Considerations for educational trusts to keep in mind while availing finance

To upgrade the quality of education delivered in their school, authorities running the institution may occasionally need to apply for loans. The first thought that strikes while contemplating Indian school finance is one of approaching a bank. The low rate of interest and general trust in the banking system draws many private schools to these established lenders.

Although banks offer loans to businesses and other organisations, when it comes to financing educational institutions, things can be rather challenging, and it may take long before the school actually receives the requested amount for use. The reason for this is complex eligibility criteria and the long list of documents necessary to get the loan application approved.

School finance in India is granted to institutions that are backed by promoters or a trust. While applying for the loan, a copy of the trust deed or memorandum of association needs to be submitted to the lender. However, when the loan is being applied through a public sector or private bank, it may also ask for hard copies of several additional documents such as three to four years of financial statements along with their audit report, three to four years of income tax returns submitted by the school, bank statements and multiple KYC documents.

With such requirements, if the school has been running for just two years, it may not be able to get the loan. In addition to a pile of printed copies, the legal restrictions for funding educational trusts may also compel the bank to ask for collateral security or involvement of a guarantor. This is considered to be the hardest part as not many schools can afford to hypothecate a valuable financial asset to the lender.

Is there any other alternative for private school financing? Can these institutions securely apply for their loan and get the amount in minimum time without going through the hassles of submitting numerous documents and arranging for collateral? The answer, fortunately, is ‘Yes’.

Keeping up with the plans of promoting quality education in India, digitally operating non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) called FinTech companies have come up with a borrower-friendly lending model. They provide school finance on easy terms and conditions that merely require the borrowing institution to:

  • Be a private school with fully functional classes from LKG to VIII/X/XII grade
  • Be run by promoters or a trust
  • Have an annual fee collection of more than Rs. 75 lakhs
  • Have the school building on its own property

Since the application process is digital, the school needs to upload only soft copies of the documents proving its eligibility. Moreover, financial/bank statements are required for just two years. There is no need to provide any security or guarantor promises: FinTech loans are collateral-free.

If you have plans to construct a new building in your school, stock up the library, refurbish the labs or add any other facility to enhance the education service, the answer on how to finance a school improvement plan lies in an unsecured loan from a FinTech.

Apply for Unsecured school loan

Capital Float is a leading school finance provider in the Indian FinTech industry. We offer quick loans of up to 50 lakhs to fund school development. To know more about our finance options, call us at 1860 419 0999.

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Why Fintech Lenders are the Best Option to Avail Business Finance

Many start-ups are launched, propelled by a brilliant idea, but often face tough times due to inadequate funds. The first impulse is to turn to banks, which, however, usually refuse requests for a loan for business without security. They also ask for plenty of documents to corroborate the need for the grant and the purpose that it will be used for.

A parallel source of finance for small businesses come in the form of non-banking financial companies (NBFCs). Traditional NBFCs offer loans on terms similar to banks, but they do not hold a banking license. In addition, unlike banks, they cannot accept deposits from public. Other than loans and credit facilities, they can offer retirement planning schemes, money market instruments and underwriting activities.

While small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have been turning to banks and NBFCs to get loans, the long-drawn process from application submission to disbursal of funds is still a deterrent for many. After the financial crisis of 2008, there was an even greater need for reliable sources of business finance. Interestingly, the digital technology that gave rise to online banking and e-commerce was also progressing at a fast pace in the same period. This helped to create a new segment of NBFCs in the form of financial technology, known as FinTech companies.

With the aid of complex analytic tools, FinTech companies evaluate credit risk by using an array of customer data, including their digital footprint on social media, e-commerce platforms, smartphone usage and geo-location.

How are business loans by FinTech lenders more convenient than traditional loans for borrowers?

Conventional NBFCs do not usually have a human-centric approach to lending. The lengthy and cumbersome process of applying for business finance that requires piles of physical documents tires out borrowers. Young entrepreneurs who are eager to expand their operations and are confident about returns on their investment cannot afford to wait for long. Also, delays in work can also harm their long-term business interests. They need an alternative source of funds that can cater to their needs more actively.

