Tax Computation – 2 regimes

India’s Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, on February 1, 2020 tabled the Union Budget for the FY 2020-21 in the Lok Sabha. She announced a new income tax regime in addition to the existing one, to provide relief to individual taxpayers. 

However, this new regime is optional and the taxpayers can choose between the old and the new, basis their suitability. The new regime has foregone certain deductions and exemptions. The tax rates have been reduced, but taxpayers will have to forego exemptions when choosing the new tax regime.

Let us take a look at the tax rates of individuals whose age is less than 60 years under both the regimes:

Income tax slabsTax rate (Old Regime)Tax rate (New Regime)
Up to 2.5 lakhsNilNil
2.5-5 lakhs5%5%
5-7.5 lakhs20%10%
7.5-10 lakhs20%15%
10-12.5 lakhs30%20%
12.5-15 lakhs30%25%
Above 15 lakhs30%30%

From the above table, it is evident that the tax rates are lower in the new regime than the old regime. But, there is a list of exemptions and deductions that has to be conceded by the taxpayers. This list includes but is not limited to the following:

i) Leave Travel Allowance (LTA)

ii) Conveyance

iii) House Rent Allowance (HRA)

iv) Uniform Allowance

v) Helper allowance

vi) Professional tax

vii) Standard deduction

viii) Other special allowances [Section 10(14)]

ix) Interest on housing loan (Section 24) on self occupied property

x) Chapter VI-A deduction (80C,80D, 80E and so on) (Except Section 80CCD(2) and 80JJA)

Savings calculation based on income

PARTICULARSOld Tax Regime(Rs.)
Gross Income15,00,000
Less: Deductions- 
      U/S 80C (Investment in PPF)1,50,000
      U/S 80D (Medical Insurance – Self, spouse, children)25,000
      U/S 80TTA (Interest Income from Savings account on a bank)10,000
Taxable Income13,15,000

TAX ON TAXABLE INCOME (OLD TAX SLAB)(Rs.)(Rs.)
At normal rate, on the income of Rs. 13,15,000:  
Up to 2.5 lakhsNil 
2.5-5 lakhs @5%12,500 
5-7.5 lakhs @20%50,000 
7.5-10 lakhs @20%50,000 
10-12.5 lakhs @30%75,000
12.5-13.15 lakhs @30%19,500 
Total 2,07,000
Add: Cess @4% on Rs. 2,07,000 8,280
Tax Liability 2,15,280

From the above illustration, it is evident that taxpayers can reduce their taxable income by investing in tax saving instruments such as Provident Fund, Medical Insurance, etc. that appear as deductions under section 80C to 80U of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

PARTICULARSNew Tax Regime (Rs.)
Gross Income15,00,000
Less: DeductionsNil
Taxable Income15,00,000

TAX ON TAXABLE INCOME (NEW TAX SLAB)(Rs.)(Rs.)
At normal rate, on the income of Rs. 15,00,000:  
Up to 2.5 lakhsNil 
2.5-5 lakhs @5%12,500 
5-7.5 lakhs @10%25,000 
7.5-10 lakhs @15%37,500 
10-12.5 lakhs @20%50,000 
12.5-15 lakhs @25%62,500 
Total 1,87,500
Add: Cess @4% on Rs. 1,87,500 7,500
Tax Liability 1,95,000

From the above illustration, having regard to the income level and the deductions being claimed by the taxpayer, it is possible that taxpayers can save money because of the low tax rates of the new regime, however the same needs to be evaluated on a case-to-case basis.

