The COVID-19 pandemic is an unforeseen shock for the Indian economy. The country is expected to experience a lengthy economic recession with extended lockdowns in several states. Due to the Coronavirus outbreak, the global economic crisis, and subsequent instability in production and supply chains is also likely to be perpetuated.
How are the people of India affected?
Coronavirus has disrupted the lives of millions of Indians. Incomes have reduced and several people are experiencing a financial crunch, and as a result, it has become challenging for households as well. Many people have lost their jobs; many others are struggling to run their businesses.
Has the Government extended dates for filing ITR?
In the context of COVID-19 and to provide the people with immediate relief, the Government, in a press conference on May 13, 2020, has announced that the Income Tax Return (ITR) filing deadline has been extended to November 30, 2020 for the financial year 2019-20. Earlier, it was decided that the deadline would be 31st July 2020. But, looking at the condition of the economy, the Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman decided to extend the date of the deadline for filing of ITR even further to November 30.
The Government has not only extended the date for ITR filing but has also extended the tax audit from September 30, 2020 to October 31, 2020. The TDS and TCS rates were reduced by 25% to provide more funds to the taxpayers for the period between 14 May to 31 March. Furthermore, in April 2020, they announced that the pending income tax refunds up to INR five lakhs would be released to the taxpayers to benefit them in these times of crisis.
The Government has authorized certain financial measures to increase the liquidity of tax paying individuals in India. Prudent decision-making and personal financial management will be key to ensuring that funds are available to run households for the foreseeable future and in case of contingencies.
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What is Working Capital?
Working capital is the difference between the total number of assets and the total number of liabilities in a company. This amount is spent on executing day-to-day operations in a business. As a result, it is used as an index to measure the health of a company. Enterprises with high working capital are often strong businesses.
What are the Uses of Working Capital?
In most situations, working capital is used to run operations. A well-managed business will also use it’s working capital to achieve growth. For instance, an online seller would spend to add a new type of product to his portfolio. A retailer may liquidate funds to increase his store size by adding a new section to his outlet.
Other uses of working capital include:
• Equipment and inventory purchases
• Hiring, salary payments and employee training
• Unforeseen expenses
What are the Outcomes of Low Working Capital?
Responsible financial management may help companies secure higher levels of working capital. On the contrary, poor management of capital could result in the following issues:
• Bankruptcy risk: In the case of negative working capital, SMEs use money received from creditors to finance business operations. Businesses run the risk of bankruptcy due to the lack of sufficient income to counterbalance the expenditure.
• Lack of investment opportunities: Investors are less likely to consider companies which regularly have low or negative working capital. This demonstrates that the company is not being run effectively.
• Missed growth opportunities: With large amounts of positive working capital, businesses will have money to spend on pursuing growth. With negative or low working capital, businesses may find it difficult to capitalize on investment opportunities. Low working capital could have stifling effects on the ambitions of any businessman.
• Trade discounts: Many suppliers will offer substantial discounts if they are paid on time. Low or negative working capital can make it difficult to meet payment obligations which, effectively, increases the cost of inventory.
What are the Ways of Accessing Working Capital Finance with Capital Float?
At Capital Float, we offer a wide range of financing options for small and medium scale businesses. By providing quick and easier access to funds and with flexible repayment options, we can give businesses the right financial support to help them achieve their next milestone.
We offer Online Seller Finance to e-commerce sellers who operate on online marketplaces. Through a simple online process, the seller can apply for a loan and receive funds in three days. The loan tenure ranges between 90-180 days and is repaid on a biweekly basis. This loan is ideal for sellers who are looking at expanding into other marketplaces, increasing their product portfolio or purchasing higher volumes of stock.
Term Finance is applicable for traditional businesses that have been operating for three years. The loan tenure varies between six months to three years. Small scale manufacturers, retailers and distributors can use this loan to meet short-term investment requirements and finance inventory purchases.
Invoice Finance helps SMEs convert their invoices into cash, that can be channeled into financing business operations. This loan product has an exclusive feature of one-time bullet repayment mode, which might suit the cash-flow needs of several SMEs.
We also provide Merchant Cash Advance which will interest vendors using point-of-sale machines with consistent card settlements. Merchants can receive working capital finance of up to 150% of their monthly card swipes within three days of the loan application.