What draws the digitally perceptive entrepreneurs to a FinTech company is its ability to offer quick loans at competitive rates of interest. Such companies have a holistic approach towards risk assessment and do not ask for heaps of paper-based documents before they start considering an approval for the loan. The basic files needed to check the creditworthiness of the borrower can be uploaded on the encrypted portals of FinTechs.

The advanced machine learning algorithms that these lending platforms employ read through information such as the net earnings of a business, the educational and professional qualification of its owners, the location from which the business operates and the returns on investment that it drew in the past one year. In comparison to this, a traditional NBFC loan is issued to companies that have been in business for at least 3 to 4 years.

Summarily, the prime reasons for which business borrowers prefer FinTech platforms are:

Simplified application process – Instead of visiting a branch in person, they can apply for the business loans from anywhere and at anytime. As the process is digital, all they need is a reliable Internet connection and the soft copies of minimal documents.

Swift funding – Unlike conventional NBFC loans, the funds from a FinTech corporation do not take long to be approved and disbursed.

No prepayment penalties – To make up for their loss on interest due to early pay-off on the loan, banks as well as most NBFCs charge a percentage of the loan amount as penalty. This is not the case with new-age technology based lending organisations. If a borrower can afford to make complete payment on the loan earlier than its stipulated tenure, there are no extra charges.

No hidden charges – You may on occasions have felt surprised when a bank or NBFC told you that there would be a payment protection “insurance premium” charged on your business loan. In the traditional lending sector, such charges are normal. The lending institutions claim that these help in protecting the monthly loan instalments in case sudden sickness or an accident prevents you from making payments on the loan. FinTech organisations do not include such clauses in their agreements. The funds are granted for business expenses in the short term and are approved based on the ability of the borrower to pay back.

The ability of FinTech firms to trawl the online portals and gather data relevant to the borrower’s paying capacity helps in affording more growth opportunities to start-ups. Many SMEs in India have reasonably strong business models, but they still cannot manage to get funds from banks and traditional NBFCs. This shift towards technology-backed alternatives has been favourable for promising ventures.

At the same time, the conventional lending institutions should also understand that FinTech companies are not a threat to their existence. Both these sectors can collaborate with each other in areas such as customer acquisition, product innovation, analytics, sales enablement and cyber security.

The access to innovation through digital peer-to-peer lenders allows NBFCs and banks to create competitive advantages for their own business.

Customer-centric innovation triggered by FinTechs is here to stay. The possibility of getting a loan for business without security or collateral is real. Open architecture-based wealth management tools, Big Data and online financial advice will continue to help entrepreneurs.

As a digital-age lender in this domain, Capital Float uses proprietary algorithms to inspect large amounts of data and evaluate a potential business borrower’s creditworthiness. We offer timely business finance without collateral to SMEs, start-ups, and freelancers to help them bear the expenses that are crucial for their stability and growth in the business world. Our process of judging the payment capacity of businesses is automated, fast and flexible, while also being diligent. If you need loans in less than a week and do not have a very long history in your industry, do not let any refusal from traditional NBFCs discourage you. Visit www.capitalfloat.com to find the business loan best suitable to you.

Oct 24, 2018

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Top Reasons Why Unsecured Business Loans Are Becoming Popular

During the lifecycle of a business, there are times when the inadequacy of working capital threatens the flow of operations and hinders growth. Traditional lending institutions in India such as banks rarely provide assistance in such situations, as they generally demand collateral, which small business and young entrepreneurs may not possess. An unsecured business loan can take care of routine business expenditure such as maintenance of machinery, making payments to suppliers and purchasing raw material. It can also be useful for business expansion activities such as purchasing new machinery or expanding premises.

Moreover, all small and medium enterprises need funds to seize new opportunities for growth, and the window for such opportunities is usually small. In such a scenario, there is a need for quick access to funds. The loan repayment schedule also needs to be synchronous with the expected revenue flow from a business venture. Hence, an unsecured business loan taken from a FinTech company works best for them, as it is disbursed much faster than a loan from a bank. Further, these FinTech companies ensure that an SME is always at ease while paying the loan instalments.