Tax rates under both the regimes for senior citizens

Tax rates for individuals whose age is 60 years or more but less than 80 years (Senior citizens):

Income tax slabsTax rate (Old Regime)Tax rate (New Regime)
Up to 2.5 lakhsNilNil
2.5-3 lakhsNil5%
3-5 lakhs5%5%
5-7.5 lakhs20%10%
7.5-10 lakhs20%15%
10-12.5 lakhs30%20%
12.5-15 lakhs30%25%
Above 15 lakhs30%30%

Tax rates for individuals whose age is 80 years or more (Super senior citizens):

Income tax slabsTax rate (Old Regime)Tax rate (New Regime)
Up to 2.5 lakhsNilNil
2.5-5 lakhsNil5%
5-7.5 lakhs20%10%
7.5-10 lakhs20%15%
10-12.5 lakhs30%20%
12.5-15 lakhs30%25%
Above 15 lakhs30%30%

The Government has offered two types of regimes for tax computations for individuals– the old and the new system. The taxpayers should scrutinize and study both systems before opting for one. They should take into consideration their salaries, expenditures, savings, etc to select the system that is suitable for them. 

Disclaimer: This blog post is based on the provisions of the Finance Act,2020 as passed by the Parliament. Any subsequent notifications have not been factored into this post.

More Related Posts

Card image cap
7 Ways to Manage Your Business Cash Flows

Two of the main reasons why businesses face challenges are inadequate cash reserves and business finance. Whether the business is struggling or growing, effective cash flow management is absolutely essential and the key to business survival.

There is always a lag between the time a company pays its suppliers and employees and the time it collects payments from customers, which causes issues for the business to remain operational. Once businesses have used a lot of their finances, they may experience a cash crunch that prevents them from paying suppliers, buying materials and even paying salaries, which hinders business growth and success, since most companies usually lose the trust of suppliers and employees in such situations.

SMEs Need Smart Cash Flow Management

Cashflow is basically the movement of funds in and out of your business. Cashflow is called positive when the amount of cash entering into the business from sales, accounts receivables, etc., is more than the amount of the cash leaving your business through monthly expenses, accounts payable, employee salaries, etc. In the reverse situation, the cashflow would be considered negative.

To attain a smart cash-flow management, businesses need to think beyond just their profit or loss and focus on a positive cash flow, which is key for generating profits. Companies need to have enough cash reserves available all the time to pay their employees and suppliers so that production isn’t affected.  Capital Float is a FinTech lending company fulfilling the business loan requirements of SMEs in India. We offer flexible, short-term loans that you can use to purchase inventory, service new orders or optimize cash cycles. Our online application procedure simplifies the application process and lowers the time required for approval. The loan amount is disbursed within 72 hours.

As mentioned previously in this blog, achieving positive cash flows is fundamentally important to the health of the business. Here are some ways in which you can effectively manage your cash flows, leading to higher profits and business growth.

7 Practical Ways to Ensure Effective Cash Flow Management

1.Collect Receivables: There are times when every business has to extend credit to customers, particularly when they are in the growing stage. When you speed up the receipt and processing of receivables, you will experience quick input of cash, further reducing credit cycles that inevitable lead to debt.

2.Opt for Short-Term Unsecured Loans:  Short-term business loans, from FinTech lenders like Capital Float, are the best solution to overcome cash flow problems and meet immediate cash requirements. Unlike traditional lending institutions, which require extensive documentation to process a loan, these lenders use technology to make financing decisions. Applicants can avail a loan amount from Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 3 crores. If you decide to pay off the remaining balance of the loan earlier than decided, you won’t not be charged any prepayment penalty either.

3.Adopt Easy Modes of Payment: Try to get paid faster by using mobile payment solutions. Many companies, upon selling their products, provide services through which they receive payment on delivery via banking apps on smartphones or tablets with the use of a credit or debit card. In fact, businesses today are actively turning towards card payment devices, where these Point-of-Sale machines, other than offering cashless transactions, become the instruments for availing working capital finance through services like Capital’s Float Merchant Cash Advance.