Our unique product called ‘Pay Later’ is a rolling credit facility, that enables the borrower to make multiple drawdowns within a predefined credit limit. The borrower pays interest on the utilized amount and not on the entire limit. By repaying the amount utilized, the borrower resets the credit limit, thereby instantly availing the facility in whole. Click here to read more about ‘Pay Later’. You could read about the product features by clicking here.
Oct 24, 2018
An organisation planning to apply for a business loan must be thoroughly aware of the general application process and the documents that need to be provided to the lender. Security is a top concern for any business today, and no enterprise will want to give copies of their ID and financial papers to questionable entities.
Even when they choose to borrow from familiar banks, the hassles of printing and photocopying documents, submitting them to a branch personally or through a reliable employee and then awaiting approval of their SME loan can be tedious. It discourages many MSMEs from approaching traditional financial institutions for funds. “How to get fastest business loan” while also following a secure procedure is a priority for SME and MSME borrowers.
Fortunately, the expectation of getting a quick business loan can now be fulfilled by FinTech lenders. These digitally active NBFCs have an abridged and systematic online application process, and funds on approved applications are provided in less than a week. Furthermore, they offer loans without requiring the borrowers to pledge any security.
FinTechs do need some documents to sanction any loan. However, businesses only need to submit the soft copies with their digital application. The primary documents required for an unsecured working capital loan or any other SME/MSME loan include:
KYC Documents of Business Owner(s) – PAN Card, passport copy or a copy of any other Photo ID that is recognised by the Government of India
Income Tax Returns (ITR) – The processed ITR document copies for the last two years
Goods and Service Tax (GST) Returns – Processed returns for the past year
Bank Statements – For the previous six months
For some particular loans taken to finance the operations of schools, medical clinics, restaurants, franchises, logistics companies and e-commerce sites, the FinTech lender may need documents specific to these verticals.
As an example, a Pvt Ltd company or LLP that seeks merchant cash finance based on the payments made through cards should also submit its card settlement statements for three months preceding the loan application. On the other hand, sole proprietors (Prop) running their own shops, salons or small restaurants can directly submit their KYC documents, IT returns, bank statements and papers that corroborate the identity of their business.
What then, about the security factor here? That indeed is important – a business loan application should only be sent from a secure website that encrypts all information loaded on its servers. FinTech companies with website domain having a lock symbol and https:// prefix are authentic lenders in the credit market.
If your business has been successfully running for almost three years, and you have been complying with the tax laws of India, your chances of fulfilling other eligibility requirements for an unsecured business loan by Capital Float are high. Just gather the soft copies of documents relevant to your enterprise, and by spending less than 15 minutes on the digital application, you can send a request for the loan. You will also be notified of the approval on the same day, and the funds reach your bank account in the next 72 hours.
To know more about our loan granting process, feel free to call at 1860 419 0999.
Oct 24, 2018
GST — the unified tax system that is set to revolutionize indirect taxation in India— is finally here. Some of its key proposed advantages are streamlining of tax payments, reduction in tax frauds, and ease of doing business. Here is a look at how these will play out in the manufacturing domain.
Make In India & Manufacturing
The manufacturing sector in India contributes a mere 16% to the overall GDP. However, the potential to make this a high-growth and high-GDP sector is huge. The “Make in India” campaign by Prime Minister Narendra Modi makes this possibility real, by giving impetus to the sector. Furthermore, PwC estimates that India will become the fifth largest manufacturing country in the world by the end of 2020. It would be interesting to know how the Goods and Services Tax or GST impacts this roadmap.
Impact of GST on Manufacturing
GST is one of the key policy changes that will have a direct impact on manufacturing establishments. So far, the existing complex tax structure has been a dampener, resulting in the slow growth of the sector. GST is expected to liberate the sector by unifying tax regimes across states.
Overall, GST is expected to have a positive impact and boost manufacturing. Here is why:
- Removal of multiple valuations will create simplification: The old tax regime subjects manufactured goods to excise duty, which is calculated differently in different states. While some states calculate excise duty based on transaction value, others calculate it based on quantity. Most manufactured goods’ excise duty is currently considered on MRP valuation. This creates great confusion in valuation methods. GST will usher in an era of transaction-based valuation, making calculation of tax much simpler for the manufacturer.
