Capital Finance

Many businesses do not have sufficient cash in hand or liquid assets like money in the current account to meet their daily operational expenses. This is where working capital finance comes to their rescue. Small retailers or merchants typically require capital to fund seasonal inventory buildup. Also, businesses that do not have stable revenues through the year may still need to maintain a specific amount of inventory to fulfill any sudden increase in demand for their products. Such units often require a working capital loan to pay wages or meet other expenses during lean periods or when they are servicing an order, and the receivables would become due only after order fulfilment.

A working capital business loan is a short-term finance option that is generally repaid in the period when sales are high and the company has surplus cash. A major benefit of such credit is that its terms is short, which allows a business to maintain full control of its operations. Such loans need to be sanctioned quickly, without a lengthy approval process. Working capital funding can be secured or unsecured, depending on the financial product or lender.

Determining Your Working Capital Needs

The proper assessment of working capital needs is an important part of efficient financial planning. It allows a business to plan well and arrange the necessary funds on time to ensure smooth functioning of daily operations. The amount of current or working capital required by a business may vary. It is dependent on the operating cycle, or the amount needed to pay suppliers, the amount of inventory held and the time taken to collect cash from customers. Also, this may change with changes in demand for its products and services.

The working capital requirements of a business can be calculated by subtracting the accounts payable from the sum of the inventories and accounts receivables. Businesses need to fill the working capital gap by using internally generated profits or external borrowings or a combination of the two.

In case of new units or startups, working capital refers to the amount of money to be borrowed to keep operations going until the business starts generating adequate revenues to cover its operational expenses. Calculating the amount required to carry on business in the initial few months when there are no or very little revenues challenging and often leads to businesses borrowing too much or too little. A business should look towards raising working capital loans that have a prepayment option, or the option to repay the loan before the term is over.

Raising Working Capital Business Loans

Financial institutions use two ratios – the current ratio and the quick ratio – to measure the financial health or liquidity of a business. The current ratio is obtained by dividing the value of current assets by the value of current liabilities. A ratio above one means the current assets are more than liabilities, which is viewed positively. The quick ratio measures the proportion of short term liquidity (current assets minus inventory) to the current liabilities of a business. It gives a good idea of the company’s ability to meet short-term expenses quickly.

Working capital business loans are granted after assessing a company’s liquidity and working capital needs.

Oct 24, 2018

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Overview of GST and Important Timelines

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is proposed to be implemented from July 01, 2017, and will effectively change the face of indirect taxation in India. Some of the key benefits expected include a simpler and more transparent tax system that will reduce tax evasion and boost revenues; more competitive manufacturing, especially in the MSME sector, thanks to reduction in tax cascading; and improved GDP due to a wider coverage of goods and services. This attempt towards bringing to life a “One Nation, One Tax” legislation will have far-reaching implications on every citizen, and will impact business finance and personal finances too. This is especially true for SMEs, as they will see a direct impact on their working capital. It is therefore prudent to plan for this crucial event.

Here is all you need to know about the GST rollout.

What is GST

GST is a unified system for indirect taxation, leading to the establishment of a new four-tier indirect tax structure that replaces the existing indirect tax regime. Essentially, four new indirect tax slabs will come into effect, i.e., goods and services will hereafter be taxed according to the slabs of 5%, 12%, 18% or 28%.

Rate of Indirect Tax Goods/ Service
Exempt Goods of mass consumption such as grains and milk
5% Essential items such as edible oil, tea, coffee, insulin, incense sticks, etc. that are exempt from excise duty and are charged at a VAT of 5%. Certain processed foods like sauces, pickles, and preserves as well.
12% Goods currently taxed at 9% to 15% such as processed food and computers
18% Goods currently taxed between 15% and 21% (soaps, smartphones, utility electronic items and, industrial inputs).
28% Luxury goods such as SUVs, select consumables (aerated drinks, tobacco), white goods (AC, fridge) and goods that fall under the current tax bracket of 30% to 31%. Luxury and select consumables will attract an additional cess.