Unsecured loans are turning extremely popular amongst small businesses communities. These are a few reasons why.

They help strengthen the business finances

A suitable business growth opportunity can present itself at any time, and therefore a small business needs to have access to adequate resources at all times. In case the cash flow situation is imperfect or there is a working capital requirement to meet routine business expenses, it helps to take an unsecured loan for a short period until the situation improves. This ensures that a small business will never find itself at a disadvantage when a new opportunity presents itself. Such loans from FinTech companies do not come with any prepayment penalty, and their tenure can vary from a few months to a couple of years.

Faster approval and quick access to funds

The digital revolution and the subsequent development of IT systems and processes have led to the rise of new age FinTech companies over the past five years. FinTech companies in India follow a completely different approach to the unsecured business loan market, as they use innovative technologies to profile, design and disburse loan products for small businesses. Even the application for an unsecured loan can be made online or through the mobile app, and all supporting documents such as bank statements, tax statements, previous loan statements, KYC documents, business receivables and other relevant documents can be uploaded in digital format. The use of advanced analytic techniques allows these companies to process a loan application within minutes. Upon approval, the loan amount is transferred to the borrower’s bank account within a few working days.

An unsecured loan product for every business

Extensive use of technology enables FinTech companies such as Capital Float to design new loan products that are meant to fulfil varying business needs. The loan product, Term Finance, is meant for small businesses that have been in operation for more than two years and have been doing good during that period. Such businesses can take business loans from ₹1 lakh to ₹1 crore for a duration of a few months to three years.

Supply chain finance is meant for small businesses that have blue-chip companies as customers. Such businesses can take up to 80% of the pending invoice value as an unsecured loan. The loan can be repaid either as monthly instalments or at one go upon receiving payments from the customer.

Unsecured loan products designed to support digital economy

Online Seller Finance is another loan product from Capital Float that is designed for businesses that generate revenue through e-commerce marketplaces. It provides up to 200% of the monthly sales volume as advance to such businesses. This money can be used to accelerate business growth online.

Similarly, merchants that receive the bulk of their payments through PoS terminals can avail up to 200% of their monthly card settlement value as advance through a customized finance product called Merchant Cash Advance. The loan amount can be repaid through the deduction of a fixed percentage from card settlements in the subsequent months.

Get loans on the most favourable terms

Capital Float offers loans at the most competitive rates. These unsecured loan costs can be brought further down by choosing the right loan product. Capital Float charges a flat 2% processing fee for all their loan products, and there are no other hidden charges. Another great benefit is the flexibility offered in loan repayment, which is linked to the business receivables.

Indeed, new age technology driven FinTech companies have eased the pain in procuring funds from the unsecured loans market in India, and small businesses can look up to them as a partner in their business growth.

At Capital Float, we fully understand the business challenges faced by small businesses and have therefore designed the unsecured loan products in such a way that businesses can focus more on business growth rather than on worrying about getting business finance. Our customised plans ascertain that you get just the right product that suits your unique need.

To find out the product that best suits your business, click here.

Oct 24, 2018

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Implications of GST for Services

The new Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a unified tax structure that was implemented by the Government of India on 1 July 2017. The new regime has ushered a significant change in taxation levels and rules associated with it. On an average, we see the tax slab increasing from 15% to 18% for most of the services. While this may translate to higher cost of services to the end consumer, GST also presents a whole lot of opportunities, pushing ease of business.

Services Sector in India: An Overview

India is a strong services-led economy with the sector generating a significant chunk of employment opportunities and contributing to the GDP. It contributed around 66.1% of India’s Gross Value Added (GVA) growth in 2015-16, is the biggest magnet for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and an important net foreign exchange earner. Some of the core areas of service are IT and ITES, banking and financial services, outsourcing, research and development, transportation, telecommunications, real estate and professional services.