- Entry tax subsummation will reduce cost of production: The subsuming of the entry tax for inter-state transfers is a key reason for reducing cost of goods and services. For example, a supplier of cement from Maharashtra to Karnataka was earlier required to pay entry tax when the supply crossed the interstate border. For Karnataka, the entry tax rate was 5% of the value of the goods. The supplier would pass on this additional cost to the customer, resulting in increase in selling price. With entry tax being subsumed, the supplier need not pay the entry tax rate amount and consequently, not charge the customer this amount either.
- Improved cash flows: Under the new tax laws, manufacturers can claim input tax credit on input goods, which seems to be a positive sign for cash flow. SMEs are keenly observing the time difference between input tax credit and the credit being available.
- Single registration process will provide ease of registration: The old regime required manufacturers to register each manufacturing facility separately, even those in the same state. GST will simplify the plant registration process by allowing single registration for all manufacturing entities within the same state. Previously, if a brick manufacturer had factories in Bangalore, Hubli and Dharwad, each unit had to be registered separately. Under GST, all of these factories would be jointly registered under the state of Karnataka. Of course, different state-entities will require separate registrations under GST too.
- Removal of cascading will lead to lower cost-to-consumer: The old tax regime does not allow manufacturers to claim tax credit on inter-state transaction taxes such as octroi, central sales tax, entry tax etc. This results in cascading of taxes—an extra cost to the manufacturing company. Manufacturers end up passing on these extra costs to the consumer. The unified GST regime will eliminate multiple taxes and thus lower cost of production; this, in turn, will mean lower pricing for the consumer. For example, prior to 1 July 2017, SMEs in manufacturing used to pay Excise Duty, Central State Tax and sometimes VAT too at 12.5%, 2% and 5.5% respectively. With GST in effect, they are required to pay 18% in taxes.
- Restructuring of supply chain: To align with the GST law, businesses will be required to realign their supply chains. However, this is a blessing in disguise. Till date, most supply chain structuring has been designed around how to manage tax regimes. With a single tax regime, this will change, and supply chain structures will focus on driving business efficiencies. An example is that of warehousing. The old regime demands that warehouse management be based on arbitrage between varying VAT rates across states. This is expected to change to bring in economic efficiencies and more customer-centricity going ahead.
Manufacturers, however, are concerned about the following aspects:
- Increase in immediate working capital requirements: Branch transfers and depo transfers will be treated as taxable under GST; IGST will be applicable on these transfers. This increases the requirement for immediate working capital. Another reason for increased working capital requirements is that the receipt of advance is taxable as per GST rules. Also, stock transfers are treated as “supply” and hence are taxable under the GST regime.
- More stringent and elaborate transaction management: GST aims to achieve better tax compliance. To make this possible, manufacturers must work towards streamlining existing transactions; this means additional resources and costs. For example, under GST, credit in respect to an invoice can be taken only up to one year of the invoice date. Also, the provision of reverse charge means that the liability to pay tax falls on the recipient of goods/services instead of the supplier. The payment of reverse charge is dependent on the time of supply (30 days from the date of issue of invoice by the supplier in case of goods and 60 days for services).These changes will require manufacturers to carefully assess and track their supply processes, especially the timelines. This may mean hiring a better skilled compliance workforce, and better systems and software. More legal considerations will also mean more costs.
- Lack of clarity on local exemptions: Despite GST being proposed as a unifying platform for indirect tax, all the components for manufacturing are not yet clear. One such area is localized area-based exemptions. The old structure provides certain exemptions for certain goods in specific states (for example the North East or hilly states). Under GST, most of these exemptions are likely to be removed, resulting in a negative cost-impact on these manufacturers. Such companies must reassess their financial position in view of such likely changes.
Overall, one can say that the impact of GST on the manufacturing sector is positive. It provides a unique opportunity to streamline business operations to become more compliance and profitability-oriented, rather than tax-oriented. It puts power in the hands of business leaders to bring about positive change and steer their enterprises on a growth path, powered by GST-compliance.
Read more of our content on GST by clicking here.
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Oct 24, 2018