These four structural slabs allow a provision to charge a maximum of 40% GST rate, i.e., a combination of 20% Central GST and 20% state GST.

Services will be taxed at a standard or default tax rate of 18%. Only five luxury services, i.e., five-star hotels, movie tickets, racing and betting (racing and casinos) will fall in the 28% tax bucket. E-commerce companies will be subject to 1% tax collected at source.

The build-up to the GST: A track of timelines

The story began with the Central Government releasing the Revised Model GST Law for public purview on November 26, 2016, and the setting up of the GST Council to discuss and approve the Bill. Thereafter, the Council met on subsequent occasions to discuss and approve the section terms, and targeted a rollout date of April 01, 2017. The latest is a meeting held on 11th June, wherein the tax rates for 66 items have been reduced. A rollout date of July 01, 2017 has now been set. As a result, four legal bills have been presented and passed for different categories:

  • Central GST Bill (CGST): For supply of goods and services by the Central Government within the boundaries of a state.
  • Integrated GST Bill (IGST): For supply of goods and services between different states, carried out by the Central Government.
  • Union Territory GST Bill (UGST): For supply of goods and services in the Union Territories.
  • The Compensation Bill: To govern the provision of compensation for revenue losses brought on by GST implementation, over the next five years from implementation.

All four bills have been passed in the Lok Sabha and subsequently the Rajya Sabha after a series of changes at the Centre. These bills have received approvals from 16 state assemblies with Delhi being the most recent.

Rules and Acts under the GST

The Government is also in the process of driving the GST Council to put together rules and acts for GST implementation. Following are the GST rules passed till date: Composition Rules, Valuation Rules, Transition Rules, Input Tax Credit Rules, Invoice Rules, Payment Rules, Refund Rules, Registration Rules and Return Rules.

Proposed outcomes of the GST for the Government

According to Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, India will evolve to be a more tax-compliant society thanks to the GST. He also clarified that the GST would not lead to inflation, addressing the Opposition’s concerns in the Rajya Sabha.

Here are some of the key benefits of GST:

  • GST will cover the GDP more comprehensively by covering a wider base of goods and services A single indirect tax regime will be instrumental in removing cascading taxation, i.e., tax payment upon tax, or multiple taxation.
  • GST will eliminate any direct interaction between the assessing authority and the tax payer by standardizing and automating processes, and will interlink incentives for compliance, making the tax system more accountable.
  • Overall and on an average, tax slabs may see reductions and the industry may benefit from the greater cash flow that will ensue.

Despite these proposed gains, a closer look at the GST reveals certain drawbacks. Four slabs is a significant number of tax slabs for a unified tax regime, and the tax rates appear to be high. These factors are likely to lead to tax evasions and legal battles.

Proposed outcomes of the GST for tax payers and businesses

For businesses, the implications vary. The “Place of Supply” and the “Time of Supply” are two important considerations that businesses must reflect on.

Goods and service providers will be subject to the tax slab depending on the “Place of Supply”. If the “Place of Supply” is intra-state, then each company entity will need to register separately for the GST in each state of operation, and will be liable to a mix of CGST and the respective State’s SGST. For “Place of Supply” being inter-state, the business will need to register in the state of origin and avail IGST in the remaining states. This makes it imperative for businesses to register correctly to levy the appropriate taxation rate.

Business norms for supplier management will change, with input credit being made available to businesses, but compliance requirements will become more stringent, leading to additional costs for businesses. Businesses must therefore be prepared to plan their cash flows better in light of the GST implementation. This is particularly true with regards to input tax credit, which can have strong implications on working capital for SMEs. This might create a cash crunch in the short term, but will equalize over time.

With the GST rollout fast approaching, it is best to stay informed and be prepared for this sweeping change. We at Capital Float can help you do just that: Visit our GST blog to know more about GST and keep track of latest.

Oct 24, 2018