Some of the positive impacts of GST on service providers are:

Clear distinction between goods and services: The old regime does not clearly distinguish between goods and services, leading to many instances of double taxation. For example, software is often treated as a good and as a service. The new regime clearly distinguishes goods from services, and also defines principal supply, composite supply, and mixed supply separately. For example, when an individual books a Rajdhani train ticket which includes meals, it involves a composite supply wherein the ticket and the meals cannot be sold separately. Since the transportation of the passenger is the principal supply, the rate of tax will only be charged on the ticket. Alternatively, for items that can be sold separately, but are sold together, like a hamper of snacks and aerated drinks, the rate of tax applicable on the higher product will be levied on the composite supply. There are also separate definitions for supply of software, works contracts, and leasing transactions to bring in more clarity and transparency on their taxation rules.

Streamlining of taxation for intra-state service providers: Due to the state level taxes being subsumed, it will become easier for service providers that operate within the state to know their tax obligations better. Such companies can move away from multiple tax calculations. For example, a CD with software incurs Excise, Service Tax, and VAT under the old regime; this is simplified to one unified rate under GST, making tax calculations and administration easier for intra-state service providers.

Input credit facility: VAT payment under the old regime was not eligible for setting off against output liabilities. The input credit facility is now made available to service providers as well, wherein tax paid on any inputs can be claimed and adjusted against tax paid on output. This will result in direct cost savings for service providers and may even offset the expected rise in end pricing. For example, an AC fitter who paid tax on the raw material for AC fittings (pipe, tape, solder etc.) will be able to claim that tax, and end up spending less on the cost of fitting the AC. This cost advantage can spill over to the customer as well.

Regularised return filing: The old service tax system required two half-yearly returns for services businesses. Under GST, this has been replaced by a number of returns provisions, depending on the type of taxpayer and the type of business:

Return Type of tax payer Timeline of filing return
GSTR 1 For outward supplies of sale (for registered taxable person) By 10th of the next month
GSTR 2 For inward supplies received by a taxpayer (for registered taxable person) By 15th of the next month
GSTR 3 Monthly return for registered taxable person (except for Compounding Taxpayer) By 20th of the next month
GSTR 4 Quarterly return for Compounding Taxpayer/Composition Supplier By 18th of the next month
GSTR 5 Periodic return by Non-Resident Foreign Taxpayer By 20th of the next month
GSTR 6 Return for Input Service Distributor (ISD) By 13th of the month succeeding the quarter
GSTR 7 Return for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) By 10th of the next month
GSTR 8 Annual Return for e-commerce operator By 10th of the next month

While a shorter timeline for filing returns might seem overwhelming, regularisation in return filing will result in better streamlining of taxes. Since all these returns are required to be submitted online through a common portal provided by GSTN, the process is simplified and will help the government weed out regular defaulters. This in turn will result in a major boost in the contribution of the Service sector to the GDP.

Service providers, however, are concerned about the following aspects:

  • State-wise registration will be required: In the old regime, a service provider could operate with a single place of registration, since services were taxed only by the Central government. For example, if an IT services provider was present across states, they could carry out tax and delivery transactions from the main location. However, now a service provider that is offering services across states must register each place of business separately in each state. This is because the new GST regime entails taxation of services at “location of service recipient”, which will differ for different states. This means service providers will need to register afresh in new states and then carry out tax transactions separately in each state. For example, an IT company like TCS that has a widespread presence across states will need to decentralise service delivery.
  • Decentralised reporting will add to costs: Under GST, the “location of service recipient” is the key criterion for how a service will be taxed. Tax considerations will be related to the place the service is being delivered, and even a pan-India service provider with several “locations of service” will need to maintain state-wise records of input credit, audits, service consumption, etc. For example, earlier a service provider like TCS would enter into a single contract with the client, based on its main location, and then would discharge service tax based on the single-service tax registration model. GST will decentralise service delivery models, ensuring various TCS units adopt their own tax reporting and tax management. While this need for decentralised tax tracking and processing is an immediate cost to service providers, it presents a very real opportunity to streamline reporting and compliance measures for the future.

GST offers clear benefits to the services sector, and while some of these measures entail additional cost and effort in the short term, businesses can look forward to simpler operations with the new taxation laws.

All in all, services industries must gear up for better ways to manage business. Now is the time for them to equip themselves with the right people, processes and technologies, and emerge as service providers of the future.

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Oct 24, 2018