4.Pay Later Finance: This financial product helps you make regular payments to replenish inventory and keep your business moving. Many a time, businessmen are presented with growth opportunities, but due to a cash crunch, they are unable to capitalize on such opportunities. Even when they try to, the informal lenders charge exorbitant rates of interest, coupled with other unreasonable demands, making it hard to borrow money from them. Pay Later is a predefined credit facility, unique to each applicant, from which the applicant can make multiple drawdowns. The facility can be restored following repayments, making the facility ready for further use. Interest is charged on the drawdowns and not the entire facility.

5.Online Seller Finance: Capital Float has partnered with the largest e-commerce platforms in the country, including Amazon, PayTM, Snapdeal, Myntra, Shopclues, eBay, etc., to help business owners access fast and flexible working capital loans for business operations in India. One of the unique features is that the loan is offered on the basis of the borrower’s monthly sales and projected revenue We use cutting-edge tech-integration, Big Data and decision sciences to assess the borrower’s business.

6.Discounts on Early Payments: Your profit margin might be effected when you offer your customers discounts upon early payment. However, it will surely help in your business’ cash flow management. Incentivizing customers will encourage them to make payments earlier than the billing cycle, which will be advantageous for your business.

7.Increase the Company’s Sales: This is indeed the most traditional method of increasing cash flow, but it might not always work. Try to attract new customers and sell additional goods or services to your existing customers. You should remember that while new customer acquisition increases sales, selling more to existing customers is cheaper and leads you to increase your profit margin, generating more cash.

Oct 24, 2018

Card image cap
The most successful ones go over the top

Must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness.

Oct 24, 2018

Card image cap
7 TIPS TO SAVE MONEY WHILE MANAGING PERSONAL FINANCES

In today’s world, saving money is of the utmost importance. If you are stressed about how to save money, then you are not the only one in this regard. Financial planning sounds easier than to practice. Even though it may be more exciting to spend money, you should try to practice saving for contingencies, as the future cannot be predicted and is uncertain.

Why is saving money essential?

Saving money can help you to become financially independent, providing you with security in the face of emergencies. Financial planning is necessary to set aside money for the family’s needs, such as the education of children, marriage expenses, healthcare expenses, planning for significant life events, retirement, etc. Saving money is an effective financial practice and a lifestyle choice with several proven benefits.

7 tips to save money

Though there are several ways to save money, you could consider implementing these seven tips:

  • Awareness: Being aware is one of the most critical factors. If you are aware of your finances and spending habits, you will be able to consciously set more money aside.  
  • Prepare a budget: Begin by identifying your fixed and flexible expenses. This will help you evaluate how much of your corpus is depleted by unnecessary expenditure. After this, you can prepare a budget on a weekly or monthly basis by setting expenditure limits. This will help you pay your bills while simultaneously creating a pool of savings. You can make a budget on a weekly or monthly basis (based on your preference) with spending limits clearly defined. This budget may help you in saving extra money and restricting unnecessary expenditures.
  • Curb the spendthrift in you: Many people aren’t always conscious of how lavishly they spend money on unimportant things. Tracking expenses will help you maintain a close vigil on expenses and keep the spendthrift within under control.
  • Create an emergency fund: While facing emergencies, financial support in the form of insurance or loans may not be immediately available or they may not cover the need of the hour. At such times, savings come in handy to address the contingency. Therefore, make sure you set aside a fund for unforeseen expenses.
  • Sell things you no longer use: There are many things we buy, and after some time, do not use any more. These items can be sold to generate funds.
  • Savings calculator: Various types of savings calculators can be found online. These can be used to calculate the amount one can save over a given period of time. Using these calculators could encourage the habit of saving.
  • Switch to a personal finance money management app: Spends tracking and budgeting can be made easy with personal finance management apps. Walnut is one of the most loved and rated apps in the market with over 10 million downloads. Use this app to unlock the financial planner in you. 

It is necessary to save money, as it provides security, financial independence, and reduces stress. Get started on your journey of personal financial planning to achieve peace of mind and money in the bank for when you need it.

Oct 24, 2018